Introduced in House Passed House Introduced in Senate Passed Senate To President Became Law
02/11/2020          

Food Recovery Act of 2020

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02/11/2020 Introduced in House Open

            




110 HR 5841 IH: Food Recovery Act of 2020
U.S. House of Representatives
2020-02-11
text/xml
EN
Pursuant to Title 17 Section 105 of the United States Code, this file is not subject to copyright protection and is in the public domain.


I116th CONGRESS2d SessionH. R. 5841IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESFebruary 11, 2020Ms. Pingree introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture, and in addition to the Committees on Ways and Means, Education and Labor, Energy and Commerce, Oversight and Reform, and House Administration, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concernedA BILLTo decrease the incidence of food waste, and for other purposes.
1.
Short title; table of contents
(a)
Short title
This Act may be cited as the Food Recovery Act of 2020.
(b)
Table of contents
The table of contents for this Act is as follows:Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.Sec. 2. Definition of Secretary.Title I—FarmsSec. 101. Use of Rural Energy for America Program to reduce food and crop waste.Sec. 102. Farm storage facility loan program.Sec. 103. Composting as conservation practice.Sec. 104. Study and report on methods to decrease incidence of food waste.Title II—Retail and restaurantsSec. 201. Good Samaritan food donation.Sec. 202. Report on food donation by retail food stores.Sec. 203. Use of Commodity Credit Corporation funds to cover Emergency Food Assistance Program storage and distribution costs.Sec. 204. Expansion of charitable deduction for contributions of food inventory.Title III—Schools and other institutionsSec. 301. Amendments to Federal Food Donation Act.Sec. 302. School Food Recovery Program.Sec. 303. Food and agriculture service learning program.Sec. 304. Modification of National School Lunch Program procurement requirements to encourage purchase of lower-price, nonstandard-size or -shape produce.Title IV—Food Date LabelingSec. 401. Short title.Sec. 402. Definitions.Sec. 403. Quality dates and discard dates.Sec. 404. Misbranding.Sec. 405. Regulations.Sec. 406. Delayed applicability.Title V—Consumers and local infrastructureSec. 501. Support for national media campaigns to decrease incidence of food waste.Sec. 502. Increase in resources for community facilities loans directed at composting and anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy operations.Sec. 503. Expansion of rural utilities service water and waste disposal program to provide loans and grants for rural communities to adapt waste disposal facilities to incorporate anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy operations.Sec. 504. Grants for composting and anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy projects.Sec. 505. Government Accountability Office audit.Sec. 506. Food waste recovery transportation grants.Sec. 507. Food waste research program.Sec. 508. Grants to research centers or non-profit organizations.
2.
Definition of Secretary
In this Act, the term Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture.
<enum>I</enum><header>Farms</header><section id="H83C8C1B19ED34424854CEE8AADE989C2" section-type="subsequent-section"><enum>101.</enum><header>Use of Rural Energy for America Program to reduce food and crop waste</header><subsection id="HFE0601DE52ED4A18A93AF6FC62FB35B7"><enum>(a)</enum><header>Requirements relating to installation of anaerobic digesters</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Section 9007(c) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/8107">7 U.S.C. 8107(c)</external-xref>) is amended by adding at the end the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H284F3F8332E44EFFBD74384B36573DB3" style="OLC"><paragraph id="HB6E04EFB35384A1AA2CFF1F40685DB31"><enum>(5)</enum><header>Requirements relating to installation of anaerobic digesters</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">In the case of a loan guarantee or grant provided under this subsection to an agricultural producer or rural small business to support the installation of an anaerobic digester that will use food waste in addition to manure to produce renewable energy, the Secretary shall obtain from the recipient of the loan guarantee or grant—</text><subparagraph id="H06FAE0819FE54A049A79005A94CE5667"><enum>(A)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">a written commitment that the recipient has read and agrees to comply with the Food Recovery Hierarchy of the Environmental Protection Agency, particularly as applied to apparently wholesome food (as defined in section 22(b) of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1791">42 U.S.C. 1791(b)</external-xref>)) that may be provided to, or received by, the recipient; and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H92B3DFD9A3084F1ABAFF891DBD9473E2"><enum>(B)</enum><text>a written end-product recycling plan that provides for the beneficial use of the material resulting from the anaerobic digester, in a manner that meets all applicable Federal, State, Tribal, and local laws safeguarding human health and the environment.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subsection><subsection id="H87EE719D8D164265BA6D43E51ACD9AAA"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Funding</header><text>Section 9007(g)(1) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/8107">7 U.S.C. 8107(g)(1)</external-xref>) is amended—</text><paragraph id="H558768BE06DB4041B36E83763ED98D3D"><enum>(1)</enum><text>in subparagraph (D), by striking <quote>and</quote> at the end;</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HDE84F87665AF46CF90B4654E87F8873B"><enum>(2)</enum><text>in subparagraph (E), by striking <quote>fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year thereafter.</quote> and inserting <quote>each of fiscal years 2014 through 2020; and</quote>; and</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H4550F65F4BE0484E97D7438AC4C52685"><enum>(3)</enum><text>by adding at the end the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H7480476ECFA649C8A929DC0FC199FF5F" style="OLC"><subparagraph id="H4F8C820CE49A4C058700911B0506B39A"><enum>(F)</enum><text>$70,000,000 for fiscal year 2021 and each fiscal year thereafter, of which not less than $20,000,000 shall be reserved for use for loan guarantees and grants described in subsection (c)(5).</text></subparagraph><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></paragraph></subsection></section><section id="H581B934AA4C943BD9BB165D535C82853" section-type="subsequent-section"><enum>102.</enum><header>Farm storage facility loan program</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">Section 1614(a) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/8789">7 U.S.C. 8789(a)</external-xref>) is amended by striking <quote>to construct or upgrade storage and handling facilities</quote> and inserting <quote>to acquire, construct, or upgrade storage, handling, and transportation facilities, which may include refrigerated vehicles to improve storage and marketing and other means to reduce food waste,</quote>.</text></section><section id="H3797793D3BC440AFA2D740E11A0CA5DE"><enum>103.</enum><header>Composting as conservation practice</header><subsection id="H6B2DD10FF9124BA093049183D2CAD8C5"><enum>(a)</enum><header>Definitions</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Section 1201(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/16/3801">16 U.S.C. 3801(a)</external-xref>) is amended—</text><paragraph id="H258716F064174404A4C61B255B508E98"><enum>(1)</enum><text>by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (27) as paragraphs (4) through (28), respectively; and</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H7B83902BE42A4C12932301052F8CD636"><enum>(2)</enum><text>by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HA7A0D28DFD164B68A41FA090B06532AE" style="OLC"><paragraph id="HDF5EC58A555E460FA05E4010E138D548"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Composting practice</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The term <term>composting practice</term> means—</text><subparagraph id="HF57EB6CC16C24A4AA366EEE4E4E0DA34"><enum>(A)</enum><text>an activity (including an activity that does not require the use of a composting facility) to produce compost from organic waste that is—</text><clause id="H77592C5EF58C4BDD98A22A37A77F73F6"><enum>(i)</enum><text>generated on a farm; or</text></clause><clause id="H821A39A448134761B3DA00B8C11090A8"><enum>(ii)</enum><text>brought to a farm from the nearby community; and</text></clause></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H7C61637D565E411189EE7990C0CC3655"><enum>(B)</enum><text>the use of compost on a farm to improve water retention and soil health, subject to the condition that such a use shall be in compliance with applicable Federal, State, Tribal, and local laws.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="HCBE3A975E8CA48E29DAF0B65AFB45DE1"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Conservation stewardship program</header><text>Section 1238D(2)(B)(i) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/16/3838d">16 U.S.C. 3838d(2)(B)(i)</external-xref>) is amended by inserting <quote>and composting practices</quote> after <quote>agriculture drainage management systems</quote>.</text></subsection><subsection id="HCEC7A1F064514BDC85C3AD25D9D810F9"><enum>(c)</enum><header>Environmental quality incentives program</header><text>Section 1240A(4)(A)(ii) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/16/3839aa-1">16 U.S.C. 3839aa–1(4)(A)(ii)</external-xref>) is amended by inserting <quote>, including composting practices</quote> before the semicolon at the end.</text></subsection><subsection id="H8A92656AA3544F819A2BBAB5A4C479FA"><enum>(d)</enum><header>Delivery of technical assistance</header><text>Section 1242(h) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/16/3842">16 U.S.C. 3842(h)</external-xref>) is amended by adding at the end the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HDEACF071F9D348AD9D8F0A40D79B6C69" style="OLC"><paragraph id="H0A5BEA733E254F6BA4546AE7BAFBACFD"><enum>(4)</enum><header>Development of composting practice standard</header><text>In addition to conducting a review of any composting facilities practice standard under this subsection, the Secretary shall develop and implement a composting practice standard.</text></paragraph><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subsection></section><section id="H773467F1885044B49B87E76D2244066D"><enum>104.</enum><header>Study and report on methods to decrease incidence of food waste</header><subsection commented="no" id="HF045B3128B3B432BAC0EDAB23B8E304F"><enum>(a)</enum><header>Definition of agricultural product</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">In this section, the term <term>agricultural product</term> has the meaning given the term <term>agricultural products</term> in section 207 of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/1626">7 U.S.C. 1626</external-xref>).</text></subsection><subsection id="H583927020AA544D68EB0EE9FF39B68FB"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Study</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The Secretary shall conduct a study regarding—</text><paragraph id="HA31B012EC3794AF2ABAFE1A2AB35DB7A"><enum>(1)</enum><text>new technologies to increase the period during which an agricultural product may be stored before the agricultural product is considered adulterated under State or Federal law; and</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H5E0DCA01FFCB4A03BE8C358311629A55"><enum>(2)</enum><text>a method to measure the quantity of agricultural product that is not harvested or sent to market each year by the farms that produce the agricultural product.</text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="HFB520D0B8C344A73B068504170EEDCAF"><enum>(c)</enum><header>Report</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that includes—</text><paragraph id="H394BC60B588A48FC8B7A24223EF78CD5"><enum>(1)</enum><text>the results of the study conducted under subsection (b); and</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H8A74FB99FD78486BAA9B7A24FA752AE9"><enum>(2)</enum><text>the recommendations of the Secretary with respect to methods of decreasing the incidence of food waste.