|Introduced in House||Passed House||Introduced in Senate||Passed Senate||Became Law|
Computer trespass; expands the crime.
Expands the crime of computer trespass to provide that the prohibited actions that constitute computer trespass are criminalized if done through intentionally deceptive means and without authority and specifies that a computer hardware or software provider, an interactive computer service, or a telecommunications or cable operator does not have to provide notice of its activities to a computer user that a reasonable computer user should expect may occur.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:
1. That � 18.2-152.4 of the Code of Virginia is amended and reenacted as follows:
� 18.2-152.4. Computer trespass; penalty.
shall be is unlawful for any person,
with malicious intent, or through
intentionally deceptive means and without authority, to:
1. Temporarily or permanently remove, halt, or otherwise disable any computer data, computer programs or computer software from a computer or computer network;
2. Cause a computer to malfunction, regardless of how long the malfunction persists;
3. Alter, disable, or erase any computer data, computer programs or computer software;
4. Effect the creation or alteration of a financial instrument or of an electronic transfer of funds;
5. Use a computer or computer network to cause physical injury to the property of another;
6. Use a computer or computer network to make or cause to be made an unauthorized copy, in any form, including, but not limited to, any printed or electronic form of computer data, computer programs or computer software residing in, communicated by, or produced by a computer or computer network;
8. Install or cause to be installed, or collect information
through, computer software that records all or a majority of the keystrokes
made on the computer of another
computer owners authorization; or
9. Install or cause to be installed on the computer of another, computer software for the purpose of (i) taking control of that computer so that it can cause damage to another computer or (ii) disabling or disrupting the ability of the computer to share or transmit instructions or data to other computers or to any related computer equipment or devices, including but not limited to printers, scanners, or fax machines.
B. Any person who violates this section is guilty of computer
shall be is a Class 1 misdemeanor. Any
person who violates this section for the purposes of affecting a computer that
is exclusively for the use of, or exclusively used by or for, (i) the
Commonwealth or any local government within the Commonwealth or any department
or agency thereof or (ii) a provider of telephone, including wireless or voice
over Internet protocol, oil, electric, gas, sewer, wastewater, or water service
to the public is guilty of a Class 6 felony. If there is damage to the property
of another valued at $1,000 or more caused by such persons act done with malicious intent in
violation of this section, the offense shall be is a Class 6 felony. If a
person, with malicious
intent, installs or causes to be
installed computer software in violation of this section on more than five
computers of another, the offense shall be is a Class 6 felony. If a
person violates subdivision A 8 with malicious
intent, the offense shall be is a Class 6 felony.
C. Nothing in this section shall be construed to interfere with or prohibit terms or conditions in a contract or license related to computers, computer data, computer networks, computer operations, computer programs, computer services, or computer software or to create any liability by reason of terms or conditions adopted by, or technical measures implemented by, a Virginia-based electronic mail service provider to prevent the transmission of unsolicited electronic mail in violation of this article. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the monitoring of the location of a minor or a person with a disability or mental impairment as those terms are defined in � 51.5-40.1 or to prohibit the monitoring of the computer usage of, the otherwise lawful copying of data of, or the denial of computer or Internet access to a minor by a parent or legal guardian of the minor. Nothing in this section shall be construed to require notice to a computer user of the activities of a computer hardware or software provider, an interactive computer service, or a telecommunications or cable operator that a reasonable computer user should expect may occur in the context of a computer users transaction or relationship with that entity or that are required or specifically authorized by law.
2. That the provisions of this act may result in a net increase in periods of imprisonment or commitment. Pursuant to � 30-19.1:4 of the Code of Virginia, the estimated amount of the necessary appropriation is $0 for periods of imprisonment in state adult correctional facilities and cannot be determined for periods of commitment to the custody of the Department of Juvenile Justice.
|01/24/2020||Senate||Senate: Assigned Juciciary sub: Criminal Law|
|01/08/2020||Senate||Senate: Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/08/20 20101866D|
|01/08/2020||Senate||Senate: Referred to Committee on the Judiciary|