|Introduced in House||Passed House||Introduced in Senate||Passed Senate||Became Law|
Common interest communities; Virginia Real Estate Time-Share Act.
Amends language in the Virginia Real Estate Time-Share Act to clarify the use of the terms "project" and "program" as they relate to registration of a time-share program. The bill also differentiates between a time-share and time-share interest, defined in the bill, and removes unused definitions. The bill contains technical amendments.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:
� 55.1-2200. Definitions.
As used in this chapter, or in a time-share instrument, unless the context requires a different meaning:
"Additional land" means all land that a time-share developer has identified as land that may be added to a time-share project.
"Affiliate" means a person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the person specified.
"Alternative purchase" means anything valued in excess of $100 that is offered to a potential purchaser by the developer during the developers sales presentation and that is purchased by such potential purchaser for more than $100, even though the purchaser did not purchase a time-share interest. An alternative purchase is not a time-share interest. A membership camping contract as defined in � 59.1-313 is not an alternative purchase. An alternative purchase shall be registered with the Board unless it is otherwise registered as a travel service under the Virginia Travel Club Act (� 59.1-445 et seq.) and shall include vacation packages, however denominated, and exit programs, however denominated.
"Association" means the association organized under the provisions of � 55.1-2209.
"Board" means the Common Interest Community Board.
"Board of directors" means an executive and administrative entity, by whatever name denominated, designated in a time-share instrument as the governing body of the time-share estate owners association.
"Common elements" means the real estate,
improvements on such real estate, and the personalty situated within the
time-share project that are subject to the time-share program. "Common
elements" does not include the time-share
units and the
time-shares time-share interests. "Consumer documents"
means the aggregate of the following documents: the reverter deed, the note,
the deed of trust, and any document that is to be provided to consumers in
connection with an offering.
"Contact information" means any information that can
be used to contact
an owner a person, including the owners
persons name, address, telephone number, email address, or
user identity on any electronic networking service.
"Contract," "sales contract,"
"purchase contract," "contract of purchase," or
"contract to purchase," which shall be interchangeable throughout
this chapter, means any legally binding instrument executed by the developer
and a purchaser by which the developer is obligated to sell and the purchaser
is obligated to purchase either a time-share
its incidental benefits
interest or an alternative purchase
registered under this chapter.
"Conversion time-share project" means a real estate improvement that, prior to the disposition of any time-share interest, was wholly or partially occupied by persons as their permanent residence or on a transient pay-as-you-go basis other than those who have contracted for the purchase of a time-share interest and those who occupy with the consent of such purchasers.
"Cost of ownership" means all of the owners expenses related to a resale time-share due between the date of a resale transfer contract and the transfer of the resale time-share.
"Deed" means the instrument by which title to a time-share estate is transferred from one person to another person.
"Deed of trust" means the instrument conveying the time-share estate that is given as security for the payment of the note.
"Default" means either a failure to have made any payment in full and on time or a violation of a performance obligation required by a consumer document for a period of no less than 60 days.
"Developer" means any person or group of persons
acting in concert that (i) offers to dispose of a time-share
or its interest in a time-share unit for which
there has not been a previous disposition or (ii) applies for registration of
the time-share program.
"Developer control period" means a period of time during which the developer or a managing agent selected by the developer manages and controls the time-share project and the common elements and units it comprises.
"Development right" means any right reserved by the developer to create additional units that may be dedicated to the time-share program.
"Dispose" or "disposition" means a transfer of a legal or equitable interest in a time-share interest, other than a transfer or release of security for a debt.
"exchange company" means a person that exchanges
or offers to exchange time-shares time-share interests in an
exchange program with other time-shares time-share interests.
"Exchange program" means any opportunity or
procedure for the assignment or exchange of
time-shares time-share interests
among owners in other time-share programs as evidenced by a past or present
written agreement executed between an exchange company and the developer or the
time-share estate association; however, an "exchange program" shall
not be either an incidental benefit or an opportunity or procedure by which a
time-share owner can exchange his time-share
interest for another time-share
interest within either the same time-share project or another time-share
project owned in part by the developer.