</text></paragraph></subsection></section><enum>II</enum><header>Retail and restaurants</header><section id="H5A68969E79C64ABCBA467662A427A2CC" section-type="subsequent-section"><enum>201.</enum><header>Good Samaritan food donation</header><subsection id="HE6EEF68F28A540ABB39453BE67C8584E"><enum>(a)</enum><header>In general</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1791">42 U.S.C. 1791</external-xref>) is amended—</text><paragraph id="HB5AE62E6257F46FCA04E7A12058BDB24"><enum>(1)</enum><text>in subsection (b)—</text><subparagraph id="H8F13B2354FD6414A8A540F5B232B42AA"><enum>(A)</enum><text>in paragraph (1)—</text><clause id="H4DC662F351094A66AFB15F42530C0293"><enum>(i)</enum><text>by striking <quote>quality and labeling</quote> and inserting <quote>safety and safety-related labeling</quote>; and</text></clause><clause id="HD1188738D4D94E73AA0B63C4F803A825"><enum>(ii)</enum><text>by inserting <quote>passage of a date on a date label,</quote> after <quote>surplus,</quote>;</text></clause></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H41AD496904F34E8089B20708A5BF6799"><enum>(B)</enum><text>in paragraph (2)—</text><clause id="H7515E9939C8944CA82DC16F41DEB6670"><enum>(i)</enum><text>by striking <quote>quality and labeling</quote> and inserting <quote>safety and safety-related labeling</quote>; and</text></clause><clause id="H8BDC26B7EE7142629B5D7D18CA8075D2"><enum>(ii)</enum><text>by inserting <quote>passage of a date on a date label,</quote> after <quote>surplus,</quote>;</text></clause></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H68F2B7E083504F4EBE0F5C4047F0E636"><enum>(C)</enum><text>in paragraph (3), by striking <quote>not required to give anything of monetary value</quote> and inserting <quote>not required to give anything of monetary value or charged a good Samaritan reduced price</quote>;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HCC3E896A8F86444BB6F4CE715643F7B2"><enum>(D)</enum><text>by redesignating paragraphs (6), (7), (8), (9), and (10) as paragraphs (7), (8), (9), (10), and (11), respectively; and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HC1EB5A3C70AE42DBABBA35D0ADC85110"><enum>(E)</enum><text>by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HED207107215545A7B3452C59E356ACFA" style="OLC"><paragraph id="HE29E3201179D408A93BEB551816935BD"><enum>(6)</enum><header>Good samaritan reduced price</header><text>The term <term>good Samaritan reduced price</term> means the price of an apparently wholesome food or an apparently fit grocery product that is an amount not greater than the cost of handling, administering, and distributing the apparently wholesome food or apparently fit grocery product.</text></paragraph><after-quoted-block>; and</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H5B559AE29B25425390E7DCA882658634"><enum>(2)</enum><text>in subsection (c)—</text><subparagraph id="H5AED757D5A634415AF77A420BF5AA0ED"><enum>(A)</enum><text>in paragraph (1), by inserting <quote>or sells at a good Samaritan reduced price</quote> after <quote>donates in good faith</quote>;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H9AFC96B7BABA4452AD2B32B9B5AC052F"><enum>(B)</enum><text>in paragraph (2), by inserting <quote>or from a sale at a good Samaritan reduced price</quote> after <quote>donation in good faith</quote>;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HC9B682350BBA4C22BF79F217D762F867"><enum>(C)</enum><text>by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4);</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HB045022FD1984F1890354D41C4D72B3A"><enum>(D)</enum><text>by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HD836D796E90340BF92981FDCE764A1BA" style="OLC"><paragraph id="H3B677ADE2CA94B57AF483B0296499634"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Direct donations to needy individuals</header><subparagraph id="H91B795A8B7874642B44110705FC61C82"><enum>(A)</enum><header>In general</header><text>A qualified direct donor described in subparagraph (B) shall not be subject to civil or criminal liability arising from the nature, age, packaging, or condition of apparently wholesome food or an apparently fit grocery product that the qualified direct donor donates in good faith or sells at a good Samaritan reduced price to a needy individual.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HA87A87C0FBC44067ACB5DFF0E0C7F1A1"><enum>(B)</enum><header>Qualified direct donor described</header><text>A qualified direct donor referred to in subparagraph (A) is a retail grocer, wholesaler, agricultural producer, restaurant, caterer, school food authority, or institution of higher education (as defined in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/20/1002">20 U.S.C. 1002</external-xref>)).</text></subparagraph></paragraph><after-quoted-block>; and</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HF7A28CACC4C64D79BC551CB186A4ED21"><enum>(E)</enum><text>in paragraph (4) (as redesignated by subparagraph (C)), by striking <quote>Paragraphs (1) and (2)</quote> and inserting <quote>Paragraphs (1), (2), and (3)</quote>.</text></subparagraph></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="HE099E70A24CD4F5AA9650E15CE097623"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Regulations; guidance</header><text>Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall—</text><paragraph id="HC1229F2AD4AF44548D3C0E2FCD970E41"><enum>(1)</enum><text>in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, issue regulations with respect to the safety and safety-related labeling standards of an apparently wholesome food and an apparently fit grocery product under the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1791">42 U.S.C. 1791</external-xref>) (as amended by subsection (a));</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HC70272186E964A5DBFBBA27D8A04F7F4"><enum>(2)</enum><text>promote awareness of food donation under that Act (as amended by subsection (a)); and</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HC079642AC4AB4B68B810D32DB20900BC"><enum>(3)</enum><text>issue guidance with respect to the amendments made by subsection (a).</text></paragraph></subsection></section><section id="H75E1CA921011450492FF7955D5DFFE69"><enum>202.</enum><header>Report on food donation by retail food stores</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report describing the recommendations of the Secretary with respect to methods of increasing food donation by retail food stores, as defined by the Secretary.</text></section><section id="HBC565C0A48B24B5EA01A07C05DEAA214"><enum>203.</enum><header>Use of Commodity Credit Corporation funds to cover Emergency Food Assistance Program storage and distribution costs</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">Section 204 of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/7508">7 U.S.C. 7508</external-xref>) is amended—</text><paragraph id="H74B788735E584A98A50751437C0CE0C0"><enum>(1)</enum><text>by striking the section designation and heading and all that follows through <quote>available to the States</quote> in the first sentence of subsection (a)(1) and inserting the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HB5A1A27EC5E7400AAD84B8E23A7026F3" style="OLC"><section id="HA3324A961A5742BAA40F0FA40221B45B"><enum>204.</enum><header>Funds for State storage and distribution costs</header><subsection id="H107D91A7211A48B682855AE34D852325"><enum>(a)</enum><header>Authorization</header><paragraph id="H3B19050B76474350841045C65185D1A2"><enum>(1)</enum><header>Processing, storage, transport, and distribution</header><subparagraph id="HF81375F3BE694FB183157658951D2EB5"><enum>(A)</enum><header>In general</header><text>Using funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make available to the States $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2021 and each fiscal year thereafter</text></subparagraph></paragraph></subsection></section><after-quoted-block>;</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></paragraph><paragraph id="H0318867DD0E8457BB499740D8FB8A906"><enum>(2)</enum><text>in subsection (a)(1)—</text><subparagraph id="H60EE868FF98545A78D09B1E0B106234C"><enum>(A)</enum><text>in the second sentence, by striking <quote>Funds appropriated</quote> and inserting the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HD3BBE510AB714699B156170FCE317F0E" style="OLC"><subparagraph id="H10E78446143D4EAD95897508978433E5"><enum>(B)</enum><header>Method of allocation</header><text>Funds made available</text></subparagraph><after-quoted-block>; and</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H0742F00166D44D37B286BED7C5DC05BF"><enum>(B)</enum><text>in the third sentence, by striking <quote>If a State</quote> and inserting the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H1C614274CD8642758AFD5A79D677B60A" style="OLC"><subparagraph id="H98B4E2F647A1457EB6EAC9EA27FAA429"><enum>(C)</enum><header>Unused funds</header><text>If a State</text></subparagraph><after-quoted-block>; and</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H4A79D9C433244ADAB89F73D92860FD2D"><enum>(3)</enum><text>in subsection (b)—</text><subparagraph id="H2D6E3E67802D4869AD54EF9EE8A78BD5"><enum>(A)</enum><text>by striking <quote>(b) The value</quote> and inserting the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H4A3600047BB84CE8BD22B7B66601EAFB" style="OLC"><subsection id="HF7D73269E8994CA299D084EE92D6E278"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Treatment</header><text>The value</text></subsection><after-quoted-block>; and</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HC123D456E7204C3198168A58914D9D60"><enum>(B)</enum><text>by striking <quote>appropriations made or authorized under this section</quote> and inserting <quote>amounts made available under subsection (a)(1)</quote>.</text></subparagraph></paragraph></section><section id="H62C62B9256CD4C46B8A8F80220BE8F8C"><enum>204.</enum><header>Expansion of charitable deduction for contributions of food inventory</header><subsection id="H8314703C289B46AEA69D87CC365D97E8"><enum>(a)</enum><header>Nonprofit retail sales</header><text><external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/26/170">Section 170(e)(3)(C)</external-xref> of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new clause:</text><quoted-block id="H5E7F973385804A57917E1B8920553B22" style="OLC"><clause id="HD2C591A950F14AA19184D844D209ECE8"><enum>(vii)</enum><header>Nonprofit retail sale</header><text>For purposes of clause (i), a charitable contribution of food includes a contribution to or for the use of an organization described in subsection (c) that is a food bank, food pantry, soup kitchen, or other similar organization which holds such food for nonprofit retail sale. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the terms <quote>food bank</quote>, <quote>food pantry</quote>, and <quote>soup kitchen</quote> have the meanings given such terms by section 201A of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/7501">7 U.S.C. 7501</external-xref>).</text></clause><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subsection><subsection id="H0ADF2325426F43B98EC6551B8B27256C"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Effective date</header><text>Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the amendment made by this section shall apply to contributions made after the date of the enactment of this Act, in taxable years ending after such date.</text></subsection></section><enum>III</enum><header>Schools and other institutions</header><section id="H076A73983F014ABEA10B294C2700EBB8" section-type="subsequent-section"><enum>301.</enum><header>Amendments to Federal Food Donation Act</header><subsection id="H4ACF7A3DA8114E44843F7968781710E1"><enum>(a)</enum><header>Purpose</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Section 2 of the Federal Food Donation Act of 2008 (<external-xref legal-doc="public-law" parsable-cite="pl/110/247">Public Law 110–247</external-xref>; <external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1792">42 U.S.C. 1792</external-xref> note) is amended by striking <quote>encourage</quote> and inserting <quote>require</quote>.