Introduced in House Passed House Introduced in Senate Passed Senate To President Became Law
02/13/2020          

Great Lakes Winter Commerce Act of 2020

Date Version PDF TXT
02/13/2020 Introduced in House Open

            I 

116TH CONGRESS 
2D SESSION H. R. 5896 

To amend title 14, United States Code, to require the Coast Guard to 
conduct icebreaking operations in the Great Lakes to minimize commer-
cial disruption in the winter months, and for other purposes. 

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

FEBRUARY 13, 2020 
Mr. GALLAGHER (for himself, Ms. KAPTUR, Mrs. DINGELL, and Mr. GIBBS) 

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure 

A BILL 
To amend title 14, United States Code, to require the Coast 

Guard to conduct icebreaking operations in the Great 
Lakes to minimize commercial disruption in the winter 
months, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-1

tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 2

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. 3

This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Great Lakes Winter 4

Commerce Act of 2020’’. 5

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2 

•HR 5896 IH

SEC. 2. GREAT LAKES ICEBREAKING OPERATIONS. 1

(a) IN GENERAL.—Subchapter IV of chapter 5 of 2

title 14, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 3

end the following: 4

‘‘§ 564. Great Lakes icebreaking operations 5

‘‘(a) ICEBREAKING OPERATIONS.—The Commandant 6

shall conduct icebreaking operations in the Great Lakes 7

in accordance with the standard for icebreaking operations 8

under subsection (b). 9

‘‘(b) STANDARD FOR ICEBREAKING OPERATIONS.— 10

In carrying out subsection (a)— 11

‘‘(1) except as provided in paragraph (2), the 12

Commandant shall keep channels and harbors in the 13

Great Lakes open to navigation not less than 90 14

percent of the hours that commercial vessels transit 15

ice-covered waterways; and 16

‘‘(2) in a year in which the Great Lakes are not 17

open to navigation because of ice of a thickness that 18

occurs on average only once every 10 years, the 19

Coast Guard shall keep channels and harbors in the 20

Great Lakes open to navigation at least 70 percent 21

of the hours that commercial vessels transit ice-cov-22

ered waterways. 23

‘‘(c) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—Not later than July 1 24

of each year, the Commandant shall submit to Congress 25

a report on the icebreaking operations conducted by the 26

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3 

•HR 5896 IH

Coast Guard in the Great Lakes for the most recent fiscal 1

year for which data are available. 2

‘‘(d) COORDINATION WITH INDUSTRY.—The Com-3

mandant shall coordinate Great Lakes icebreaking oper-4

ations with operators of commercial vessels. 5

‘‘(e) ICEBREAKING IN CANADA.— 6

‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Coast Guard shall not 7

break ice in Canadian harbors or bays unless the re-8

quirements of subsection (b) will be met during such 9

activity. 10

‘‘(2) WAIVER AUTHORITY.—The Commandant 11

may waive the prohibition in paragraph (1) on a 12

case-by-case basis upon the approval of the Sec-13

retary for such waiver and notification to Congress 14

of such waiver. 15

‘‘(f) DEFINITIONS.—For the purposes of this section: 16

‘‘(1) COMMERCIAL VESSEL.—The term ‘com-17

mercial vessel’ means any privately owned cargo ves-18

sel of at least 500 tons operating in the Great Lakes 19

during the winter season. 20

‘‘(2) GREAT LAKES.—The term ‘Great Lakes’ 21

has the meaning given such term in section 118 of 22

the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 23

1268). 24

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4 

•HR 5896 IH

‘‘(3) ICE-COVERED WATERWAY.—The term ‘ice- 1

covered waterway’ means any portion of the Great 2

Lakes in which commercial vessels operate that is 70 3

percent or greater covered by ice, but does not in-4

clude any waters adjacent to piers or docks for 5

which commercial icebreaking services are available. 6

‘‘(4) OPEN TO NAVIGATION.—The term ‘open to 7

navigation’ means navigable to the extent necessary 8

to meet the reasonable demands of commerce, mini-9

mize delays to passenger ferries, extricate vessels 10

and persons from danger, prevent damage due to 11

flooding, and conduct other Coast Guard missions as 12

required. 13

‘‘(5) REASONABLE DEMANDS OF COMMERCE.— 14

The term ‘reasonable demands of commerce’ means 15

the safe movement of commercial vessels transiting 16

ice-covered waterways in the Great Lakes at a speed 17

of 3 knots or greater.’’. 18

(b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of analysis 19

for such chapter is amended by adding at the end the fol-20

lowing: 21

‘‘564. Great Lakes icebreaking operations.’’. 

