|Introduced in House||Passed House||Introduced in Senate||Passed Senate||To President||Became Law|
Hong Kong Be Water Act
116 HR 5725 IH: Hong Kong Be Water Act U.S. House of Representatives 2020-01-30 text/xml EN Pursuant to Title 17 Section 105 of the United States Code, this file is not subject to copyright protection and is in the public domain. 1. This Act may be cited as the. Hong Kong Be Water Act 2. In this Act: (1) The term appropriate congressional committeesmeans— (A) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Armed Services, the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on the Judiciary, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Armed Services, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on the Judiciary, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives. (2) The term Basic Lawmeans the Basic Law of Hong Kong. (3) The term foreign personmeans an individual or entity that is not a United States person. (4) The term Hong Kongmeans the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China. (5) The term Joint Declarationmeans the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong, done at Beijing December 19, 1984. (6) The term knowingly, with respect to conduct, a circumstance, or a result, means that a person has actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the circumstance, or the result. (7) The term nationalhas the meaning given that term in section 101(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act ( 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)). (8) The term United States personmeans— (A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence to the United States; or (B) an entity organized under the laws of the United States or of any jurisdiction within the United States, including a foreign branch of such an entity. 3. Congress makes the following findings: (1) In February 2019, the Government of Hong Kong proposed theFugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019(in this section referred to as theextradition bill). (2) The extradition bill would have allowed for the extradition of individuals from Hong Kong to the mainland of the People's Republic of China for the first time and offered minimal if any legal recourse to those individuals identified for extradition. (3) The extradition bill was but the latest example of the steady encroachment of the Government of the People’s Republic of China on the freedoms guaranteed to the people of Hong Kong under the Joint Declaration and the Basic Law. (4) Millions of the people of Hong Kong have taken to the streets in peaceful protests since the introduction of the extradition bill in order to defend Hong Kong’s democracy against predations by the Government of the People’s Republic of China, as enabled by Government of Hong Kong. (5) The Government of Hong Kong has responded to those peaceful protests with force and brutality, including by authorizing the use by the police of tear gas, water cannons, rubber bullets, and beatings, resulting in the arrests and injuries of thousands of people. (6) On October 1, 2019, the Hong Kong police fired live ammunition at a teenage protestor, marking a dangerous escalation in the Hong Kong police force’s use of force against protestors. (7) The Government of Hong Kong has invoked the Emergency Regulations Ordinance in order to expand the powers available to Hong Kong’s police as they suppress protesters. (8) The Government of Hong Kong has coopted or coerced local companies like MTR Corporation Limited and Cathay Pacific Airways Limited into facilitating the suppression of protests by denying protestors’ access to reliable train services and terminating staff who support the pro-democracy movement. (9) The Government of Hong Kong continues to defy peaceful protestors’ rightful demands for the resignation of Chief Executive of Hong Kong Carrie Lam, an impartial inquiry into police brutality, and greater democratic freedoms, as guaranteed to the people of Hong Kong by the Government of the People’s Republic of China. (10) The unwillingness of the Government of Hong Kong to meet protestors’ demands is a direct product of its role, not as a representative or protector of the people of Hong Kong, but rather as a proxy for the regime of the Communist Party of China in Beijing, which has demonstrated its intent to impose its will on Hong Kong, including through paramilitary or military force. (11) The approach of that regime to Hong Kong is not fundamentally dissimilar from the approach the regime has taken elsewhere in the Indo-Pacific region and beyond, including by using economic threats to compel Air Canada, Air France, Apple, Audi, Blizzard Entertainment, British Airways, Calvin Klein, Christian Dior, Coach, Dolce & Gabbana, Google, Malaysia Airlines, Marriott Hotels, the National Basketball Association, Qantas Airlines, Swarovski, Tiffany & Co., and Versace into remaining silent in response to its treatment of protestors in Hong Kong. 4. It is the sense of Congress that— (1) the Government of the People’s Republic of China has willfully violated the terms of the Joint Declaration and the Basic Law; (2) the steady encroachment of the Government of the People’s Republic of China on the freedoms and democracy of the people of Hong Kong reflects the fundamentally totalitarian nature of the regime of the Communist Party of China; and (3) the totalitarian ambitions of the Communist Party of China do not end in the territory of the mainland of the People's Republic of China, but rather extend to the remainder of the Indo-Pacific region, as part of a broader hegemonic vision that would see the Government of the People’s Republic of China exert domineering influence over the interests and behavior of other countries in that region. 