Introduced in House Passed House Introduced in Senate Passed Senate To President Became Law
02/12/2020          

Trillion Trees Act

Date Version PDF TXT
02/12/2020 Introduced in House Open

            I 

116TH CONGRESS 
2D SESSION H. R. 5859 

To establish forest management, reforestation, and utilization practices which 
lead to the sequestration of greenhouse gases, and for other purposes. 

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

FEBRUARY 12, 2020 
Mr. WESTERMAN (for himself, Mr. MCCARTHY, Mr. WITTMAN, Mr. CREN-

SHAW, Mr. BARR, Mr. STAUBER, Mr. BURCHETT, Mr. BACON, Mr. STIV-
ERS, and Mr. JOYCE of Ohio) introduced the following bill; which was re-
ferred to the Committee on Agriculture, and in addition to the Commit-
tees on Foreign Affairs, Natural Resources, and Ways and Means, for 
a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for 
consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the com-
mittee concerned 

A BILL 
To establish forest management, reforestation, and utilization 

practices which lead to the sequestration of greenhouse 
gases, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-1

tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 2

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. 3

(a) SHORT TITLE.—This Act may be cited as the 4

‘‘Trillion Trees Act’’. 5

(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—The table of contents for 6

this Act are as follows: 7

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•HR 5859 IH

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. 
Sec. 2. Sense of Congress. 
Sec. 3. Definitions. 

TITLE I—CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH REFORESTATION 
ACTIVITIES 

Sec. 101. National wood growth targets. 
Sec. 102. National reforestation task force. 
Sec. 103. Timber survey update. 
Sec. 104. Reforestation programs. 
Sec. 105. Carbon sequestration through the healthy forest reserve program. 
Sec. 106. National Forest Foundation activities. 
Sec. 107. Global climate change program. 
Sec. 108. International forestry cooperation. 
Sec. 109. International engagement. 
Sec. 110. Modifications to authorities relating to tropical forests. 

TITLE II—CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH IMPROVED 
FOREST MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES 

Sec. 201. Carbon sequestration through land use planning; supplements to pro-
grammatic environmental impact statements. 

Sec. 202. Emissions consideration of management injunctions. 
Sec. 203. Storing carbon on State and private forests. 
Sec. 204. Carbon sequestration through the good neighbor authority. 
Sec. 205. Carbon sequestration research programs. 

TITLE III—MARKET INCENTIVES FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION 

Sec. 301. Sustainable building and residence credit. 
Sec. 302. Carbon neutrality of sustainable biomass. 
Sec. 303. Clarification of research and development program for cellulosic bio-

chemical and bioplastics. 

SEC. 2. SENSE OF CONGRESS. 1

It is the sense of Congress that— 2

(1) the Trillion Trees Initiative established by 3

the United Nations Environment Programme should 4

be supported; 5

(2) under such Trillion Trees Initiative, na-6

tions, corporations, and individuals around the globe 7

will contribute to planting one trillion new trees; 8

(3) one trillion new trees globally would seques-9

ter a significant amount of atmospheric carbon and 10

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3 

•HR 5859 IH

constitute a pragmatic step towards addressing glob-1

al carbon emissions; and 2

(4) under this Act, the United States will— 3

(A) take a leadership role in planting one 4

trillion trees globally; 5

(B) utilize the vast natural assets, robust 6

wood product market, and technical expertise of 7

the United States to plant, manage, and utilize 8

domestic forestland; and 9

(C) incentivize the use of sustainable build-10

ing products to sequester carbon. 11

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. 12

In this Act: 13

(1) FOREST PLAN.—The term ‘‘forest plan’’ 14

means— 15

(A) a land use plan prepared by the Bu-16

reau of Land Management for public lands pur-17

suant to section 202 of the Federal Land Policy 18

and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 19

1712); or 20

(B) a land and resource management plan 21

prepared by the Forest Service for a unit of the 22

National Forest System pursuant to section 6 23

of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Re-24

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4 

•HR 5859 IH

sources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1

1604). 2

(2) FOREST MANAGEMENT ACTIVITY.—The 3

term ‘‘forest management activity’’ means a project 4

or activity carried out by the Secretary concerned on 5

National Forest System lands or public lands con-6

sistent with the forest plan covering the lands. 7

(3) NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM.—The term 8

‘‘National Forest System’’ has the meaning given 9

that term in section 11(a) of the Forest and Range-10

land Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 11

U.S.C. 1609(a)). 12

(4) NATURALLY REGENERATED.—The term 13

‘‘naturally regenerated’’ means to regenerate natural 14

wood growth from— 15

(A) available seed sources; or 16

(B) any other environmental process that 17

does not involve planting. 18

(5) PUBLIC LANDS.—The term ‘‘public lands’’ 19

has the meaning given that term in section 103 of 20

the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 21

1976 (43 U.S.C. 1702). 22

(6) SECRETARY.—The term ‘‘Secretary’’ means 23

the Secretary of Agriculture. 24

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(7) SECRETARY CONCERNED.—The term ‘‘Sec-1

retary concerned’’ means— 2

(A) the Secretary of Agriculture, with re-3

spect to National Forest System lands; and 4

(B) the Secretary of the Interior, with re-5

spect to public lands. 6

(8) SECRETARIES.—The term ‘‘Secretaries’’ 7

means the Secretary of Agriculture and the Sec-8

retary of Interior. 9

TITLE I—CARBON SEQUESTRA-10
TION THROUGH REFOREST-11
ATION ACTIVITIES 12

SEC. 101. NATIONAL WOOD GROWTH TARGETS. 13

Not later than 2 years after the date of the enact-14

ment of this Act, the Secretary shall set targets for in-15

creased total domestic wood growth for the purposes of 16

capturing and storing carbon. Such targets shall— 17

(1) be based on the best available scientific in-18

formation; 19

(2) consider both naturally regenerated wood 20

growth and planted wood growth; 21

(3) be established at levels which represent the 22

maximum feasible increase in the total wood volume 23

private, State, and Federal landowners can achieve 24

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6 

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by January 1, 2030, and every 10 years thereafter 1

through January 1, 2100; 2

(4) shall be informed by the report provided by 3

the National Reforestation Task Force established in 4

section 102 of this Act; 5

(5) shall not negatively impact continued sus-6

tainable harvest on National Forest, State, Tribal, 7

and private forestland; and 8

(6) be published in the Federal Register, to-9

gether with a statement of the basis and justification 10

for such targets. 11

SEC. 102. NATIONAL REFORESTATION TASK FORCE. 12

(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—Within 6 months following 13

enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall form a task 14

force to assist the Secretary with meeting the targets re-15

quired to be set under section 101. 16

(b) DUTIES OF THE TASK FORCE.— 17

(1) REPORT.—Within 1 year following the es-18

tablishment of this task force, the task force shall 19

submit to the Secretary a report, which shall in-20

clude— 21

(A) recommendations and alternatives for 22

national wood growth targets established under 23

section 101; 24

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•HR 5859 IH

(B) the feasibility of such recommenda-1

tions; 2

(C) yearly growth targets required to 3

achieve the national wood growth targets estab-4

lished under section 101, taking into consider-5

ation yearly sustainable increases in domestic 6

timber harvest, natural regeneration, adverse 7

natural and anthropogenic events, and other 8

factors impacting the growth rate of all domes-9

tic forestland; 10

(D) program and policy recommendations 11

designed to achieve the national wood growth 12

targets established under section 101, while still 13

maintaining yearly sustainable increases in the 14

amount of boardfeet harvested from public 15

lands; 16

(E) program and policy recommendations 17

designed to stimulate the domestic and inter-18

national timber markets; and 19

(F) program and policy recommendations 20

designed to improve the natural regeneration 21

rate of public forest through active forest man-22

agement. 23

(2) OVERSIGHT.—Following the submission of 24

the report described in paragraph (1), the task force 25

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shall provide continued oversight of the implementa-1

