|Introduced in House||Passed House||Introduced in Senate||Passed Senate||Became Law|
Custodial interrogations; recording.
Provides that any law-enforcement officer shall, if practicable, make an audiovisual recording of any custodial interrogation of a person conducted in a place of detention. The bill provides that if an audiovisual recording is unable to be made, the law-enforcement officer shall make an audio recording of the custodial interrogation. The bill provides that the failure of a law-enforcement officer to make such a recording shall not affect the admissibility of the statements made during the custodial interrogation, but the court or jury may consider such failure in determining the weight given to such evidence. This bill is a recommendation of the Virginia Criminal Justice Conference.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:
1. That the Code of Virginia is amended by adding a section numbered 19.2-390.04 as follows:
� 19.2-390.04. Custodial interrogations; recording.
A. For purposes of this section:
"Custodial interrogation" means any interview conducted by a law-enforcement officer in such circumstances that would lead a reasonable person to consider himself to be in custody associated with arrest and during which the law-enforcement officer takes actions or asks questions that are reasonably likely to elicit responses from the person that could incriminate him.
"Place of detention" means a police station, sheriffs office, jail, detention center, or other similar facility in which suspects may be detained.
B. A law-enforcement officer conducting a custodial interrogation of any person at a place of detention shall cause an audiovisual recording of [ the entirety of ] such custodial interrogation to be made. If such law-enforcement officer is unable to cause an audiovisual recording of [ the entirety of ] such custodial interrogation to be made, the law-enforcement officer shall cause an audio recording of [ the entirety of ] such custodial interrogation to be made.
This subsection shall not apply when a law-enforcement officer conducting a custodial interrogation [ at a place of detention ] has good cause not to record such custodial interrogation. Good cause shall include those circumstances where (i) the recording equipment fails, (ii) the recording equipment is unavailable, or (iii) exigent circumstances relating to public safety exist that prevent the recording of such custodial interrogation.
C. The failure of a law-enforcement officer to cause an audiovisual or audio recording to be made in accordance with subsection B shall not affect the admissibility of the statements made by the subject of the custodial interrogation, but such failure may be considered in determining the weight given to such evidence.
D. Any audiovisual or audio recording made pursuant to subsection B shall be preserved until such time as (i) the person is acquitted or the charges against the person are otherwise dismissed and further prosecution of such charges is prohibited by law or (ii) if convicted or adjudicated delinquent, the person has completed service of his sentence and any modification of sentence, including any period or condition of probation, parole, or suspension of sentence, and all appeals and habeas corpus proceedings have been completed or the time for filing such appeals or habeas corpus proceedings has expired.
|01/30/2020||House||House: Printed as engrossed 20101713D-E|
|01/27/2020||House||House: Reported from Courts of Justice with amendments (20-Y 0-N)|
|01/22/2020||House||House: Subcommittee recommends reporting with amendments (8-Y 0-N)|
|01/17/2020||House||House: Assigned Courts sub: Criminal|
|01/07/2020||House||House: Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/08/20 20101713D|
|01/07/2020||House||House: Referred to Committee for Courts of Justice|