</text></subsection><subsection id="HBACB27D1D5BF436F9482CD05B4FF8F18"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Definitions</header><text>Section 3 of the Federal Food Donation Act of 2008 (<external-xref legal-doc="public-law" parsable-cite="pl/110/247">Public Law 110–247</external-xref>; <external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1792">42 U.S.C. 1792</external-xref> note) is amended—</text><paragraph id="HED382CBB215E40129722236AB265F2EA"><enum>(1)</enum><text>by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively; and</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HD4C0DF89C998427F871D68C7918B1208"><enum>(2)</enum><text>by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H21A9F8488064441DACA4648417213EC5" style="OLC"><paragraph id="H0102A38E66DC424F9427C465FCA7A4BF"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Executive agency</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The term <term>executive agency</term> has the meaning given the term in section 133 of title 41, United States Code.</text></paragraph><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H560442A336514CB3B945E7F1AED9296E"><enum>(c)</enum><header>Report on food waste by certain Federal contractors</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Section 4 of the Federal Food Donation Act of 2008 (<external-xref legal-doc="public-law" parsable-cite="pl/110/247">Public Law 110–247</external-xref>; <external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1792">42 U.S.C. 1792</external-xref>) is amended—</text><paragraph id="HA75AF5B67F5C4759B2F520FAD78C04D7"><enum>(1)</enum><text>by amending subsection (a) to read as follows: </text><quoted-block style="OLC" id="HDF3B996E45EA4E08B43CE8AE8C2E1BBA" display-inline="no-display-inline"><subsection id="HA93BF742407041DF85F5FFFD92DB6749"><enum>(a)</enum><header>In general</header><paragraph id="H343313482E0A42C68ED983CA3F268D92"><enum>(1)</enum><header>Requirement</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulation issued in accordance with section 1121 of title 41, United States Code, shall be revised to provide that, except as provided in paragraph (2), all contracts of more than $10,000 for the provision, service, or sale of food in the United States, or for the lease or rental of Federal property to a private entity for events at which food is provided in the United States, shall include a clause that—</text><subparagraph id="H53BD97632CB6483985611A121F5CB8E8"><enum>(A)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">requires the donation of excess, apparently wholesome food to nonprofit organizations that provide assistance to food-insecure people in the United States; </text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HDA490CF74354489090287FB86FAA9D27"><enum>(B)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">states the terms and conditions described in subsection (b); and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HAA2C5C40C48544F59CAF60F7D1A59F53"><enum>(C)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">requires the annual submission, in a form and manner specified by the executive agency awarding the contract, of the report described in subsection (d).</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H5D6E2EAA538642D3880D16823EE7CE09"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Exception</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a contract with an executive agency that has issued a regulation in effect on the date of enactment of the Act that prohibits a donation described in paragraph (1)(A).</text></paragraph></subsection><after-quoted-block>;</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></paragraph><paragraph id="H7B7E19C9260045EC951CE520BCFD9282" display-inline="no-display-inline"><enum>(2)</enum><text>by adding at the end the following new subsections:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HD65A02F8D7A9435A9BA91046132B8A26" style="OLC"><subsection id="H6D63D3505DD54E3396DE3EFDC61CFD1B"><enum>(c)</enum><header>Application to Congress</header><paragraph id="HF20C7D77036140D4B2A801B132D383C1"><enum>(1)</enum><header>Contracts</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">This Act shall apply to the House of Representatives and to contracts entered into by the House of Representatives, and to the Senate and to contracts entered into by the Senate, in the same manner and to the same extent as this Act applies to an executive agency and to contracts entered into by an executive agency.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H9CAED8FD27754A3BB9944448D36BEBB0"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Administration</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">For purposes of carrying out paragraph (1)—</text><subparagraph id="HF30CD8B3C99D4146BC0A4D34E4DF884B"><enum>(A)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives shall be considered to be the head of the House of Representatives; and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H0B4F6A15EDF942FCAD080D2CBAF1445B"><enum>(B)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">the Secretary of the Senate shall be considered to be the head of the Senate.</text></subparagraph></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H77325299E41F43CA9C1D5DC57C6EFB17"><enum>(d)</enum><header>Data; reports</header><paragraph id="H7B6A27CAC670416C8023B2409381DA1A"><enum>(1)</enum><header>Report described</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The report described in this subsection, with respect to a contract described in subsection (a) entered into by a contractor and an executive agency, is a report from the contractor to the executive agency that describes, for each month of performance of the contract during the year covered by the report, the weight of apparently wholesome food that was, pursuant to the contract, disposed of in each of the following manners:</text><subparagraph id="H7C77989C8A9248A3AA838DE5CE9F8E61"><enum>(A)</enum><header>Donation</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Donation by the contractor pursuant to this Act (organized by the name of the organization receiving such food).</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HCA4E2A6525B54345A77E4A21754132B0"><enum>(B)</enum><header>Composting</header><text>Composting or other recycling by the contractor.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H4BB3D5553E894293A5DD5E61D817B9CC"><enum>(C)</enum><header>Discarding</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Discarding by the contractor (organized by the reason such food was so discarded).</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="HA72DB3D2353E43978A1B6FA391CE9B20"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Reports to OMB</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Not later than 30 days after the date that an executive agency receives a report pursuant to paragraph (1)(C), the agency shall submit a copy of the report to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HD6109598D105401BABAE0E3426E275E6"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Reports to Congress</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall submit to Congress an annual report aggregating the information in the reports received pursuant to paragraph (2) during the year covered by the report.</text></paragraph></subsection><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="HC868E16DF7F54752B23BD653A94DBA8F"><enum>(d)</enum><header>Authorization of appropriations</header><text>The Federal Food Donation Act of 2008 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1792">42 U.S.C. 1792</external-xref>) is amended by adding at the end the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HF8A552D9D1F04EF180FC95800C4608D5" style="OLC"><section id="H3D8B0CD846F9492F88980179A7E5EC52"><enum>5.</enum><header>Authorization of appropriations</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out this Act $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2021 and each fiscal year thereafter.</text></section><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subsection></section><section id="H74F727F453834BDBBB3F6B4FD01544DD"><enum>302.</enum><header>School Food Recovery Program</header><subsection id="H5F34FD6CBA7A4CA0916AD7E28D90AC3C"><enum>(a)</enum><header>School food waste reduction grant program</header><text>Section 18 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1769">42 U.S.C. 1769</external-xref>) is amended by inserting before subsection (b) the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H84C578204DC6408281F2E1E12BE28A4E" style="OLC"><subsection id="H54E356F443E440FDA247E6A1450ACD60"><enum>(a)</enum><header>School food waste reduction grant program</header><paragraph id="H398198BFB1FF4915888AC5375B6F587B"><enum>(1)</enum><header>Grant program established</header><subparagraph id="H32927FF31C474F22AB4BFD356980B673"><enum>(A)</enum><header>In general</header><text>The Secretary shall carry out a program to make grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible local educational agencies to carry out food waste measurement and reporting, prevention, education, and reduction projects.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HE09830DCF7704A25A8D8AFC163B72173"><enum>(B)</enum><header>Regional balance</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">In awarding grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that—</text><clause id="H93CFEE84B24F4D55A8356BA59CEAD364"><enum>(i)</enum><text>a grant is awarded to an eligible local educational agency in each region served by the Administrator of the Food and Nutrition Service; and</text></clause><clause id="HC0E8DA84B8E74A209FDF112FCE5A7E3A"><enum>(ii)</enum><text>equitable treatment of rural, urban, and tribal communities.</text></clause></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="HFA3B2A3B3D94495AB4C2D2924CB762B3"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Application</header><text>To be eligible to receive a grant under this subsection, an eligible local educational agency shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H42C4915D85C5464395F4B92DFFD2E6C1"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Priority</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">In making grants under this subsection the Secretary shall give priority to an eligible local educational agency that demonstrates in the application under paragraph (2) that such eligible local educational agency will use the grant to—</text><subparagraph id="H640DFF1D1CA14630B253BAA4F4A4C179"><enum>(A)</enum><text>carry out experiential education activities that encourage children enrolled in such eligible local educational agency to participate in food waste measurement and education;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H0044DD9363654452B631707E5239B2B4"><enum>(B)</enum><text>prioritize the best use of food in accordance with the Food Recovery Hierarchy published by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H2ACDEFD4D65540FB9AA894EA77E9A496"><enum>(C)</enum><text>with respect to food waste prevention and reduction, collaborate with other eligible local educational agencies, tribes, nongovernmental and community-based organizations, and other community partners;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H2F60A4E217A447E89ADA0A9A0A28DC70"><enum>(D)</enum><text>evaluate the activities described in subparagraphs (A) through (C) and make evaluation plans; and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H4F91306DC2C8401B98942F3F63A46622"><enum>(E)</enum><text>establish a food waste measurement, prevention, and reduction project with long-term sustainability.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H907C4D14CFF74C9D9B9C681AC2F7C625"><enum>(4)</enum><header>Federal share</header><subparagraph id="HA7D9D1BC60484C0DB8EB3A0C6970729A"><enum>(A)</enum><header>In general</header><text>The Federal share of a food waste measurement, prevention, and reduction project funded through a grant awarded under this subsection shall not exceed 75 percent of the total cost of such food waste reduction project.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HE0B59FDE77F9495791EF6F1408190436"><enum>(B)</enum><header>Federal matching</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">As a condition of receiving a grant under this subsection, an eligible local educational agency shall provide matching funds in the form of cash or in-kind contributions, including facilities, equipment, or services provided by State and local governments, nonprofit organizations, and private sources.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H34F8F4F20CFF417C8C38A0FDECE6C84A"><enum>(5)</enum><header>Use of funds</header><text>An eligible local educational agency that receives a grant under this section shall use funds under such grant to carry out at least one of the following:</text><subparagraph id="HFF0992C12FD8484D8E42F551A571BA31"><enum>(A)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Planning a food waste measurement, prevention, and reduction project.