tion of the national wood growth target, and provide 2

the Secretary with— 3

(A) yearly reports on the progress made 4

towards achieving the national wood growth 5

targets established under section 101; and 6

(B) ongoing program and policy rec-7

ommendations designed to achieve the national 8

wood growth targets established under section 9

101. 10

(3) REPORTS TO CONGRESS.—The task force 11

shall— 12

(A) submit to Congress a copy of the re-13

port under paragraph (1); and 14

(B) not later than 2 years after the report 15

under paragraph (1) is submitted to the Sec-16

retary and Congress, and every 5 years there-17

after, submit a report to Congress on the imple-18

mentation of, and progress towards meeting, 19

the targets set under section 101. 20

(c) MEMBERSHIP.— 21

(1) APPOINTMENT.—The task force shall con-22

sist of 7 ex officio members and 8 discretionary 23

members. 24

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•HR 5859 IH

(A) EX OFFICIO MEMBERS.—The ex officio 1

members of the task force are— 2

(i) the Director of the United States 3

Fish and Wildlife Service or an individual 4

designated by the Director; 5

(ii) the Director of the Bureau of 6

Land Management or an individual des-7

ignated by the Director; 8

(iii) the Director of the National Park 9

Service or an individual designated by the 10

Director; 11

(iv) the Chief of the Forest Service or 12

an individual designated by the Chief; 13

(v) the Chief of the Natural Resources 14

Conservation Service or an individual des-15

ignated by the Chief; 16

(vi) the Administrator of the Farm 17

Service Agency or an individual designated 18

by the Administrator; and 19

(vii) the Director of the Bureau of In-20

dian Affairs or an individual designated by 21

the Director. 22

(B) DISCRETIONARY MEMBERS.—The Sec-23

retary shall appoint 1 discretionary member 24

from each of the following: 25

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10 

•HR 5859 IH

(i) A State land management agency. 1

(ii) A private forest landowner with 2

total land holdings of greater than 3

1,000,000 acres. 4

(iii) A private forest landowner with 5

total land holdings of less than 1,000,000 6

acres. 7

(iv) A sawmill, pulp, or paper manu-8

facturer which relies on the sale of federal 9

timber for at least 25 percent of their fiber 10

supply. 11

(v) An energy company, cooperative, 12

or utility which provides customers with 13

energy at least partially derived from the 14

combustion of wood biomass. 15

(vi) A land conservation nonprofit 16

with previous experience in collaborative 17

forestland restoration projects greater than 18

100,000 acres. 19

(vii) A Tribal resource management 20

organization with previous experience man-21

aging Tribal timberland. 22

(viii) A wildlife conservation nonprofit 23

with previous experience in collaborative 24

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•HR 5859 IH

forestland restoration projects greater than 1

100,000 acres. 2

(ix) An urban resource conservation 3

organization, with previous experience in 4

urban and community reforestation 5

projects. 6

(2) DISCRETIONARY MEMBER TERMS.—Each 7

discretionary member appointed to the task force 8

under paragraph (1)(B) may be appointed and re-9

moved at the discretion of the Secretary. 10

(3) PRESERVATION OF PUBLIC ADVISORY STA-11

TUS.—No individual may be appointed to the task 12

force as a discretionary member under paragraph 13

(1)(B) while serving as an officer or employee of the 14

Federal Government. 15

(4) PAY AND EXPENSES.— 16

(A) COMPENSATION.—Members of the task 17

force shall serve without pay. 18

(B) REIMBURSEMENT.—A member of the 19

task force may be reimbursed for travel and 20

lodging incurred while attending a meeting of 21

the task force or any other meeting of members 22

approved for reimbursement by the task force 23

in the same amounts and under the same condi-24

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•HR 5859 IH

tions as Federal employees under section 5703 1

of title 5, United States Code. 2

(C) EXPENSES.—The expenses of the Task 3

Force that the Secretary determines to be rea-4

sonable and appropriate shall be paid by the 5

Secretary. 6

(5) ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT, TECHNICAL 7

SERVICES, AND STAFF SUPPORT.—The Secretary 8

shall make personnel of the Department of Agri-9

culture available to the task force for administrative 10

support, technical services, and staff support the 11

Secretary determines necessary to carry out this sec-12

tion. 13

(6) FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT.—The 14

Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) 15

shall not apply to the task force. 16

SEC. 103. TIMBER SURVEY UPDATE. 17

(a) RENEWABLE RESOURCE ASSESSMENT.—Section 18

3 of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Plan-19

ning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1601) is amended— 20

(1) in subsection (a)— 21

(A) in paragraph (5), by striking ‘‘and’’ at 22

the end; 23

(B) by striking paragraph (6) and insert-24

ing the following: 25

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‘‘(6) an analysis of the total carbon storage ca-1

pacity of the National Forest System based upon the 2

lifecycle analysis established under section 103(b) of 3

the Trillion Trees Act; and’’; and 4

(C) by adding at the end the following: 5

‘‘(7) an analysis of the forestry opportunities to 6

sequester atmospheric carbon.’’; and 7

(2) in subsection (c)— 8

(A) in paragraph (2) by striking ‘‘and’’ at 9

the end; 10

(B) in paragraph (3) by striking the period 11

at the end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and 12

(C) by adding at the end the following: 13

‘‘(4) the potential for increased atmospheric 14

carbon storage through the utilization of forest and 15

wood products and biproducts, including rec-16

ommendations to Congress for actions which would 17

lead to increased utilization of these materials in se-18

questering more atmospheric carbon.’’. 19

(b) LIFECYCLE ANALYSIS.— 20

(1) LIFECYCLE STORAGE MODEL.—As a part of 21

the assessment established under section 3 of the 22

Forest and Rangeland Renewable Planning Act of 23

1974 (16 U.S.C. 1601) the Secretary shall develop 24

computational models to evaluate the lifecycle forest 25

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carbon sequestration potential associated with active 1