5. (a) Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and as appropriate thereafter, the President shall impose the sanctions described in subsection (c) with respect to each foreign person described in subsection (b) if the President has credible information that the foreign person has knowingly suppressed or facilitated the suppression of the freedoms of speech, association, assembly, procession, or demonstration of the people of Hong Kong, as guaranteed under Article 27 of the Basic Law. (b) A foreign person described in this subsection is a foreign person who is— (1) a current or former official of the Government of Hong Kong; (2) a current or former official of the Government of the People’s Republic of China; or (3) acting on behalf of, or in cooperation with, an official of either such Government. (c) The sanctions described in this subsection are the sanctions described in section 1263(b) of the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act (subtitle F of title XII of Public Law 114–328; 22 U.S.C. 2656note). (d) Not later than 15 days after imposing sanctions under subsection (a), the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report regarding measures taken to implement this section. (e) This section shall terminate on the date on which the President determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that the Government of Hong Kong is no longer suppressing, or complicit in the suppression of, the freedoms of speech, association, assembly, procession, and demonstration of the people of Hong Kong. 6. (a) Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and as appropriate thereafter, the President shall exercise all powers granted by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act ( 50 U.S.C. 1701et seq.) to the extent necessary to block or prohibit all transactions in property and interests in property of each foreign person described in subsection (b) that the President determines has attempted to undermine the autonomy, basic liberties, and human rights of the people of Hong Kong, if such property and interests in property are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a United States person. (b) A foreign person described in this subsection is— (1) a national of the People's Republic of China; (2) an entity owned or controlled by the Government of the People's Republic of China; or (3) an individual who is a member of the board of directors, an executive officer, or a senior official of an entity described in paragraph (2). (c) The requirements of section 202 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act ( 50 U.S.C. 1701) shall not apply for purposes of this section. 7. (a) The requirement to impose sanctions under sections 5 and 6 shall not apply with respect to activities to provide humanitarian assistance to the people of Hong Kong. (b) The requirement to impose sanctions under sections 5 and 6 shall not apply with respect to activities subject to the reporting requirements under title V of the National Security Act of 1947 ( 50 U.S.C. 3091et seq.), or any authorized intelligence activities of the United States. (c) (1) The authorities and requirements to impose sanctions authorized under this Act shall not include the authority or requirement to impose sanctions on the importation of goods. (2) In this subsection, the term goodmeans any article, natural or manmade substance, material, supply or manufactured product, including inspection and test equipment, and excluding technical data. (d) The President may waive the imposition of sanctions under section 5 or 6 with respect to a foreign person if the President determines and reports to the appropriate congressional committees that the waiver is— (1) in the national security interests of the United States; or (2) necessary to prevent undue economic harm to the people of Hong Kong. 8. (a) The President may exercise all authorities provided to the President under sections 203 and 205 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act ( 50 U.S.C. 1702and 1704) to carry out this Act. (b) The President shall issue such regulations, licenses, and orders as are necessary to carry out this section. (c) A person that violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of section 5 or 6 or any regulation, license, or order issued to carry out either such section shall be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act ( 50 U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act described in subsection (a) of that section.
|01/30/2020||President||Referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and in addition to the Committee on the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.Action By: House of Representatives|
|01/30/2020||President||Introduced in HouseAction By: House of Representatives|