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HAE78DADC030B4FF4A449F679BAF5FFE6"><enum>(B)</enum><text>Carrying out activities under such a project.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HA705802A8F204CB4A29D4503FF00633F"><enum>(C)</enum><text>Providing training to support such a project.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HCF32CF76719C4DBC8C6453C6C42BB7C7"><enum>(D)</enum><text>Purchasing equipment to support such a project.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HE9B3CBD2A441495995858D7480A82915"><enum>(E)</enum><text>Offering food waste education to students enrolled in such eligible local educational agency.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H87659B8ECD9A466799A3CA8A921EDDDC"><enum>(6)</enum><header>Evaluation</header><subparagraph id="H2C7FFE33888A4C9FBEA35678574066BF"><enum>(A)</enum><header>Agreement</header><text>As a condition of receiving a grant under this subsection, each eligible local educational agency shall agree to cooperate in an evaluation by the Secretary of the project carried out using grant funds.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H8126DA4A666B4833B86CB47073B3AF09"><enum>(B)</enum><header>Periodic evaluation</header><text>Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this paragraph and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall carry out an evaluation of the grants made under this section that includes—</text><clause id="HFCD6EE4DDFBD4A52AC96438B06BE0E42"><enum>(i)</enum><text>the amount of Federal funds used to carry out such grants; and</text></clause><clause id="H1A85308DD74C4CC3A96CD3909DDF0AA7"><enum>(ii)</enum><text>an evaluation of the outcomes of the projects carried out pursuant to such grants.</text></clause></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H3048F65580B546F08CF35B355A143BF1"><enum>(7)</enum><header>Definition of eligible local educational agency</header><text>In this subsection, the term <term>eligible local educational agency</term> means a local educational agency that participates in the school lunch program under this Act or the school breakfast program established under section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1773">42 U.S.C. 1773</external-xref>).</text></paragraph></subsection><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subsection><subsection id="HA458147099184CC7BFD7981BD80179B9"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Technical assistance</header><text>Section 21(b) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1769b-1">42 U.S.C. 1769b–1(b)</external-xref>) is amended—</text><paragraph id="H1588F654200C4096A6B16E0B2C810D2A"><enum>(1)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">in paragraph (2), by striking <quote>and</quote> at the end;</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H711DD54E53D346AD88E6A9478C807800"><enum>(2)</enum><text>in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and inserting <quote>; and</quote>; and</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H2CACED6CB18E41D097776D8A3E635C36"><enum>(3)</enum><text>by adding at the end the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HEEF177F158EA405E96D38BD3AA5806B3" style="OLC"><paragraph id="H9C9DF5091413467581498B2734E81107"><enum>(4)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">food waste measurement, prevention, and reduction.</text></paragraph><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></paragraph></subsection></section><section id="H72A070A362A24402910647DF01460018"><enum>303.</enum><header>Food and agriculture service learning program</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">Section 413 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/7633">7 U.S.C. 7633</external-xref>) is amended—</text><paragraph id="H7B94D924B2724503BFF9CB959688CE5E"><enum>(1)</enum><text>in subsection (b)(4), by inserting <quote>to promote agricultural education, to raise awareness regarding the consequences of wasted food, and to encourage the implementation of food recovery initiatives to reduce the quantity of wasted food</quote> before the semicolon;</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H53E4817D2320493A99A3AFCD4A8FA211"><enum>(2)</enum><text>in subsection (c)—</text><subparagraph id="H511AFCD7ED1041DE92BD0CE21B4E0EE5"><enum>(A)</enum><text>in paragraph (2)—</text><clause id="H7663E007606D40DBB1C5C9FC07AABA17"><enum>(i)</enum><text>in subparagraph (C), by striking <quote>and where food comes from; and</quote> and inserting <quote>, where food comes from, the consequences of food waste, and food recovery initiatives;</quote>;</text></clause><clause id="H5F8117C08F464BED8B82E1D900E15E74"><enum>(ii)</enum><text>in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end and inserting <quote>; and</quote>; and</text></clause><clause id="H854D4DAB99BA4C7A83C6118C7A61DA4C"><enum>(iii)</enum><text>by adding at the end the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H8D919AA10D5B469180175A32E58BEFAB" style="OLC"><subparagraph id="H5E744E594594456BAAF9525BD38A4CC6"><enum>(E)</enum><text>have the capacity to carry out national or regional projects that include 2 or more States.</text></subparagraph><after-quoted-block>; and</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></clause></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H02ACD8842EF54AAF9FDC34212CF4BB0D"><enum>(B)</enum><text>by adding at the end the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H41AEE8C3A39B4A62AC90F7B2BEB198C6" style="OLC"><paragraph id="HCE444AD212084A8A9D25756D26B15F07"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Reservation</header><text>The majority of the funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be reserved for projects that—</text><subparagraph id="HF17C95D5176B4D7B84ED44E800ABD942"><enum>(A)</enum><text>are larger in scale as compared to other proposed projects;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H0616782CA77A480AA997A61569E7C58D"><enum>(B)</enum><text>are national or regional in scope; and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H5E5C6A9138A749BD8741B00E5D27A0ED"><enum>(C)</enum><text>include 2 or more States.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><after-quoted-block>; and</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H2988FE0B056F4745B0D0BD7D6C9E393C"><enum>(3)</enum><text>in subsection (e)(1), by striking <quote>$25,000,000, to remain available until expended</quote> and inserting <quote>$5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2021 through 2025</quote>.</text></paragraph></section><section id="H115CD18CEE744B9CB89C74E8532C4922" section-type="subsequent-section"><enum>304.</enum><header>Modification of National School Lunch Program procurement requirements to encourage purchase of lower-price, nonstandard-size or -shape produce</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">Section 9(a)(4)(C) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1758">42 U.S.C. 1758(a)(4)(C)</external-xref>) is amended by striking clause (ii) and inserting the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H28A665314C324A0699601A193BF08382" style="OLC"><clause commented="no" display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H13AB340544E24076AE1E29DA0CDF69B3"><enum>(ii)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">in the product specifications and practices required under clause (i), encourage State departments of agriculture and education, school food authorities, local educational agencies, and local processing entities to purchase lower-price, nonstandard-size or -shape produce to be used in school nutrition programs under this Act and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1771">42 U.S.C. 1771</external-xref> et seq.); and</text></clause><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></section><enum>IV</enum><header>Food Date Labeling</header><section id="H04D93E154D5340A98311DDAACF152812" section-type="subsequent-section"><enum>401.</enum><header>Short title</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">This title may be cited as the <quote><short-title>Food Date Labeling Act of 2020</short-title></quote>.</text></section><section id="H8727A8DDBECC4875A642C62794BE4AAA"><enum>402.</enum><header>Definitions</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">In this title:</text><paragraph id="H3F3B82A29F0145FD8325E25D38A0E0AF"><enum>(1)</enum><header>Administering Secretaries</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The term <term>administering Secretaries</term> means—</text><subparagraph id="HDCC1F4128CD243E895B4087D4728DF11"><enum>(A)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">the Secretary of Agriculture with respect to any product that is under the Secretary of Agriculture’s jurisdiction and is—</text><clause id="H6CE9A1F46EC14AFD829BB968DBDC34EF"><enum>(i)</enum><text>a poultry product, as defined in section 4 of the Poultry Products Inspection Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/21/453">21 U.S.C. 453</external-xref>);</text></clause><clause id="H415CF7029F904439803B1DD42B09B5C8"><enum>(ii)</enum><text>a meat food product, as defined in section 1 of the Federal Meat Inspection Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/21/601">21 U.S.C. 601</external-xref>); or</text></clause><clause id="H5D4757ACDCA446F0A8BFC3C271B1B5F3"><enum>(iii)</enum><text>an egg product, as defined in section 4 of the Egg Products Inspection Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/21/1033">21 U.S.C. 1033</external-xref>); and</text></clause></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H9446AFA4CE944F7D8357FD7B587972F5"><enum>(B)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">the Secretary of Health and Human Services with respect to any product that is under the Secretary of Health and Human Services’ jurisdiction and is a food (as defined in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/21/321">21 U.S.C. 321</external-xref>)).</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="HE2F90132885249658BD7D5E5A4F6F942"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Discard date</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The term <term>discard date</term> means a date voluntarily printed on food packaging, which signifies the end of the estimated period of shelf life under any stated storage conditions, after which the food labeler advises the product not be consumed.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HE9FF15279BAC406F8BEB440489B8EA1A"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Food labeler</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The term <term>food labeler</term> means the producer, manufacturer, distributor, or retailer that places a date label on food packaging of a product.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H2AEC8017D5994DEB8AD01C4051881249"><enum>(4)</enum><header>Quality date</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The term <term>quality date</term> means a date voluntarily printed on food packaging that is intended to communicate to consumers the date after which—</text><subparagraph id="HE2920D0B0D6F4B68871137AD8C67E67D"><enum>(A)</enum><text>the quality of the product may begin to deteriorate; but</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HD735B2C693F14C30B7110565AE51F326"><enum>(B)</enum><text>the product remains apparently wholesome food (as defined in subsection (b)(2) of section 22 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1791">42 U.S.C. 1791(b)(2)</external-xref>); also known as the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act).</text></subparagraph></paragraph></section><section id="H347BE09F7E614D91BAA86FB2D307958E"><enum>403.</enum><header>Quality dates and discard dates</header><subsection id="H83E6734641964C0C8438BCFA25F3FE78"><enum>(a)</enum><header>Quality dates</header><paragraph id="HFCDE521CBFCB45609E093BF27358FEB0"><enum>(1)</enum><header>In general</header><text>If a food labeler includes a quality date on food packaging, the label shall use the uniform quality date label phrase under paragraph (2).</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H723AD896922D4E4389DC77C81A2B0478"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Uniform phrase</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The uniform quality date label phrase under this paragraph shall be <quote>BEST If Used By</quote> or, if permissible under subsection (c)(3), the standard abbreviation of <quote>BB</quote>, unless and until the administering Secretaries, acting jointly, specify through rulemaking another uniform phrase to be used for purposes of complying with paragraph (1).