management of the National Forest System. 2

(2) CONSIDERATIONS.—In developing the model 3

under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider— 4

(A) the amount of carbon stored in wood; 5

(B) the rate of carbon storage in new wood 6

growth; 7

(C) the rate of carbon storage in old wood 8

growth; 9

(D) the amount of carbon released through 10

tree mortality; 11

(E) the amount of carbon released through 12

catastrophic wildfire; 13

(F) the amount of carbon stored through 14

the manufacture of sustainable wood products; 15

(G) the net carbon stored through a sus-16

tainable cycle of harvest and regeneration; 17

(H) the net carbon stored through active 18

forest management; and 19

(I) other factors as determined by the Sec-20

retary. 21

(3) VALIDATION PROGRAM.— 22

(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall 23

carry out a program for validation and inde-24

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•HR 5859 IH

pendent testing of the lifecycle models devel-1

oped under paragraph (1). 2

(B) REQUIREMENTS.—In carrying out the 3

validation program under subparagraph (A), 4

the Secretary shall— 5

(i) perform retrospective assessments 6

comparing model predictions to field data 7

on the carbon stored on the National For-8

est System; and 9

(ii) require independent evaluation 10

and comparison of lifecycle models devel-11

oped under paragraph (1) against existing 12

models, and enable empirical testing of 13

hypotheses regarding the net effects on 14

land and atmospheric carbon stocks and 15

other greenhouse gas impacts. 16

(4) REPORT.—Not later than 1 year after the 17

date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 18

submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 19

House of Representatives and the Committee on Ag-20

riculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 21

report on the findings of the analysis conducted 22

using the model developed under paragraph (1). 23

SEC. 104. REFORESTATION PROGRAMS. 24

(a) NATIONAL FOREST COVER POLICY.— 25

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•HR 5859 IH

(1) IN GENERAL.—Section 3 of the Forest and 1

Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 2

1974 (16 U.S.C. 1601), as amended by section 103, 3

is further amended— 4

(A) by redesignating subsection (e) as sub-5

section (f); 6

(B) by redesignating the second subsection 7

(d) (relating to the policy of Congress regarding 8

forested land in the National Forest System) as 9

subsection (e); and 10

(C) in subsection (e), as so redesignated— 11

(i) in paragraph (2)— 12

(I) in the first sentence— 13

(aa) by striking ‘‘eight years 14

following the enactment of this 15

subsection’’ and inserting ‘‘10 16

years following the date of enact-17

ment of the ‘Trillion Trees Act’ ’’; 18

and 19

(bb) by striking ‘‘eight-year 20

period’’ and inserting ‘‘10-year 21

period’’; 22

(II) in the second sentence, by 23

striking ‘‘such eight-year period’’ and 24

inserting ‘‘the 10-year period’’; and 25

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•HR 5859 IH

(III) in the third sentence, by 1

striking ‘‘1978’’ and inserting 2

‘‘2021’’; 3

(ii) by redesignating paragraph (3) as 4

paragraph (4); 5

(iii) in the first sentence of paragraph 6

(4), as so redesignated, by striking ‘‘sub-7

section (d)’’ and inserting ‘‘subsection’’; 8

and 9

(iv) by inserting after paragraph (2) 10

the following: 11

‘‘(3) REFORESTATION PRIORITIZATION.— 12

‘‘(A) REFORESTATION PRIORITY.— 13

‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—In carrying out 14

this subsection, the Secretary shall give 15

priority to projects on the priority list de-16

scribed in clause (ii)(I). 17

‘‘(ii) PRIORITY LIST.— 18

‘‘(I) IN GENERAL.—The Chief of 19

the Forest Service shall, based on rec-20

ommendations from regional foresters, 21

create a priority list of projects that— 22

‘‘(aa) primarily take place 23

on priority land; and 24

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•HR 5859 IH

‘‘(bb) promote reforestation 1

following unplanned adverse 2

events on priority land. 3

‘‘(II) RANKING.—The Chief of 4

the Forest Service shall rank projects 5

on the priority list under subclause (I) 6

based on— 7

‘‘(aa) the ability to measure 8

the progress and success of the 9

project; and 10

‘‘(bb) the ability of a project 11

to provide benefits relating to 12

forest function and health, soil 13

health and productivity, wildlife 14

habitat, improved air and water 15

quality, carbon sequestration po-16

tential, job creation, enhanced 17

recreation, and forest wood prod-18

ucts. 19

‘‘(B) DEFINITIONS.—In this paragraph: 20

‘‘(i) PRIORITY LAND.—The term ‘pri-21

ority land’ means National Forest System 22

land that, due to an unplanned natural or 23

anthropogenic adverse event (including a 24

wildfire, ice, blowdown, insect infestation, 25

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19 

•HR 5859 IH

disease, volcanic activity, or seismic event) 1

is— 2

‘‘(I) understocked; or 3

‘‘(II) significantly impacted by 4

insect infestation or disease. 5

‘‘(ii) UNDERSTOCKED.—The term 6

‘understocked’ means, with respect to for-7

est land that has a forest canopy cover 8

gap— 9

‘‘(I) of not less than 50 acres; or 10

‘‘(II) that is ecologically detri-11

mental to the forest, as determined by 12

the Regional Forester, taking into ac-13

count factors such as the need to pro-14

tect critical water supplies from ero-15

sion, specific wildlife habitat restora-16

tion, and a history of natural or an-17

thropogenic events.’’. 18

(2) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.— 19

(A) COOPERATIVE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE 20

ACT OF 1978.—Section 9 of the Cooperative 21

Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 22

2105) is amended in the matter following para-23

graph (5) of subsection (g)— 24

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20 

•HR 5859 IH

(i) by striking ‘‘section 3(d)’’ and in-1

serting ‘‘subsection (e) of section 3’’; and 2

(ii) by striking ‘‘1601(d)’’ and insert-3

ing ‘‘1601’’. 4

(B) REFORESTATION TRUST FUND.—Sec-5

tion 303 of the Act of October 14, 1980 (Public 6

Law 96–451; 16 U.S.C. 1606a) is amended— 7

(i) in subsection (b)(2), by striking 8

‘‘$30,000,000’’ and inserting 9

‘‘$60,000,000’’; and 10

(ii) in subsection (d)(1)— 11

(I) by striking ‘‘section 3(d)’’ and 12

inserting ‘‘subsection (e) of section 13

3’’; and 14

(II) by striking ‘‘1601(d)’’ and 15

inserting ‘‘1601’’. 16

(C) STEWARDSHIP END RESULT CON-17

TRACTING PROJECTS.—Section 604(c) of the 18

Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 19

U.S.C. 6591c(c)) is amended by adding at the 20

end the following: 21

‘‘(8) With respect to projects under subsection 22

(b) entered into only by the Chief, reforestation in 23

accordance with the priorities specified in subsection 24

(e)(3)(A)(ii) of section 3 of the Forest and Range-25

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21 

•HR 5859 IH

land Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 1

U.S.C. 1601).’’. 2

(3) GOOD NEIGHBOR AUTHORITY.—Section 3

8206 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (16 U.S.C. 4

2113a) is amended— 5

(A) in subsection (a)(4)(A)— 6

(i) in clause (ii), by striking ‘‘and’’ at 7

the end; 8

(ii) by redesignating clause (iii) as 9

clause (iv); and 10

(iii) by inserting after clause (ii) the 11

following: 12

‘‘(iii) with respect to National Forest 13

System land, reforestation activities; and’’; 14

and 15

(B) in subsection (b)— 16

(i) in paragraph (1), by adding at the 17

end the following: 18

‘‘(C) REFORESTATION PRIORITY.—With 19

respect to forest, rangeland, and watershed res-20

toration services described in subsection 21

(a)(4)(A)(iii), the Secretary may enter into 22

good neighbor agreements under this section in 23

accordance with the priorities specified in sub-24

section (e)(3)(A)(ii) of section 3 of the Forest 25

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22 

•HR 5859 IH

and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning 1

Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C.1601).’’; and 2

(ii) in paragraph (2)(C)(i), in the 3

matter preceding subclause (I), by striking 4

‘‘of a State’’. 5

(b) TARGET YEAR FOR NATIONAL FOREST SYS-6

TEM.—Section 9 of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable 7

Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1607) is 8

amended by striking ‘‘2000’’ and inserting ‘‘2029’’. 9

SEC. 105. CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH THE 10

HEALTHY FOREST RESERVE PROGRAM. 11

(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—Section 501(a) of the Healthy 12

Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6571(a)) is 13

amended— 14

(1) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the 15

end; 16

(2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at 17

the end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and 18

(3) by adding at the end the following: 19

‘‘(5) to promote planting, management, and re-20

generation of new trees in pursuit of the targets for 21

increased total domestic wood growth established 22

under section 101 of the Trillion Trees Act.’’. 23

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23 

•HR 5859 IH

(b) ENROLLMENT PRIORITY.—Section 502(f)(1) of 1

the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 2

6572) is amended to read as follows: 3

‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Agri-4

culture shall give priority to the enrollment of land 5

that— 6

‘‘(A) provides the greatest conservation 7

benefit to— 8

‘‘(i) primarily, species listed as endan-9

gered or threatened under section 4 of the 10

Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 11

U.S.C. 1533); and 12

‘‘(ii) secondarily, species that— 13

‘‘(I) are not listed as endangered 14

or threatened under section 4 of the 15

Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 16

U.S.C. 1533); but 17

‘‘(II)(aa) are candidates for such 18

listing, State-listed species, or special 19

concern species; or 20

‘‘(bb) are deemed a species of 21

greatest conservation need under a 22

State wildlife action plan; or 23

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24 

•HR 5859 IH

‘‘(B) promotes the restoration of marginal 1

farmland or degraded forestland into healthy 2

forest ecosystems.’’. 3

(c) RESTORATION PLANS.—Paragraph (4) of section 4

503(b) of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 5

(16 U.S.C. 6573(b)) is amended to read as follows: 6

‘‘(4) Practices to increase carbon sequestration, 7

including reforestation of degraded forestland and 8

afforestation of marginal farmland.’’. 9

(d) COST SHARING.—Section 504 of the Healthy 10

Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6574) is 11

amended by adding at the end the following: 12

‘‘(e) COST-SHARE PERMITTED.—In the case of land 13

enrolled in the healthy forest reserve program for the pur-14

pose of promoting the restoration of marginal farmland 15

or degraded forestland into healthy forest ecosystems, the 16

Secretary of Agriculture may pay up to 75 percent for the 17

cost of practices determined necessary for restoration or 18

afforestation of such land.’’. 19

SEC. 106. NATIONAL FOREST FOUNDATION ACTIVITIES. 20

(a) ADDING CARBON STORAGE TO THE NATIONAL 21

FOREST FOUNDATION.—The National Forest Foundation 22

Act (16 U.S.C. 583j et seq.) is amended— 23

(1) in section 402(b)— 24

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25 

•HR 5859 IH

(A) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘and’’ at 1

the end; 2

(B) in paragraph (3), by striking the pe-3

riod at the end and inserting a semicolon; and 4

(C) by adding at the end the following: 5

‘‘(4) encourage, accept, and administer private 6

gifts of money, and of real and personal property for 7

the benefit of, or in connection with, the of the tar-8

gets for increased total domestic wood growth estab-9

lished under section 101 of the ‘Trillion Trees Act’; 10

and 11

‘‘(5) carry out the Pinchot Medal for forest res-12

toration under section 410.’’; 13

(2) in section 405, by striking ‘‘410’’ both 14

places it appears and inserting ‘‘411’’; 15

(3) by redesignating section 410 as section 411; 16

and 17

(4) by inserting after section 409 the following: 18

‘‘SEC. 410. PINCHOT MEDAL FOR FOREST RESTORATION. 19

‘‘(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Foundation shall, in 20

consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, establish 21

an award to be known as the ‘Pinchot Medal for Forest 22

Restoration’ to recognize outstanding contributions in do-23

mestic reforestation activities carried out by individuals, 24

communities, nonprofit organizations, and corporations. 25

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26 

•HR 5859 IH

‘‘(b) NUMBER OF AWARDS.—The Foundation shall 1

award the Pinchot Medal for Forest Restoration at least 2

once a year. 3

‘‘(c) LEVELS OF AWARDS.—The Foundation shall, in 4

consultation with Secretary of Agriculture, establish mul-5

tiple levels of awards reflecting various levels of contribu-6

tions outlined in subsection (e). 7

‘‘(d) ADMINISTRATION OF AWARD.—The Foundation 8

shall administer the award, including developing a website 9

and media presence to highlight recipients and to track 10

their contribution towards the targets for increased total 11

domestic wood growth established under section 101 of the 12

Trillion Trees Act. 13

‘‘(e) CONSIDERATIONS.—In awarding the Pinchot 14

Medal for Forest Restoration to an entity under this sec-15

tion, the Foundation shall consider— 16

‘‘(1) the number of acres planted or restored by 17

such entity; 18

‘‘(2) the amount of carbon stored by reforest-19

ation activities of such entity; 20

‘‘(3) the educational impact of the reforestation 21

activities of such entity; and 22

‘‘(4) the total value of any donations by such 23

entity to the Foundation.’’. 24

(b) FIFTH GRADE FORESTRY CHALLENGE.— 25

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27 

•HR 5859 IH

(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—The National Forest 1

Foundation (in this subsection referred to as ‘‘the 2

Foundation’’) shall establish an educational grant 3

program, in consultation with the Secretary, to be 4

known as the ‘‘5th Grade Forestry Challenge’’ to 5

make grants to eligible recipients to— 6

(A) provide 5th grade students with a 7

seedling to plant on Federal, State, or Local 8

lands; 9

(B) educate students about forestry, forest 10

management, active stewardship, and carbon 11

storage; and 12

(C) encourage, accept, and administer pri-13

vate gifts of money, technical expertise, and of 14

real and personal property for the benefit of 15

this program. 16

(2) ELIGIBLE RECIPIENTS.—The following enti-17

ties are eligible to receive a grant under this sub-18

section: 19

(A) A local educational agency. 20

(B) A nonprofit entity that the Secretary 21

determines has a demonstrated history of com-22

munity engagement and education on natural 23

resource issues. 24

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28 

•HR 5859 IH

(C) Other recipients as the Secretary de-1

termines to be appropriate. 2

(3) COORDINATION.—In carrying out the pro-3

gram required by this subsection, the Foundation 4

may coordinate on an ongoing basis with appropriate 5

Federal, State, Tribal, and local resource manage-6

ment departments, local education agencies, private 7

citizens, and corporations to— 8

(A) identify lands suitable for reforest-9

ation; 10

(B) encourage, accept, and administer pri-11

vate gifts of money, technical expertise, and of 12

real and personal property for the benefit of 13

this program; 14

(C) manage and maintain reforested lands; 15

and 16

(D) further educate students and the pub-17

lic about forestry and forest carbon storage. 18

(4) REPORT REQUIRED.—Not later than 2 19

years after the date on which the Foundation estab-20

lishes the grant program under this subsection, the 21

Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Natural 22

Resources of the House of Representatives and the 23

Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the 24

Senate a report on the determination of the Sec-25

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29 

•HR 5859 IH

retary as to whether the grant program is a finan-1

cially effective means to educate students in the 2

fields described in subparagraph (1)(B). 3

(5) DEFINITION OF LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 4

AGENCY.—In this subsection, the term ‘‘local edu-5

cational agency’’ has the meaning given that term in 6

section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Edu-7

cation Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801). 8

SEC. 107. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE PROGRAM. 9

(a) FORESTRY INCLUDED.—Section 2402(c)(2) of 10

the Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990 (7 11

U.S.C. 6701(c)(2)) is amended by inserting ‘‘and for-12

estry’’ after ‘‘agriculture’’. 13

(b) STUDY OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE, AGRI-14

CULTURE, AND FORESTRY.—Section 2403(b) of the Glob-15

al Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 16

6702(b)) is amended— 17

(1) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the 18

end; 19

(2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at 20

the end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and 21

(3) by adding at the end the following: 22

‘‘(4) identify and address programs which could 23

lead to increased carbon storage through sustainable 24

forest products.’’. 25

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30 

•HR 5859 IH

(c) OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY.—Section 1

2405 of the Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 2

1990 (7 U.S.C. 6704) is amended— 3

(1) in subsection (c)— 4

(A) in paragraph (2), by striking the 5

‘‘and’’ at the end; 6

(B) in paragraph (3), by striking the pe-7

riod at the end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and 8

(C) by adding at the end the following: 9

‘‘(4) identify and implement programs which 10

lead to increased carbon storage globally, a healthy 11

international forest ecology, and a globally sustain-12

able wood products market.’’. 13

(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—Section 14

2412 of the Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 15

1990 (7 U.S.C. 6710) is amended by striking ‘‘1991 16

through 1997’’ and inserting ‘‘2020 through 2025’’. 17

SEC. 108. INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY COOPERATION. 18