(c) REPORT.—Not later than the first July 1 after 22

the first winter in which the Commandant of the Coast 23

Guard is subject to the requirements of section 564 of title 24

14, United States Code, such Commandant shall submit 25

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5 

•HR 5896 IH

to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 1

of the House and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 2

and Transportation of the Senate, a report on the cost 3

to the Coast Guard of meeting the requirements of such 4

section. 5

Æ 

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		Superintendent of Documents
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	GPO attests that this document has not been altered since it was disseminated by GPO
        

Picture Name From Date Type
Mike Gallagher R-WI 02/13/2020 Sponsor
Pete Stauber R-MN 02/26/2020 Cosponsor
Mike Quigley D-IL 03/02/2020 Cosponsor
Marcy Kaptur D-OH 02/13/2020 Cosponsor
David Joyce R-OH 03/02/2020 Cosponsor
Bob Gibbs R-OH 02/13/2020 Cosponsor
Debbie Dingell D-MI 02/13/2020 Cosponsor
Date Branch Action
02/14/2020 President Referred to the Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation.Action By: Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
02/13/2020 President Referred to the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.Action By: House of Representatives
02/13/2020 President Introduced in HouseAction By: House of Representatives
Summary
There is one summary for H.R.5896. View summaries Shown Here:Introduced in House (02/13/2020) Great Lakes Winter Commerce Act of 2020 This bill directs the U.S. Coast Guard to conduct icebreaking operations in the Great Lakes in accordance with specific performance standards. Specifically, the Coast Guard must keep channels and harbors in the Great Lakes open to navigation not less than 90% of the hours that commercial vessels transit ice-covered waterways; in a year in which the Great Lakes are not open to navigation because of ice of a thickness that occurs on average only once every 10 years, keep channels and harbors open to navigation at least 70% of the hours that commercial vessels transit ice-covered waterways; and coordinate Great Lakes icebreaking operations with operators of commercial vessels. The bill prohibits the Coast Guard from breaking ice in Canadian harbors or bays unless it meets these performance standards during such activity. Such prohibition may be waived on a case-by-case basis upon approval by the Department of Homeland Security and notification to Congress.
Shown Here:Introduced in House (02/13/2020) Great Lakes Winter Commerce Act of 2020 This bill directs the U.S. Coast Guard to conduct icebreaking operations in the Great Lakes in accordance with specific performance standards. Specifically, the Coast Guard must keep channels and harbors in the Great Lakes open to navigation not less than 90% of the hours that commercial vessels transit ice-covered waterways; in a year in which the Great Lakes are not open to navigation because of ice of a thickness that occurs on average only once every 10 years, keep channels and harbors open to navigation at least 70% of the hours that commercial vessels transit ice-covered waterways; and coordinate Great Lakes icebreaking operations with operators of commercial vessels. The bill prohibits the Coast Guard from breaking ice in Canadian harbors or bays unless it meets these performance standards during such activity. Such prohibition may be waived on a case-by-case basis upon approval by the Department of Homeland Security and notification to Congress.
Congress - Bill Number Major Title
Branch Vote Date Yes No Not Voting
Wiki







Bill TEXT Points.
This Bill has been listed with the following Subjects from Texts:
Canada
(e)Icebreaking in Canada(1)In generalThe Coast Guard shall not break ice in Canadian harbors or bays unless the requirements of subsection (b) will be met during such activity

Congress
(c)Report to CongressNot later than July 1 of each year, the Commandant shall submit to Congress a report on the icebreaking operations conducted by the Coast Guard in the Great Lakes for the most recent fiscal year for which data are available

House of Representatives
House of Representatives 2020-02-13 text/xml EN Pursuant to Title 17 Section 105 of the United States Code, this file is not subject to copyright protection and is in the public domain

Infrastructure
Gibbs) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Transportation and InfrastructureA BILLTo amend title 14, United States Code, to require the Coast Guard to conduct icebreaking operations in the Great Lakes to minimize commercial disruption in the winter months, and for other purposes


End Bill TEXT Points.
Date Bill Major Title
Committee Name
Subject Type