</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H321677ABFAA64482A9CFE7505BBD7D36"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Option of the labeler</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The decisions on whether to include a quality date on food packaging and which foods should be so labeled shall be at the discretion of the food labeler.</text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H4ADCC8F637CB4AA3ABD06D1CBD473BE0"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Discard dates</header><paragraph id="H752EF2F554C04D0993CEAE57E9916A5B"><enum>(1)</enum><header>In general</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">If a food labeler includes a discard date on food packaging, the label shall use the uniform discard date label phrase under paragraph (2).</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H44D2F89B7BFF4B958364BDBB4840902C"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Uniform phrase</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The uniform discard date label phrase under this paragraph shall be <quote>USE By</quote> or, if permissible under subsection (c)(3), the standard abbreviation of <quote>UB</quote>, unless and until the administering Secretaries, acting jointly, specify through rulemaking another uniform phrase to be used for purposes of complying with paragraph (1).</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H087E39881CB7460A9822E9ABF09A69E7"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Option of the labeler</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The decisions on whether to include a discard date on food packaging and which foods should be so labeled shall be at the discretion of the food labeler.</text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H16119215E9B74AE09646F81F9649E595"><enum>(c)</enum><header>Quality date and discard date labeling</header><paragraph id="H9E2E120C002E4AC1B884436FC9EF1C8F"><enum>(1)</enum><header>In general</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The quality date or discard date, as applicable, and immediately adjacent uniform quality date label phrase or discard date label phrase—</text><subparagraph id="H6E959B75559043E2AB61065ACB9283DF"><enum>(A)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">shall be—</text><clause id="H82862D5491974CA5957BFC3144B849CE"><enum>(i)</enum><text>in single easy-to-read type style; and</text></clause><clause id="H0F654564502747459CED000AF18F4AD7"><enum>(ii)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">located in a conspicuous place on the package of the food; and</text></clause></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HCB5BD9A5331B431DA03878391C6E1712"><enum>(B)</enum><text>may be on the label or, at the discretion of the food labeler, elsewhere on the package.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H304A3C432C3948FDBD0F1B8AFFBBCAE1"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Date format</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Each quality date and discard date shall be stated in terms of day and month and, as appropriate, year.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H641D11434B76456A9FC365BCEAE1BA6D"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Abbreviations</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">A food labeler may use a standard abbreviation of <quote>BB</quote> and <quote>UB</quote> for the quality date and discard date, respectively, only if the food packaging is too small to include the uniform phrase described in subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2), as applicable.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H7C46BD0406AE40F5864D733592555CA6"><enum>(4)</enum><header>Freeze by</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">A food labeler may add <quote>or Freeze By</quote> following a quality date or discard date uniform phrase.</text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="HD52BAE5084CE4EB8A4C201A42D8B7505"><enum>(d)</enum><header>Infant formula</header><text>This title and the amendments made by this title—</text><paragraph id="HE7B843B000034EC08EF09FF551E575AE"><enum>(1)</enum><text>do not apply with respect to infant formula (as defined in section 201(z) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/21/321">21 U.S.C. 321(z)</external-xref>)); and</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H99C4E941ADA24EAA80A090FDDED03646"><enum>(2)</enum><text>shall not be construed to affect the requirements pertaining to infant formula under section 412 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/21/350a">21 U.S.C. 350a</external-xref>) and other applicable provisions of law.</text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H394DB042DE8E48678945F94F0A24E0B6"><enum>(e)</enum><header>Education</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the administering Secretaries, acting jointly, shall provide consumer education and outreach on the meaning of quality date and discard date food labels.</text></subsection><subsection id="H8F48B059C43C49D5B78986335A5EB120"><enum>(f)</enum><header>Rule of construction; preemption</header><paragraph id="H3C7051A7B86B4281A4134E104B938FA7"><enum>(1)</enum><header>Rule of construction</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Nothing in this title or the amendments made by this title shall be construed to prohibit any State or political subdivision of a State from establishing or continuing in effect any requirement that prohibits the sale or donation of foods based on passage of the discard date.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H7250BAB49B2943199527FF06982C87D4"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Preemption</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">No State or political subdivision of a State may establish or continue in effect any requirement that—</text><subparagraph id="H686E080597944072B9ECF74D6E799537"><enum>(A)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">relates to the inclusion in food labeling of a quality date or a discard date that is different from or in addition to, or that is otherwise not identical with, the requirements of this title and the amendments made by this title; or</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HE883BFA3CD8447838D19B7A3BDCF740D"><enum>(B)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">prohibits the sale or donation of foods based on passage of the quality date.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="HE05746A62CB84F9EA1B870C82966BCD1"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Enforcement</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The administering Secretaries, acting jointly and in coordination with the Federal Trade Commission, shall ensure that the uniform quality date label phrase and uniform discard date label phrase are standardized across all food products.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H1D8E3C42DCE2406ABCD0645B2868A8F3"><enum>(4)</enum><header>Savings</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Notwithstanding paragraph (2), nothing in this title, nor any amendment made by this title, nor any standard or requirement imposed pursuant to this title, shall be construed to preempt, displace, or supplant any State or Federal common law rights or any State or Federal statute creating a remedy for civil relief, including those for civil damage, or a penalty for criminal conduct.</text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H3C1DDD807D2B43B4ABECD4F88095C443"><enum>(g)</enum><header>Time temperature indicator labels</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Nothing in this title or the amendments made by this title shall be construed to prohibit or restrict the use of time-temperature indicator labels or similar technology that is in addition to or in lieu of any uniform quality date label phrase under subsection (a)(2) or uniform discard date label phrase under subsection (b)(2).</text></subsection></section><section id="HE3908C8E6A2B42DFBF3A3D2A80733ADF"><enum>404.</enum><header>Misbranding</header><subsection commented="no" id="HDDCA2A2E7C8F42B5B4159A62D008D408"><enum>(a)</enum><header>FDA violations</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Section 403 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/21/343">21 U.S.C. 343</external-xref>) is amended by adding at the end the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HD555487951BF4DC19BE7B703C8E1E414" style="OLC"><subsection commented="no" id="HBFB8E76A6EA04BB4B1623A4B7B0E70E3"><enum>(z)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">If it is food and its labeling is in violation of section 403 of the <short-title>Food Date Labeling Act of 2020</short-title>.</text></subsection><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subsection><subsection id="HD5F436581DAD4FF48247BBAB88805067"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Poultry products</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Section 4(h) of the Poultry Products Inspection Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/21/453">21 U.S.C. 453(h)</external-xref>) is amended—</text><paragraph id="H812029F8C64E435C96224526123DACAC"><enum>(1)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">in paragraph (11), by striking <quote>or</quote> at the end;</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H77B2CEB5655341E0A36AEE313A0F3832"><enum>(2)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">in paragraph (12), by striking the period at the end and inserting <quote>; or</quote>; and</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H46DA6F18F6124553A19B6DEAF663D943"><enum>(3)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">by adding at the end the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H56D925E10365425E86547F3601B7DE08" style="OLC"><paragraph id="H10CF9267770F488F90ACA3D042FA7025"><enum>(13)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">if its labeling is in violation of section 403 of the <short-title>Food Date Labeling Act of 2020</short-title>.</text></paragraph><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H5CDCBB4121AC41CE8EFE77F6E0AE3D66"><enum>(c)</enum><header>Meat products</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Section 1(n) of the Federal Meat Inspection Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/21/601">21 U.S.C. 601(n)</external-xref>) is amended—</text><paragraph id="H32B1D2376569413C9AB68C790A4D2318"><enum>(1)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">in paragraph (11), by striking <quote>or</quote> at the end;</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H8F3A35B5FE384AB8917AB7D19BE45A10"><enum>(2)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">in paragraph (12), by striking the period at the end and inserting <quote>; or</quote>; and</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HD7DC4AFF63344A64BEA85E5B41C45708"><enum>(3)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">by adding at the end the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HCA2664FAFE4F4C9B8441CBD94087E425" style="OLC"><paragraph id="H71A48DB6DF0D451AB387BC651E58D2CD"><enum>(13)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">if its labeling is in violation of section 403 of the <short-title>Food Date Labeling Act of 2020</short-title>.</text></paragraph><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H7028DD8ED54D43E5AFF5C719F60D2A5C"><enum>(d)</enum><header>Egg products</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Section 7(b) of the Egg Products Inspection Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/21/1036">21 U.S.C. 1036(b)</external-xref>) is amended in the first sentence by adding before the period at the end <quote>or if its labeling is in violation of section 403 of the <short-title>Food Date Labeling Act of 2020</short-title></quote>.</text></subsection></section><section id="HD1202F2AA44842688611479D329B5F3B"><enum>405.</enum><header>Regulations</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretaries, acting jointly, shall promulgate final regulations for carrying out the provisions of this title and the amendments made by this title.</text></section><section id="H99127B8A952B4FFCBE6EE76FE8493A80"><enum>406.