Section 602(b)(1) of the International Forestry Co-19

operation Act of 1990 (16 U.S.C. 4501(b)(1)) is amend-20

ed— 21

(1) in subparagraph (G), by striking ‘‘and’’ at 22

the end; 23

(2) in subparagraph (H), by inserting ‘‘and’’ at 24

the end; and 25

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31 

•HR 5859 IH

(3) by adding at the end the following: 1

‘‘(I) carbon storage activities, including re-2

forestation and afforestation programs;’’. 3

SEC. 109. INTERNATIONAL ENGAGEMENT. 4

(a) IN GENERAL.—To the maximum extent prac-5

ticable, the Administrator of the United States Agency for 6

International Development shall prioritize programs to 7

support forestation and reforestation, and to prevent de-8

forestation, in developing countries and in regions that 9

have experienced significant levels of deforestation or 10

whose biodiversity, local economy, and stability would be 11

significantly impacted by deforestation or loss of forest 12

canopy cover around the world. 13

(b) COORDINATION.—In carrying out the programs 14

authorized by this subsection, the Administrator shall, to 15

the maximum extent practicable, make use of public-pri-16

vate partnerships to facilitate engagement by nonprofit or-17

ganizations and industry partners. 18

(c) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Administrator may enter 19

into an agreement with a non-profit organization to estab-20

lish an ‘‘International Forest Foundation’’, which shall 21

not be an agency or instrumentality of the United States 22

Government. 23

(d) PURPOSES.—The purposes of the Foundation 24

shall be— 25

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32 

•HR 5859 IH

(1) to encourage, accept, and administer private 1

gifts of money and of real and personal property for 2

the benefit of, or in connection with, the activities 3

and services carried out by the United States Agen-4

cy for International Development to promote foresta-5

tion, reforestation, and the prevention of deforest-6

ation around the world; 7

(2) use private funds to support, undertake, 8

and conduct activities that further the goals estab-9

lished in section 101 of this Act; and 10

(3) undertake, conduct, and encourage edu-11

cational, technical, and other assistance, and other 12

activities, that support international goals to in-13

crease global carbon sequestration through the pro-14

motion of healthy forests and responsible forest 15

management. 16

(e) TRANSFER OF FUNDS; LIABILITY.— 17

(1) TRANSFER OF FUNDS.—The Administrator 18

may authorize, pursuant to an agreement entered 19

into in accordance with paragraph (3), the transfer 20

of funds of the United States Agency for Inter-21

national Development to a nonprofit organization for 22

the purpose of offsetting any administrative costs of 23

the Foundation. 24

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33 

•HR 5859 IH

(2) LIABILITY.—The United States shall not be 1

liable for any debts, defaults, acts, or omissions of 2

the Foundation. The full faith and credit of the 3

United States shall not extend to any obligations of 4

the Foundation. 5

SEC. 110. MODIFICATIONS TO AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 6