</enum><header>Delayed applicability</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">This title and the amendments made by this title shall apply only with respect to food products that are labeled on or after the date that is 2 years after the date of promulgation of final regulations under section 405.</text></section><enum>V</enum><header>Consumers and local infrastructure</header><section id="H48933874CCF04D1085CED9248C13AD64"><enum>501.</enum><header>Support for national media campaigns to decrease incidence of food waste</header><subsection id="H46432F7A0DC54B75BD045F2377270B5A"><enum>(a)</enum><header>In general</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The Secretary shall support national media campaigns to decrease the incidence of food waste.</text></subsection><subsection commented="no" id="HF18718C4185C4C0895FEF9B14F496E96"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Mandatory funding</header><paragraph commented="no" id="HF873B4EC140F43AF9E0EDF4F6C752A52"><enum>(1)</enum><header>In general</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The Secretary shall use $8,000,000 of funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out this section for fiscal year 2021.</text></paragraph><paragraph commented="no" id="HBC18BBF0A07946D39B540133D61A43E1"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Availability</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Funds described in paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.</text></paragraph></subsection></section><section id="HA49071B041EF40E3935D6DCD519B1D54" section-type="subsequent-section"><enum>502.</enum><header>Increase in resources for community facilities loans directed at composting and anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy operations</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">Section 306(a)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/1926">7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(1)</external-xref>) is amended by inserting after the first sentence the following: <quote>5 percent of the amounts made available for each fiscal year for loans for essential community facilities under the preceding sentence shall be reserved for loans, in accordance with subsection (c)(2), for municipal or county composting, anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy projects, and the conversion of animal waste products into industrial products or into raw materials that can be converted into finished products other than by anaerobic digestion or the production of bioethanol through fermentation. The Secretary shall not make or insure a loan under the preceding sentence to an entity that will use the amounts under the loan for an anaerobic digester that uses solely manure as undigested biomass, and shall give preference to loans under the preceding sentence for anaerobic digesters that use primarily nonedible food, crop waste, or nonedible food and crop waste as undigested biomass.</quote>.</text></section><section id="H489525A935324BA7AFE797BBDC8D6CB2"><enum>503.</enum><header>Expansion of rural utilities service water and waste disposal program to provide loans and grants for rural communities to adapt waste disposal facilities to incorporate anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy operations</header><text display-inline="no-display-inline">Section 306 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/1926">7 U.S.C. 1926</external-xref>) is amended by inserting after subsection (b) the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H87A3B1F3D1724841B04F98E9EA77D291" style="OLC"><subsection id="H773A31CF19D14B118C9A79FE73795A71"><enum>(c)</enum><header>Water or waste disposal loans and grants for projects To incorporate anaerobic digestion food waste-to-Energy operations in waste disposal facilities</header><paragraph id="H0014DC1E7A8E4D80B9C2CF67C2F44CF2"><enum>(1)</enum><header>In general</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Notwithstanding any other provision of law, beginning in fiscal year 2021, in addition to any other amounts available for water or waste disposal loans and grants under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a), $50,000,000 of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation for each fiscal year shall be available for those loans and grants, of which the Secretary shall use—</text><subparagraph id="HA22DBEB3BCDF41CAAAFE0C55A10BD713"><enum>(A)</enum><text>$25,000,000 for loans, in accordance with paragraph (2), for the adaptation of waste disposal facilities to incorporate anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy operations; and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H3C02F94D03D04ECD924F6703F30BC735"><enum>(B)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">$25,000,000 for grants, in accordance with paragraph (2), for the adaptation of waste disposal facilities to incorporate anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy operations.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H6DB62837BBD347CDB0F6ADCB48FC4563"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Requirements</header><subparagraph id="HA4F0778E0330469CB26CBF52480D84AC"><enum>(A)</enum><header>In general</header><text>A loan or grant is made in accordance with this paragraph if, before making the loan or grant, the Secretary has obtained from the recipient of the loan or grant—</text><clause id="HAFFF4FD45F1A40ABA75864E7276404D4"><enum>(i)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">a written commitment that the recipient has read and agrees to comply with the Food Recovery Hierarchy of the Environmental Protection Agency, particularly as applied to apparently wholesome food (as defined in section 22(b) of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1791">42 U.S.C. 1791(b)</external-xref>)) that may be provided to or received by the recipient; and</text></clause><clause id="HE2F5D1F3DB8D4A6696948650ADA303BB"><enum>(ii)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">a written end-product recycling plan that provides for the beneficial use of the material resulting from any anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy operation with respect to which the loan or grant is made, in a manner that meets all applicable Federal, State, Tribal, and local laws that protect human health and the environment.</text></clause></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HA32A5FEAB3B24F3BA16BF217880A2A91"><enum>(B)</enum><header>Limitation</header><text>A loan or grant under paragraph (1) may not be used for an anaerobic digester that uses solely manure as undigested biomass.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph commented="no" display-inline="no-display-inline" id="H58875E649ADE4DEB8ABC58C91AA4A66D"><enum>(C)</enum><header display-inline="yes-display-inline">Preference</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The Secretary shall give preference to loans and grants under paragraph (1) for anaerobic digesters that use primarily nonedible food, crop waste, or nonedible food and crop waste as undigested biomass.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H6C6061CBF4BA4865A72A6FCC6272C031"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Availability</header><text>Funds made available under paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.</text></paragraph></subsection><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></section><section id="H8D8849E2A5CE4909B739F5C5C9B052E9"><enum>504.</enum><header>Grants for composting and anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy projects</header><subsection id="HC2277752D512452F8DB07CF9852A9807"><enum>(a)</enum><header>In general</header><text>Subtitle G of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/6971">42 U.S.C. 6971</external-xref> et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:</text><quoted-block id="H3B8D8BA0BADF42FF8280B2FFC854F566" style="OLC"><section id="HEA96040B81E8456484CD684894C5188C"><enum>7011.</enum><header>Grants for composting and anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy projects</header><subsection id="H431BEB1618D745B5A667AA7AF0CF0772"><enum>(a)</enum><header>Grants</header><text>The Administrator shall establish a grant program to award grants to States and Tribes eligible to receive the grants under subsection (b)(1) to construct large-scale composting or anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy projects.</text></subsection><subsection id="HD7167C1EF63A4D44BA05BDD38769352C"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Eligible States</header><paragraph id="HA53463CB10B148BE8824B3F28FDE7CC3"><enum>(1)</enum><header>Eligibility</header><text>In order to be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a State or Tribe shall—</text><subparagraph id="HEE12B280E28E4942BE30817D95882EB2"><enum>(A)</enum><text>have in effect a plan to limit the quantity of food waste that may be disposed of in landfills in the State or Tribe; and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H11C32DCE1B954CB6BAAD130DAEE540C0"><enum>(B)</enum><text>provide to the Administrator—</text><clause id="H4B13CE6FCFB247F58BC3F44F2287DEB8"><enum>(i)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">a written commitment that the State has read and agrees to comply with the Food Recovery Hierarchy of the Environmental Protection Agency, particularly as applied to apparently wholesome food (as defined in section 22(b) of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/1791">42 U.S.C. 1791(b)</external-xref>)) that may be provided to or received by the State; and</text></clause><clause id="HF8DB5EC5F9314FD1AE27CA040FD31349"><enum>(ii)</enum><text>a written end-product recycling plan that provides for the beneficial use of the material resulting from any anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy operation with respect to which the loan or grant is made, in a manner that meets all applicable Federal, State, Tribal, and local laws that protect human health and the environment.</text></clause></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H491C5269492C44F3AF78AEF25E4078A1"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Limitation</header><text>A grant under subsection (a) may not be used for an anaerobic digester that uses solely manure as undigested biomass.</text></paragraph><paragraph commented="no" display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HAC03BC58D33846F9BC263B3A711993A7"><enum>(3)</enum><header display-inline="yes-display-inline">Preference</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The Administrator shall give preference to grants under subsection (a) for anaerobic digesters that use primarily nonedible food, crop waste, or nonedible food and crop waste as undigested biomass.</text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H946C625B84C04039AC182D47BD40BD81"><enum>(c)</enum><header>Authorization of appropriations</header><text>There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $100,000,000 for each fiscal year.</text></subsection></section><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subsection><subsection id="HBAE3904B4E0B4B388C6D1302CDFA4539"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Clerical amendment</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The table of contents for the Solid Waste Disposal Act (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/42/6901">42 U.S.C. 6901</external-xref> et seq.) is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 7010 the following:</text><quoted-block display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HE851733BDD8E401C8B9FBC345756E6A6" style="OLC"><toc regeneration="no-regeneration"><toc-entry level="section">Sec. 7011. Grants for composting and anaerobic digestion food waste-to-energy projects.</toc-entry></toc><after-quoted-block>.</after-quoted-block></quoted-block></subsection></section><section id="HB376DE3A8AD648B1BE22B692AE1946F9"><enum>505.</enum><header>Government Accountability Office audit</header><subsection id="HFCF44B775DE149E39ADAC0F07C4444D5"><enum>(a)</enum><header>In general</header><text>Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States (referred to in this section as the <term>Comptroller General</term>) shall conduct an audit to assess estimates of postharvest food loss and waste in the United States, including estimates by the Department of Agriculture and other government, academic, and industry stakeholders.