TROPICAL FORESTS. 7

Section 118 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 8

(22 U.S.C. 2151p–1) is amended as follows: 9

(1) In subsection (a)(2), by inserting ‘‘, includ-10

ing by reducing global carbon sequestration’’ before 11

the period at the end. 12

(2) In subsection (c)(1), by inserting ‘‘, refor-13

estation,’’ after ‘‘conservation’’. 14

(3) In subsection (c)(2)(A), by inserting ‘‘and 15

impact on global carbon emissions’’ after ‘‘irrevers-16

ible losses’’. 17

(4) In subsection (c)(6), by inserting ‘‘(includ-18

ing projects to increase carbon sequestration)’’ after 19

‘‘sustainable forestry projects and practices’’. 20

(5) In subsection (c)(8), by inserting ‘‘carbon 21

sequestration,’’ after ‘‘soil conservation,’’. 22

(6) In subsection (f), by inserting ‘‘and a study 23

on the total carbon sequestered through increases in 24

tropical forest stocks globally as a result of pro-25

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34 

•HR 5859 IH

grams, projects and activities carried out under this 1

section’’ before the period at the end. 2

TITLE II—CARBON SEQUESTRA-3
TION THROUGH IMPROVED 4
FOREST MANAGEMENT AC-5
TIVITIES 6

SEC. 201. CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH LAND USE 7

PLANNING; SUPPLEMENTS TO PROGRAMMAT-8

IC ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS. 9

(a) DEFINITIONS.— 10

(1) COVERED LAND.—The term ‘‘covered land’’ 11

means public lands that are not excluded from forest 12

management practices as a result of—— 13

(A) public lands administered by the Sec-14

retary concerned; 15

(B) a land use plan established under the 16

Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 17

1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.); 18

(C) inclusion in the National Wilderness 19

Preservation System; 20

(D) inclusion within a National or State- 21

specific inventoried roadless area established by 22

the Secretary concerned, unless— 23

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35 

•HR 5859 IH

(i) the forestry management activity 1

to be carried out is consistent with the for-2

est plan applicable to the area; or 3

(ii) the Secretary concerned deter-4

mines the forest management activity is al-5

lowed under the roadless rule governing 6

such lands; or 7

(E) on which timber harvesting for any 8

purposing is prohibited by Federal statute. 9

(2) WILDLAND-URBAN INTERFACE PROTECTION 10

PROJECTS.—The term ‘‘Wildland-Urban Interface 11

Protection Projects’’ means any forest or rangeland 12

management project which takes place within the 13

boundaries, or adjacent to, an at-risk community (as 14

defined in section 101 of the Healthy Forest Res-15

toration Act (16 U.S.C. 6511)). 16

(3) WATERSHED PROTECTION PROJECTS.—The 17

term ‘‘watershed protection project’’ means any for-18

est or rangeland management project with the pri-19

mary objective of— 20

(A) protecting a municipal water source; 21

(B) increasing water quality; 22

(C) increasing water yield; or 23

(D) any combination of the purposes speci-24

fied in subparagraphs (A) through (C). 25

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36 

•HR 5859 IH

(4) CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS.— 1

The term ‘‘critical infrastructure projects’’ means 2

any forest or rangeland management project with 3

the primary objective of— 4

(A) reducing wildfire ignition along trans-5

portation and transmission corridors; 6

(B) protecting public infrastructure from 7

wildfire; 8

(C) removing hazard trees and other haz-9

ardous fuel from transmission corridors; or 10

(D) any combination of the purposes speci-11

fied in subparagraphs (A) through (C). 12

(5) WILDLIFE HABITAT RESTORATION 13

PROJECTS.—The term ‘‘wildlife habitat restoration 14

project’’ means any forest or rangeland management 15

project with the primary objective of— 16

(A) wildlife habitat improvement; 17

(B) protecting, improving, and enhancing 18

management with respect to critical habitat as 19

defined under section 4 of the Endangered Spe-20

cies Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1533); or 21

(C) any combination of the purposes speci-22

fied in subparagraphs (A) and (B). 23

(b) PRIORITY AREAS.— 24

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37 

•HR 5859 IH

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretaries shall estab-1

lish priority areas on covered lands for wildland- 2

urban interface protection, watershed protection, 3

critical infrastructure, and wildlife habitat restora-4

tion projects. 5

(2) DEADLINE.— 6

(A) WILDLAND-URBAN INTERFACE PRO-7

TECTION PROJECTS.—For wildland-urban inter-8

face protection projects, the Secretaries shall 9

establish priority areas as soon as practical, but 10

not later than 36 months after the date of the 11

enactment of this section. 12

(B) WATERSHED PROTECTION 13

PROJECTS.—For watershed protection projects, 14

the Secretaries shall establish priority areas as 15

soon as practical, but not later than 60 months 16

after the date of the enactment of this section. 17

(C) CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE 18

PROJECTS.—For critical infrastructure projects, 19

including transportation and transmission cor-20

ridors, the Secretaries shall establish priority 21

areas as soon as practical, but not later than 60 22

months after the date of the enactment of this 23

section. 24

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38 

•HR 5859 IH

(D) WILDLIFE HABITAT RESTORATION 1

PROJECTS.—For Wildlife Habitat Restoration 2

Projects, the Secretaries shall establish priority 3

areas as soon as practical, but not later than 60 4

months after the date of the enactment of this 5

section. 6

(3) PRIORITIZATION.—For all projects listed 7

under paragraph (2), the Secretaries shall prioritize 8

projects which— 9

(A) apply to land classified as high or ex-10

treme risk of wildfire; 11

(B) are in close proximity to critical infra-12

structure, watersheds, reservoirs, and aquifers; 13

and 14

(C) will— 15

(i) increase storage capacity of carbon 16

through new wood growth; or 17

(ii) reduce carbon emissions that re-18

sult from tree mortality or wildfires. 19

(4) REVIEW AND MODIFICATION.—Not less fre-20

quently than once every 5 years, the Secretary con-21

cerned shall— 22

(A) review the current priority areas and 23

reassess priorities based on shifting fire risk, 24

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39 

•HR 5859 IH

increased development in the Wildland-Urban 1

Interface, and project success; and 2

(B) based on such review, add, modify, or 3

eliminate priority areas. 4

(5) COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVI-5

RONMENTAL POLICY ACT.—For purposes of the Na-6

tional Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 7

4321 et seq.), the designation of each priority area 8

described in paragraph (2) shall not be considered a 9

separate major Federal action. 10

(6) COORDINATION AND CONSULTATION.—The 11

Secretary concerned shall coordinate and consult 12

with appropriate State, Tribal, and local govern-13

ments, electrical transmission infrastructure owners 14

and operators, developers, and other appropriate en-15

tities to ensure that priority areas identified by the 16

Secretary are— 17

(A) economically viable; 18

(B) likely to avoid or minimize conflict 19

with habitat for animals and plants, rec-20

reational users, cultural resources, and other 21

uses of covered land; and 22

(C) consistent with section 202 of the Fed-23

eral Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 24

(43 U.S.C. 1712). 25

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40 

•HR 5859 IH

(7) ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW ON COVERED 1

LAND.— 2

(A) IN GENERAL.—If the Secretary deter-3

mines that a proposed forest or rangeland man-4

agement project has been sufficiently analyzed 5

by a previously completed environmental impact 6

statement, the Secretary shall not require any 7

additional review under the National Environ-8

mental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 9

seq.). 10

(B) ADDITIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RE-11

VIEW.—If the Secretary determines that addi-12

tional environmental review under the National 13

Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 14

4321 et seq.) is necessary for a forest or range-15

land management project, the Secretary con-16

cerned shall rely on the analysis in any relevant 17

environmental impact statement conducted 18

when analyzing the potential impacts of the 19

project. 20

(8) REPORT TO CONGRESS.— 21

(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than Feb-22

ruary 1 of the first fiscal year beginning after 23

the date of the enactment of this section, and 24

each February 1 thereafter, the Secretary shall 25

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41 

•HR 5859 IH

submit to the Committee on Energy and Nat-1

ural Resources of the Senate and the Com-2

mittee on Natural Resources of the House of 3

Representatives a report describing the progress 4

made under the programs established under 5

this section during the preceding year. 6

(B) INCLUSIONS.—Each report under this 7

section shall include— 8

(i) stored carbon projections for forest 9

or rangeland management projects; and 10

(ii) a description of any problems re-11

lating to leasing, permitting, siting, or pro-12

duction with respect to carrying out this 13

section. 14

SEC. 202. EMISSIONS CONSIDERATION OF MANAGEMENT 15

INJUNCTIONS. 16

(a) BALANCING SHORT- AND LONG-TERM EFFECTS 17

OF FOREST MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES IN CONSIDERING 18

INJUNCTIVE RELIEF.—In considering any motion for eq-19

uitable relief (including injunctive relief) applicable to a 20

Federal agency action taken as part of a forest manage-21

ment activity, a court shall consider the effect on the eco-22

system affected by the forest management activity of— 23

(1) the short-term and long-term effects if the 24

agency action is carried out, including the potential 25

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42 

•HR 5859 IH

decreased carbon storage through stand stagnation; 1

and 2

(2) the short-term and long-term effects of not 3

carrying out the action, including the potential for 4

increased carbon emission due to wildfire. 5

(b) LIFECYCLE ANALYSIS.—The court reviewing the 6

agency action shall consider the lifecycle analysis of carbon 7

storage developed by the Secretary under section 103(b). 8

(c) TIME LIMITATIONS FOR INJUNCTIVE RELIEF.— 9

(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to paragraph (2), 10

the length of any preliminary injunctive relief or 11

stay pending appeal applicable to any Federal agen-12

cy action as part of a forest management activity, 13

may not exceed 60 days. 14

(2) RENEWAL.— 15

(A) IN GENERAL.—A court may issue one 16

or more renewals of any preliminary injunction 17

or stay pending appeal granted under sub-18

section (a). 19

(B) UPDATES.—In each motion for re-20

newal of an injunction in an action, the parties 21

to the action shall present the court with up-22

dated information on the status of the author-23

ized forest management activity. 24

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43 

•HR 5859 IH

SEC. 203. STORING CARBON ON STATE AND PRIVATE FOR-1

ESTS. 2

(a) ADDING SEQUESTRATION AS A PRIORITY.—Sec-3

tion 2(b) of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 4

1978 (16 U.S.C. 2101) is amended— 5

(1) by redesignating subparagraphs (6) through 6

(10) as subparagraphs (7) through (11), respec-7

tively; and 8

(2) by inserting after paragraph (5) the fol-9

lowing: 10

‘‘(6) the encouragement of reforestation and re-11

lated carbon sequestration;’’. 12

(b) SUPPORT FOR STATE ASSESSMENTS AND STRAT-13

EGIES FOR FOREST RESOURCES WHEN CONSIDERING 14

CARBON EMISSIONS.—Section 2A(a)(1) of the Coopera-15

tive Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 16

2101a(a)(1)) is amended— 17

(1) by redesignating subparagraph (C) and (D) 18

as subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively; and 19

(2) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the fol-20

lowing: 21

‘‘(C) the current amount of carbon stored 22

on State lands and opportunities for increased 23

storage;’’. 24

(c) CARBON STORAGE THROUGH THE FOREST STEW-25

ARDSHIP PROGRAM.—Section 5(d)(1) of the Cooperative 26

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44 

•HR 5859 IH

Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103a(d)) is 1

amended by inserting ‘‘carbon sequestration and storage’’ 2

before ‘‘and the aesthetic’’. 3

(d) CARBON STORAGE THROUGH THE FOREST LEG-4

ACY PROGRAM.—Section 7 of the Cooperative Forestry 5

Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103c) is amended by 6

striking subsection (e) and inserting the following: 7

‘‘(e) ELIGIBILITY.—Not later than November 28, 8

1991, and in consultation with State Forest Stewardship 9

Coordinating Committees established under section 19(b) 10

and similar regional organizations, the Secretary shall es-11

tablish eligibility criteria for the designation of forest 12

areas from which lands may be entered into the Forest 13

Legacy Program and subsequently select such appropriate 14

areas. To be eligible, such areas shall have significant en-15

vironmental values or amount of carbon stored or shall 16

be threatened by present or future conversion to nonforest 17

uses. Of land proposed to be included in the Forest Legacy 18

Program, the Secretary shall give priority to lands which 19

can be effectively protected and managed; areas which can 20

be managed as a working landscape benefitting the local 21

economy; or areas which have important scenic or rec-22

reational values; riparian areas; fish and wildlife values, 23

including threatened and endangered species; or other eco-24

logical values.’’. 25

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45 

•HR 5859 IH

(e) CARBON STORAGE THROUGH THE COMMUNITY 1

FOREST AND OPEN SPACE CONSERVATION PROGRAM.— 2

Section 7A(c)(1)(B)(ii) of the Cooperative Forestry As-3

sistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103d(c)(1)(B)(ii)) is 4

amended by inserting ‘‘, carbon sequestration,’’ before 5

‘‘and wildlife’’. 6

(f) CARBON STORAGE THROUGH THE PROMOTION OF 7

FOREST HEALTH.—Section 8(a) of the Cooperative For-8

estry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2104(a)) is 9

amended— 10

(1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through 11

(6) as paragraphs (5) through (7); and 12

(2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the fol-13

lowing: 14

‘‘(4) protect or enhance carbon stored on 15

healthy forestland;’’. 16

(g) CARBON STORAGE THROUGH URBAN AND COM-17

MUNITY FORESTRY.—Section 9(d)(3) of the Cooperative 18

Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2105(d)(3)) 19

is amended— 20

(1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ‘‘and’’ at 21

the end; 22

(2) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ‘‘and’’ at 23

the end; and 24

(3) by inserting at the end the following: 25

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46 

•HR 5859 IH

‘‘(E) identifying opportunities to increase 1

carbon stored through afforestation and sci-2

entific urban forestry management;’’. 3

(h) CARBON STORAGE THROUGH THE REDUCTION 4

OF CATASTROPHIC WILDFIRE.—Section 10A(b)(1) of the 5

Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 6

2106c(b)(1)) is amended— 7

(1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ‘‘and’’ at 8

the end; 9

(2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period 10

and inserting ‘‘and’’ at the end; and 11

(3) by inserting at the end the following: 12

‘‘(E) to educate the public about the car-13

bon stored in healthy forests and carbon emit-14

ted through wildfire and forest decline.’’. 15

(i) CARBON STORAGE THROUGH THE STATE AND 16

PRIVATE FOREST LANDSCAPE-SCALE RESTORATION.— 17

Section 13A of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act 18

of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2109a) is amended— 19

(1) in subsection (e)— 20

(A) in paragraph (6), by striking ‘‘and’’ at 21

the end; 22

(B) by redesignating paragraph (7) as 23

paragraph (8); and 24

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47 

•HR 5859 IH

(C) by inserting after paragraph (6) the 1

following: 2

‘‘(7) to improve the carbon storage potential of 3

such forests; and’’; and 4

(2) in subsection (l), by amending paragraph 5

(3) to read as follows: 6

‘‘(3) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.— 7

There is authorized to be appropriated to the Fund 8

$25,000,000 for each fiscal year beginning with the 9

first full fiscal year after the date of the enactment 10

of the Trillion Trees Act through fiscal year 2025, 11

to remain available until expended.’’. 12

SEC. 204. CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH THE GOOD 13

NEIGHBOR AUTHORITY. 14

Section 8206 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (16 15

U.S.C. 2113a) is amended— 16

(1) in subsection (a)(4)(A)— 17

(A) in clause (ii), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the 18

end; 19

(B) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause 20

(iv); and 21

(C) by inserting after clause (ii) the fol-22

lowing: 23

‘‘(iii) activities to increase stored car-24

bon; and’’; and 25

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48 

•HR 5859 IH

(2) in subsection (b)(2), by amending subpara-1

graph (C) to read as follows: 2

‘‘(C) TREATMENT OF REVENUE.—Funds 3

received from the sale of timber by a Governor 4

of a State under a good neighbor agreement 5

shall be retained and used by the Governor to 6

carry out authorized restoration services on 7

Federal land under the good neighbor agree-8

ment.’’. 9

SEC. 205. CARBON SEQUESTRATION RESEARCH PROGRAMS. 10

Section 3 of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable 11

Resources Research Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1642) is 12

amended— 13

(1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the 14

following: 15

‘‘(6) Renewable resource assessment research 16

shall include, as appropriate, research activities re-17

lated to the sequestration of carbon, including the 18

increased carbon storage through afforestation, re-19

forestation, forest and rangeland management, and 20

the utilization of wood and other materials derived 21

from forest and rangeland renewable resources to 22

store carbon in building materials, industrial and 23

consumer products.’’; and 24

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49 

•HR 5859 IH

(2) in subsection (d)(2), by adding at the end 1

the following: 2

‘‘(F) Carbon sequestration.’’. 3

TITLE III—MARKET INCENTIVES 4
FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION 5

SEC. 301. SUSTAINABLE BUILDING AND RESIDENCE CRED-6

IT. 7

(a) IN GENERAL.—Subpart B of part IV of sub-8

chapter A of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 9

1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new 10

section: 11

‘‘SEC. 30E. SUSTAINABLE BUILDING AND RESIDENCE CRED-12

IT. 13

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—There shall be allowed as a cred-14

it against the tax imposed by this chapter for the taxable 15

year an amount equal to the sustainabililty percentage of 16

the taxpayer’s purchase price of a qualifying building or 17

residence. 18

‘‘(b) APPLICABLE PERCENTAGE.—For purposes of 19

this section— 20

‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The sustainability percent-21