</text></subsection><subsection id="H2CA34FFE594A43759A568A742D549CE0"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Requirements</header><text>The Comptroller General, as part of the audit conducted under subsection (a)—</text><paragraph id="H8EE76524D6654E61820EBB9363E46AAF"><enum>(1)</enum><text>shall—</text><subparagraph id="HE8684D9FBE6646F4AE2F11E07CDCDE9C"><enum>(A)</enum><text>assess the extent to which the estimates described in that subsection provide a valid benchmark for the amount and value of postharvest food loss and waste in the United States;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H18FF5AC67E60450AB5AF1B2C4C761D36"><enum>(B)</enum><text>evaluate the reliability of the data, and the validity and accuracy of the assumptions and models, underlying the estimates; and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HF74F94B9A1634C719D4D53BEBA5B0A5E"><enum>(C)</enum><text>if appropriate, include recommendations to improve the estimates; and</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph commented="no" display-inline="no-display-inline" id="HC2CADE9F116640609075710B454E1D36"><enum>(2)</enum><text>if the Comptroller General determines that the estimates described in that subsection are invalid under paragraph (1)(A), may conduct an estimate of postharvest food loss and waste in the United States.</text></paragraph></subsection></section><section id="H632D899F62A2444F973F6DA885C1B9EF"><enum>506.</enum><header>Food waste recovery transportation grants</header><subsection id="H175EA071D771480C8E700F59A7E86FF7"><enum>(a)</enum><header>Authority To provide assistance</header><paragraph id="HDC03E52D22B44B27AEBC220CA65B9905"><enum>(1)</enum><header>In general</header><text>From amounts made available to carry out this section, the Secretary of Agriculture shall make grants to assist an eligible entity with—</text><subparagraph id="H1316D370222D404693C807D42120D299"><enum>(A)</enum><text>purchasing, leasing, or otherwise acquiring vehicles, including refrigerated vehicles, or other equipment to carry out activities related to food recovery;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H84C7E37BC0A04CEEA1F584D73E12DA0B"><enum>(B)</enum><text>reimbursing travel costs related to food recovery at the per mile rate established by the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service; and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HDEB1D0CE22C8474FBF0170AB85C6F50A"><enum>(C)</enum><text>the costs of preparing, storing, and transporting donated food.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H25A9319A8CB04B628B3A1381CC3CAA71"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Limitation</header><text>An eligible entity may only receive one grant under this section.</text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="HD5E96CFAFCD04AC9AA9C9A50E4BC94A7"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Application</header><text>To be eligible to receive a grant under subsection (a), an eligible entity shall submit an application to the Secretary of Agriculture, at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary of Agriculture may require.</text></subsection><subsection id="H8258FC4362474CACA1EFB0B0EF650E94"><enum>(c)</enum><header>Eligible entity</header><text>To be eligible for a grant under subsection (a), a public food program service provider, a tribal organization, or a private nonprofit entity (including a gleaner) shall—</text><paragraph id="H4AA6D997F0BA48EFB645CDFC5440A451"><enum>(1)</enum><text>have experience in the area of—</text><subparagraph id="H9A5DD61374D041A9AC078389E9B3EC5B"><enum>(A)</enum><text>food recovery and distribution, particularly concerning small and medium-sized farms;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HE7559025292741AEBD59370DE16A014A"><enum>(B)</enum><text>job training and business development activities for food-related activities in low-income communities; or</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HE880500B8A4C45F89F5A7F67D1103358"><enum>(C)</enum><text>efforts to reduce food insecurity in the community, including food recovery and distribution, improving access to services, or coordinating services and programs; and</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="HFE6E09CCA6874AF1804BE04E7982CDCF"><enum>(2)</enum><text>demonstrate competency to implement a project, provide fiscal accountability, collect data, and prepare reports and other necessary documentation.</text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="HC38DCB21AF2547D78FFF1F6C2DAA0579"><enum>(d)</enum><header>Gleaner defined</header><text>In this section, the term <quote>gleaner</quote> has the meaning given the term in section 25(a)(2) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/2034">7 U.S.C. 2034(a)(2)</external-xref>).</text></subsection><subsection id="H6ECE5B9CC86B4CD3B4CE1EC2D58CA878"><enum>(e)</enum><header>Authorization of appropriations</header><text>There is authorized to carry out this section $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.</text></subsection></section><section id="H42084330BF174A09ABDAF03838DDBEAC"><enum>507.</enum><header>Food waste research program</header><subsection id="HDFDC851BDB264EF18C5FCFC62C0E8CD5"><enum>(a)</enum><header>Establishment</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The Food Loss and Waste Reduction Liaison of the Department of Agriculture (in this section referred to as the <quote>Liaison</quote>) shall establish a partnership with 5 regional partner institutions, selected under section 4, to carry out a Food Waste Research Program (in this section referred to as the <quote>Program</quote>). </text></subsection><subsection id="HCE00A06411FE479DBF521F660E0B6446"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Food waste research program requirements</header><paragraph id="HF7010DFE94264EC5A13B82209DB61D0E"><enum>(1)</enum><header>Duties</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">In carrying out the Program, the Liaison, in partnership with the 5 regional partner institutions selected under section 4, shall—</text><subparagraph id="HBA4BA57BF293456CA1CF7F1C754A0E7E"><enum>(A)</enum><text>plan, conduct, and arrange for public research, data, education, and recommendations within the areas of study specified in subsection (b), as such areas relate to food waste reduction and food recovery issues nationwide, regionally, and locally; </text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H29303CB37E5B47D3A952EE2635B3B552"><enum>(B)</enum><text>carry out the activities of the Program within a variety of regions in the United States, which are identified and categorized by the Liaison based on the specific food recovery and food waste reduction issues of such regions;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HE42EE02E6D574BC584EC09AC59727534"><enum>(C)</enum><text>identify areas to increase efficiency in the allocation of resources, coordination, cooperation, and consolidation of efforts as they relate to local, statewide, Tribal, regional, and Federal food recovery and food waste reduction efforts;</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HEC3DF9925A53491FB785242608986B2C"><enum>(D)</enum><text>create a Program website, as described in subsection (d), to disseminate information to the public; and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H676C039E18A147BF96D523AB0E2E79B7"><enum>(E)</enum><text>collaborate with other colleges, universities, and nonprofit organizations in the regions selected by the Liaison that have demonstrated capability for research, information dissemination, and professional training in order to develop regional networks that are knowledgeable in food waste reduction issues. </text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="HA0EE2D7392D84138B6BF4B01E62A833B"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Areas of Study</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">In carrying out the duties listed in subsection (a), the Liaison and the regional partner institutions shall consider the following areas of study: </text><subparagraph id="HBA45E7638F4D4F0E9BE5A5D1B8F0BDE3"><enum>(A)</enum><text>Reducing the volume of surplus food produced.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H6B8E38C82D134E158C13A7727B1B3B80"><enum>(B)</enum><text>Feeding individuals in need to utilize excess food, including through the use of donations of surplus food.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H659A0D95E4924995A99EAA3534E9F03C"><enum>(C)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Diverting food unusable for purposes of paragraph (2) to feed animals.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HAA1F18110DE94D8C8780CF91F2DD54EF"><enum>(D)</enum><text>Utilizing food waste to create renewable energy sources. </text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H5910D0F29DAD47B085084174DAB70610"><enum>(E)</enum><text>Composting food waste to create nutrient rich soil.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HD54C0658D3654F4C956ABFD28D2E74BB"><enum>(F)</enum><text>Diminishing the deposits of food waste in landfills and reducing the incineration of food waste.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="H4443CE9421294869B18A395374558838" display-inline="no-display-inline"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Use of Funds</header><subparagraph id="HF5AF7F7308394941AB1AD39325BC0E6F"><enum>(A)</enum><header>In General</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The Liaison may make funds available under this section to improve the facilities of the regional partner institutions to a level that meets the requirements of the role of a regional partner institution.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H8E29533B98A84553AB662B2A365F42BE"><enum>(B)</enum><header>Plan</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">A regional partner institution may not receive any funding for any facility upgrade under paragraph (1), unless—</text><clause id="HA9E4F8435A244F5DA5B86C943F7EFC9E"><enum>(i)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">the regional partner institution submits to the Liaison a plan detailing the type of facility construction or improvements to take place (including any land acquisition, engineering, design, and staffing and equipment needs, in addition to other information as required by the Liaison); and</text></clause><clause id="HB09980091F454A138E81964541F4F69D"><enum>(ii)</enum><text>the Liaison approves such plan. </text></clause></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H987D78F7CCB64D58A9B8D9CC6B7CE781"><enum>(C)</enum><header>Non-Federal Cost Share for Facility Improvement</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">A regional partner institutions shall be required to provide at least a 20 percent non-Federal cost share for facility improvement or construction projects pursued by a regional partner institution under paragraph (1).</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H731E5787DF3245FBB328226D09B567F6"><enum>(D)</enum><header>Matching Funds for Operating Expenses</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">A regional partner institution shall be required to provide at least a 30 percent non-Federal cost share for all Program operating expenses related to such regional partner institution.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H6D38FF144DDB468C8CD2D5951D73B2A9"><enum>(E)</enum><header>Wage Rate Requirements</header><text>A construction activity carried out pursuant to this section shall meet Federal prevailing wage requirements as determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with subchapter IV of chapter 31 of part A of subtitle II of title 40, United States Code, (commonly referred to as the <quote>Davis-Bacon Act</quote>).</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="HE3BB318AE1F14B04A3061D6FF21E80A2"><enum>(4)</enum><header>Food waste research program website</header><text>The Liaison shall establish a website that shall contain at least the following information:</text><subparagraph id="H5FD57EB3869B43B58F8707A32A3607FF"><enum>(A)</enum><text>Key findings and best practices.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HFFB9A0025E0F41C4BB33E1AA24688CD1"><enum>(B)</enum><text>A list of collaborations and partnerships carried out pursuant to this section.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HBDAEE98D9D2F49E7A96403C93A5AB00C"><enum>(C)</enum><text>Annual reports and other pertinent information on the duties of the Program.