age with respect to any building or residence shall 22

be a percentage equal to the lesser of— 23

‘‘(A) the percentage by which the sustain-24

ability score for such building or residence ex-25

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50 

•HR 5859 IH

ceeds the average sustainability score for the 1

class to which such building or residence be-2

longs, or 3

‘‘(B) 25 percent. 4

‘‘(2) SUSTAINABILITY SCORING.— 5

‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year 6

after the date of the enactment of this section, 7

the Secretary (in consultation with the Sec-8

retary of Energy) shall establish— 9

‘‘(i) a certification process for deter-10

mining a sustainability score with respect 11

to any building for purposes of the credit 12

allowed under this section, and 13

‘‘(ii) an average sustainability score 14

for different classes of buildings for pur-15

poses of the comparison under subsection 16

(b)(1)(A). 17

‘‘(B) FACTORS FOR SCORE.—Such score 18

shall at least take into account the following 19

factors: 20

‘‘(i) The energy required to produce 21

and deliver materials used in construction 22

of the building, measured by the estimated 23

tonnage of carbon emitted. 24

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51 

•HR 5859 IH

‘‘(ii) The energy required to operate 1

the building on a yearly basis, measured by 2

an estimate the tonnage of carbon dioxide 3

emitted. 4

‘‘(iii) The amount of carbon dioxide 5

retained by the building which could other-6

wise be released into the atmosphere, tak-7

ing into account building construction ma-8

terials and processes and continuing use or 9

disposal of carbon dioxide in connection 10

with the use of the building. 11

‘‘(iv) The climate in which the build-12

ing is located. 13

‘‘(C) AVERAGE SUSTAINABILITY.—The 14

classes for which average sustainability scores 15

are determined shall at least take into account 16

the following distinguishing characteristics: 17

‘‘(i) Residential and commercial build-18

ings. 19

‘‘(ii) Multi-family and single-family 20

residential. 21

‘‘(iii) The size, volume, and intended 22

use of the building. 23

‘‘(D) UPDATES.—The Secretary (in con-24

sultation with the Secretary of Energy) shall 25

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52 

•HR 5859 IH

update the sustainability scoring and the sus-1

tainability score averages established under sub-2

paragraph (A) not less frequently than once 3

every 5 calendar years. 4

‘‘(E) ADVISORY BOARD.—The Secretary 5

shall establish a volunteer board that advises 6

the Secretary on the sustainability score devel-7

opment and updates. Such board shall be ap-8

pointed at the discretion of the Secretary and 9

shall include experts in relevant fields, including 10

energy, construction, transportation, agricul-11

ture, and labor. 12

‘‘(c) OTHER DEFINITIONS AND SPECIAL RULES.— 13

‘‘(1) PURCHASE PRICE.—The term ‘purchase 14

price’ means so much of the adjusted basis of the 15

property as is not attributable to land. 16

‘‘(2) QUALIFYING BUILDING.—The term ‘quali-17

fying building or residence’ means, with respect to a 18

taxpayer— 19

‘‘(A) any dwelling unit first used as a resi-20

dence by the taxpayer, or 21

‘‘(B) any other building or structure of a 22

character subject to the allowance for deprecia-23

tion and first placed in service by the taxpayer. 24

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53 

•HR 5859 IH

‘‘(3) CONSTRUCTION.—Any qualifying building 1

or residence constructed by the taxpayer shall be 2

treated as purchased by the taxpayer on the date the 3

taxpayer first occupies the residence, or places such 4

building in service, as the case may be. 5

‘‘(4) TRANSFER OF CREDIT.— 6

‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—If a taxpayer elects 7

the application of this paragraph for any tax-8

able year, the amount of credit determined 9

under this section for such year which would 10

(but for this paragraph) be allowable to the tax-11

payer shall be allowable to the person des-12

ignated by the taxpayer. The person so des-13

ignated shall be treated as the taxpayer for pur-14

poses of this title. 15

‘‘(B) TREATMENT OF AMOUNTS PAID FOR 16

ASSIGNMENT.—If any amount is paid to the 17

person who assigns the credit determined under 18

this section, then no portion of such amount 19

shall be includible in such person’s gross in-20

come. 21

‘‘(5) BASIS ADJUSTMENT.—For purposes of 22

this subtitle, if a credit is allowed under this section 23

with respect to any qualified building or residence, 24

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54 

•HR 5859 IH

the basis of such building or residence shall be re-1

duced by the amount of the credit so allowed. 2

‘‘(6) APPLICATION WITHOUT CREDITS.— 3

‘‘(A) BUSINESS CREDIT TREATED AS PART 4

OF GENERAL BUSINESS CREDIT.—So much of 5

the credit which would be allowed under sub-6

section (a) for any taxable year (determined 7

without regard to this paragraph) that is attrib-8

utable to property of a character subject to an 9

allowance for depreciation shall be treated as a 10

credit listed in section 38(b) for such taxable 11

year (and not allowed under subsection (a)). 12

‘‘(B) PERSONAL CREDIT.—For purposes of 13

this title, the credit allowed under subsection 14

(a) for any taxable year (determined after ap-15

plication of subparagraph (A)) shall be treated 16

as a credit allowable under subpart A for such 17

taxable year. 18

‘‘(7) CARBON STORAGE CERTIFICATION.— 19

Under the certification process established under 20

subsection (b)(2)(A), the Secretaries shall addition-21

ally establish a process for certifying to the taxpayer 22

the amount of carbon dioxide stored by a building or 23

residence as determined under (b)(2)(B)(iii).’’. 24

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55 

•HR 5859 IH

(b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections 1

for subpart B of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 2

of such Code is amended by adding at the end the fol-3

lowing new item: 4

‘‘Sec. 30E. Sustainable building and residence credit.’’. 

(c) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendments made by 5

this section shall apply to property purchased after De-6

cember 31, 2020. 7

SEC. 302. CARBON NEUTRALITY OF SUSTAINABLE BIOMASS. 8

To support the key role that forests in the United 9

States can play in addressing the energy needs of the 10

United States, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary, 11

the Secretary of Energy, and the Administrator of the En-12

vironmental Protection Agency shall, consistent with their 13

legal authority and missions— 14

(1) collaborate to ensure that Federal policy re-15

lating to forest bioenergy— 16

(A) is consistent across all such respective 17

Federal agencies; and 18

(B) recognizes all the benefits of using for-19

est biomass for energy, conservation, carbon 20

storage, and responsible forest management; 21

(2) not later than 2 years after the date of the 22

enactment of this Act, establish policies for the use 23

of forest biomass as an energy solution, including 24

policies that— 25

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56 

•HR 5859 IH

(A) reflect the carbon-neutrality of forest 1

bioenergy and recognize biomass as a renewable 2

energy source, provided the use of forest bio-3

mass for energy production does not cause con-4

version of forests to non-forest use; and 5

(B) encourage private investment through-6

out the forest biomass supply chain, including 7

in— 8

(i) working forests; 9

(ii) harvesting operations; 10

(iii) forest improvement operations; 11

(iv) forest bioenergy production; 12

(v) wood products manufacturing; or 13

(vi) paper manufacturing; 14

(3) encourage forest management to improve 15

forest health; and 16

(4) recognize State and Tribal initiatives to 17

produce and use forest biomass. 18

SEC. 303. CLARIFICATION OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOP-19

MENT PROGRAM FOR CELLULOSIC BIO-20

CHEMICAL AND BIOPLASTICS. 21

(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct per-22

formance-driven research and development and provide for 23

education and technical assistance for the purpose of fa-24

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57 

•HR 5859 IH

cilitating the use of cellulosic biochemical and bioplastics 1

products in the United States. 2

(b) ACTIVITIES.—In carrying out subsection (a), the 3

Secretary shall— 4

(1) after collaboration with the wood products 5

industry, conservation organizations, and institutions 6

of higher education, conduct research and develop-7

ment, and provide for education and technical assist-8

ance, at the Forest Products Laboratory or through 9

the State and Private Forestry deputy area that 10

meets measurable performance goals for the achieve-11

ment of the priorities listed in subsection (c); and 12

(2) after coordination and collaboration with 13

the entities referred to in paragraph (1), make com-14

petitive grants to institutions of higher education for 15

such institutions to conduct research and develop-16

ment and carry out educational programs and pro-17

vide technical assistance. 18

(c) PRIORITIES.—In awarding grants under sub-19

section (b)(2), the Secretary shall give priority to applica-20

tions from institutions of higher education proposing 21

projects— 22

(1) to address ways to improve the commer-23

cialization of cellulosic biochemical and bioplastics 24

products; 25

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58 

•HR 5859 IH

(2) for the conduct of applied research, includ-1

ing projects designed to bring products from bench-2

top to production scale; 3

(3) which, based upon the lifecycle analysis of 4

carbon storage developed under section 103(b), will 5

lead to an increase in carbon storage through the ex-6

traction of raw materials through the manufacture 7

of biochemical and bioplastics products; or 8

(4) to address one or more other research areas 9

identified by the Secretary, in consultation with con-10

servation organizations, institutions of higher edu-11

cation, and the wood products industry. 12

(d) TIMEFRAME.—To the maximum extent prac-13

ticable, the measurable performance goals for the research 14

and development, education, and technical assistance 15

under subsection (a) shall be achievable within 5 years. 16

(e) DEFINITIONS.—In this section: 17

(1) CELLULOSIC BIOCHEMICAL PRODUCT.—The 18

term ‘‘cellulosic biochemical product’’ means any 19

biochemical, including bioethanol and its derivatives, 20

that is derived from wood or plant cellulose fiber. 21

(2) CELLULOSIC BIOPLASTICS PRODUCT.—The 22

term ‘‘cellulosic bioplastics product’’ means any bio-23

plastic that is derived from wood or plant cellulose 24

fiber. 25

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59 

•HR 5859 IH

(3) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—The 1

term ‘‘institution of higher education’’ has the 2

meaning given such term in of section 101 of the 3

Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001). 4

(4) SECRETARY.—The term ‘‘Secretary’’ means 5

the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Re-6

search and Development deputy area and the State 7

and Private Forestry deputy area of the Forest 8

Service. 9

Æ 

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		Superintendent of Documents
	2020-02-20T03:48:04-0500
	US GPO, Washington, DC 20401
	Superintendent of Documents
	GPO attests that this document has not been altered since it was disseminated by GPO
        

Picture Name From Date Type
Bruce Westerman R-AR 02/12/2020 Sponsor
Don Young R-AK 02/26/2020 Cosponsor
Robert Wittman R-VA 02/12/2020 Cosponsor
Joe Wilson R-SC 03/11/2020 Cosponsor
Greg Walden R-OR 03/02/2020 Cosponsor
Tim Walberg R-MI 03/12/2020 Cosponsor
Glenn Thompson R-PA 03/04/2020 Cosponsor
Steve Stivers R-OH 02/12/2020 Cosponsor
Elise Stefanik R-NY 03/12/2020 Cosponsor
Pete Stauber R-MN 02/12/2020 Cosponsor
John Shimkus R-IL 03/04/2020 Cosponsor
Kurt Schrader D-OR 03/02/2020 Cosponsor
1 to 12 of 38 Desc 12
Date Branch Action
02/26/2020 President Committee Hearings Held.Action By: Committee on Natural Resources
02/25/2020 President Referred to the Subcommittee on Conservation and Forestry.Action By: Committee on Agriculture
02/12/2020 President Referred to the Committee on Agriculture, and in addition to the Committees on Foreign Affairs, Natural Resources, and Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.Action By: House of Representatives
02/12/2020 President Introduced in HouseAction By: House of Representatives
Summary
Congress - Bill Number Major Title
Branch Vote Date Yes No Not Voting
Wiki






Bill TEXT Points.
This Bill has been listed with the following Subjects from Texts:
Authorization
(d)
Authorization of appropriations
Section 2412 of the Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990 (7 U

Climate
Global climate change program
(a)
Forestry included
Section 2402(c)(2) of the Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990 (7 U

Department of Agriculture
(5)
Administrative Support, Technical Services, and Staff Support
The Secretary shall make personnel of the Department of Agriculture available to the task force for administrative support, technical services, and staff support the Secretary determines necessary to carry out this section

Education
(5)
Definition of local educational agency
In this subsection, the term local educational agency has the meaning given that term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U


End Bill TEXT Points.
Date Bill Major Title
Committee Name
Subject Type