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HD0D37DB9590B4B71BBA2A8C44209ADDF"><enum>(D)</enum><text>The location and contact information for regional partner institutions.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H4740FA04D1F542F58EAE4FC8F8C33CBB"><enum>(E)</enum><text>Federal, State, local, and regionally specific public research, data, education, and policy recommendations that shall be updated in a timely manner with new information.</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H920AC88A91B94B03A218BA670F287CCE"><enum>(F)</enum><text>Tools for tracking reduction efforts and measuring food waste production.</text></subparagraph></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H2DE57DEF376F45A89AE26E11CBEB614F"><enum>(c)</enum><header>Selection of regional partner institutions</header><paragraph id="H148EC50DF5784EAC8C07C1B599DCDDC8"><enum>(1)</enum><header>In general</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this section, the Liaison shall select 5 regional partner institutions to partner with to carry out the requirements of the Program under section 3.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H9B520848F48D4DC285D2DCBDFCF0C44E"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Criteria for Regional Partner Institutions</header><text>In making a selection under subsection (a), the Liaison shall select an institution of higher education that—</text><subparagraph id="HF30E1192EA98421685788F368DA8CB9D"><enum>(A)</enum><text>has a focus or expertise in at least one of the areas of study described in section 3(b); </text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HB54066B8418B45E6BF46C744ED0D760F"><enum>(B)</enum><text>has the ability to plan, conduct, and arrange for public research, data, education, and recommendations related to food waste reduction and the areas of study described in section 3(b);</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="HF509129D2B7E47CFA84503A1C32E7673"><enum>(C)</enum><text>can assist the Liaison in fulfilling the duties listed in section 3(a);</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H2BEAB5890AC74AA5B9361D5AB6940F74"><enum>(D)</enum><text>can contribute the required non-Federal funding to maintain a regional partner institution center; and</text></subparagraph><subparagraph id="H13D41C9209D347DBA4BF0B98E831EB5F"><enum>(E)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">satisfies any other criteria determined by the Liaison.</text></subparagraph></paragraph><paragraph id="HB0DC4F4E8BC346DBAEA2B6604A31704B"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Eligible sub-awardees</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">A State, Tribal, or local government, local educational agency, agricultural or commodity organization, farmer, or other organization focused on food waste prevention may serve as an eligible sub-awardee of a regional partner institution if the entity meets the requirements of paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (b) of this section.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HB500A4D462D04996BC8BB0BDA0C4ED21"><enum>(4)</enum><header>Employment status</header><text>Members of regional partner institutions shall not be considered Federal employees for any purpose. </text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H11E066FCF63644D1904BAD998A29EFA0"><enum>(d)</enum><header>Collaboration with Federal, regional, State, Tribal, and local governments and organizations</header><text>The Liaison, in conjunction with the 5 regional partner institutions selected under section 4 shall collaborate and share best practices on regional, State, Tribal, and locally specific food waste and food waste reduction issues with—</text><paragraph id="H235E22D25717413591C9809F9F4DF84B" display-inline="no-display-inline"><enum>(1)</enum><text>State and county governments;</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HD22FCC6B56FB4C8D88EAD3ED88422879"><enum>(2)</enum><text>Tribal governments; </text></paragraph><paragraph id="H42C9A54F09EF4100A68B7785EBA3872B"><enum>(3)</enum><text>units of local government;</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HD1127F993C6648B597E8FCEC0EDE97FC"><enum>(4)</enum><text>local educational entities;</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HB065C5E18E85473FA5492F5970062FD5"><enum>(5)</enum><text>colleges and universities;</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H669951AF88924646974157B93DBDC578"><enum>(6)</enum><text>agricultural and commodity organizations;</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HC80889063B094E4ABB01C9DC78FAA408"><enum>(7)</enum><text>farmers; and</text></paragraph><paragraph id="HBBBCA78FE9BE401EB1EFD3401680D867"><enum>(8)</enum><text>organizations focused on food waste prevention. </text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H254D64AD187E439F96A41E3680EE5679"><enum>(e)</enum><header>Information collection and dissemination</header><paragraph id="H561B8B8FA4A74B84B909F939D653987F"><enum>(1)</enum><header>Report of regional partner institutions</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the regional partnership institutions shall submit to the Liaison a report containing the activities, partnerships, collaborations, Federal policy recommendations, previous and continuing budgets, findings, and any other applicable information carried out under the Program.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H583D4930CCBC4F8AAC7EF69E8E89C645"><enum>(2)</enum><header>Liaison report</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Not later than 15 months after the date of the enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the Liaison shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and publish on the Program website an annual report containing a compilation of the activities, partnerships, collaborations, Federal policy recommendations, previous and continuing budgets, findings, and any other applicable information relating to the Program.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H9A509A65FE74425D90463EEF9358C5EF"><enum>(3)</enum><header>Review of report</header><text>The Liaison shall review the annual report from the regional partner institutions to ensure that funds are being used efficiently according to the duties of the Program and that the Program is producing utilizable public research, data, education, and recommendations related to food waste and food waste reduction issues.</text></paragraph></subsection></section><section id="H87F93361CE604720A766D3B566F07BAF" section-type="subsequent-section"><enum>508.</enum><header>Grants to research centers or non-profit organizations</header><subsection id="H5E57CFE2656E48FE9500EA8D6B4B1EAF"><enum>(a)</enum><header>Grant authority</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this section, the Food Loss and Waste Reduction Liaison of the Department of Agriculture (in this section referred to as the <quote>Liaison</quote>) shall establish a grant program under which the Liaison shall make grants to eligible entities, on a competitive basis, to establish contracts or cooperative agreements described in subsection (c) of section 224 of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/6924">7 U.S.C. 6924(c)</external-xref>) with such eligible entities to carry out the duties described in subsection (b) of such section.</text></subsection><subsection id="H8C4993198A664F48B296A4D1EE0EAB49"><enum>(b)</enum><header>Application</header><text>To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, an eligible entity shall submit to the Liaison an application at such time and in such manner as the Liaison may require.</text></subsection><subsection id="HFBB714FDCB784BF4B801A3B32396A319"><enum>(c)</enum><header>Criteria</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">In making grants under this section, the Liaison shall consider, with respect to each applicant, the following:</text><paragraph id="H41F54287E2D6432DA7C30A4700307CDF"><enum>(1)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The alignment of food loss and recovery programs and resources developed by such applicant with the Environmental Protection Agency Food Recovery Hierarchy.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H03318D10D32B499892B03744B048D160"><enum>(2)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The ability of the facilities and resources of such applicant to develop and deliver food loss reduction and recovery programs.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H9B3778E155384E92AE5137232AC252ED"><enum>(3)</enum><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The experience of such applicant in developing high-impact food loss reduction and recovery programs and resources at the State, Tribal, regional, or national scale.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H33A576D2046343118EFF7D3C5A3C6195"><enum>(4)</enum><text>Previous collaboration of such applicant with other food loss reduction and recovery focused organizations in the private, nonprofit, and government sectors.</text></paragraph><paragraph id="H659A8931032C4DD288A0D95C3AD626E9"><enum>(5)</enum><text>Any other information that the Liaison shall require. </text></paragraph></subsection><subsection id="H05AC08D633124B43B389AC653F31ACC3"><enum>(d)</enum><header>Use of funds</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">An eligible entity that receives a grant under this section shall use such grant to carry out the activities described in subsection (c) of section 224 of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/6924">7 U.S.C. 6924(c)</external-xref>) to accomplish the duties described in subsection (b) of such section.</text></subsection><subsection id="H0C6EB8B9F8954D8DB1945CE927683002"><enum>(e)</enum><header>Duration</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Each grant under this section shall be for a period of 3 years.</text></subsection><subsection id="H293307A6A3F549BEB839986CFDD7F70A"><enum>(f)</enum><header>Grant Renewal</header><text>The Liaison may renew a grant under this section for an additional period of 3 years.</text></subsection><subsection id="H6328FEE9D81C48EBAD1F4AAC829066F8"><enum>(g)</enum><header>Federal share</header><text>The Federal share of a grant under this section shall not exceed 70 percent of the costs of the activities carried out under this section. </text></subsection><subsection id="HFF3EBC4E5E1E4D069FE2767F986E2C52"><enum>(h)</enum><header>Report to Congress</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Liaison shall submit to Congress a report describing the activities conducted under this section and the effects of such activities on food loss and waste reduction nationally.</text></subsection><subsection id="HD2207D3EF02549E19E01C49D8FD4A0DE"><enum>(i)</enum><header>Eligible entity defined</header><text display-inline="yes-display-inline">The term <quote>eligible entity</quote> means a research center or nonprofit organization described in section 224(c) of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (<external-xref legal-doc="usc" parsable-cite="usc/7/6924">7 U.S.C. 6924(c)</external-xref>).</text></subsection></section>

Picture Name From Date Type
Chellie Pingree D-ME 02/11/2020 Sponsor
Date Branch Action
02/11/2020 President Referred to the Committee on Agriculture, and in addition to the Committees on Ways and Means, Education and Labor, Energy and Commerce, Oversight and Reform, and House Administration, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.Action By: House of Representatives
02/11/2020 President Introduced in HouseAction By: House of Representatives
Summary
Congress - Bill Number Major Title
Branch Vote Date Yes No Not Voting
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Bill TEXT Points.
This Bill has been listed with the following Subjects from Texts:
Commerce
Pingree introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture, and in addition to the Committees on Ways and Means, Education and Labor, Energy and Commerce, Oversight and Reform, and House Administration, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concernedA BILLTo decrease the incidence of food waste, and for other purposes

Contracts
;(2)by adding at the end the following new subsections:(c)
Application to Congress
(6)
Evaluation
(A)
Agreement
As a condition of receiving a grant under this subsection, each eligible local educational agency shall agree to cooperate in an evaluation by the Secretary of the project carried out using grant funds


End Bill TEXT Points.
Date Bill Major Title
Committee Name
Subject Type