"Guest" means (i) a person who is on the time-share project, additional
land, or development at the request of an owner, developer, association, or
managing agent or (ii) a person otherwise legally entitled to be on
time-share project, additional land, or development.
"Guest" includes family members of owners; time-share exchange
participants; merchants, purveyors, or vendors; and employees of such merchants,
purveyors, and vendors; the developer; or the association.
"Incidental benefit" means anything valued in excess of $100 provided by the developer that is acquired by a purchaser upon acquisition of a time-share interest and includes exchange rights, travel insurance, bonus weeks, upgrade entitlements, travel coupons, referral awards, and golf and tennis packages. An incidental benefit is not a time-share interest or an exchange program. An incidental benefit shall not be registered with the Board.
"Inherent risks of project activity" means those dangers or conditions that are an integral part of a project activity, including certain hazards, such as surface and subsurface conditions; natural conditions of land, vegetation, and waters; the behavior of wild or domestic animals; and ordinary dangers of structures or equipment ordinarily used in association or time-share project operations. "Inherent risks of project activity" also includes the potential of a participant to act in a negligent manner that may contribute to injury to the participant or others, including failing to follow instructions given by the project professional or failing to exercise reasonable caution while engaging in the project activity.
"Lead dealer" means a person that sells or otherwise
provides to any other person contact information concerning five or more owners
to be used for a resale service. "Lead dealer" does not mean
developers, managing entities, or exchange companies to the extent that such
entities are providing other persons with personal contact information about
time-share owners in their own time-share
or members of their own exchange program.
"Lien holder" means either a person that holds an interest in an encumbrance that is not released of record as to a purchaser or such persons successor in interest that acquires title to the time-share project at foreclosure, by deed in lieu of foreclosure, or by any other instrument however denominated.
"Managing agent" means a person that undertakes the duties, responsibilities, and obligations of the management of a time-share project.
"Managing entity" means the managing agent or, if there is no managing agent, the time-share owners association in a time-share estate project and the developer in a time-share use project.
"Material change" means a change in any information or document disclosed in or attached to the public offering statement that renders inaccurate, incomplete, or misleading any information or document in such a way as to affect substantially a purchasers rights or obligations, but does not include a change (i) in the real estate tax assessment or rate, utility charges or deposits, maintenance fees, association dues, assessments, special assessments, or any recurring time-share expense item, provided that such change is made known (a) immediately to the prospective purchaser by a written addendum in the public offering statement and (b) to the Board by filing with the developers annual report copies of the updated changes occurring over the immediately preceding 12 months; (ii) that is an aspect or result of the orderly development of the time-share project in accordance with the time-share instrument; (iii) resulting from new, updated, or amended information contained in the annual report prepared and distributed pursuant to � 55.1-2213; (iv) correcting spelling, grammar, omissions, or other similar errors not affecting the substance of the public offering statement; or (v) occurring in the issuance of an exchange companys updated annual report or disclosure document, provided that, upon its receipt by the developer, it shall be distributed in lieu of all others in order to satisfy � 55.1-2217.
"Note" means the instrument that evidences the debt occasioned by the deferred purchase of a time-share interest.
"Offering" or "offer" means any act that originates in the Commonwealth to sell, solicit, induce, or advertise, whether by radio, television, telephone, newspaper, magazine, or mail, during which a person is given an opportunity to acquire a time-share interest.
"Participant" means any person, other than a project professional, that engages in a project activity.
"Person" means one or more natural persons, corporations, partnerships, associations, trustees of a trust, limited liability companies, or other entities, or any combination thereof, capable of holding title to real property.
"Possibility of reverter" means a provision contained in a reverter deed by which the time-share estate automatically reverts or transfers back to the developer upon satisfaction of the requirements imposed by � 55.1-2222.
"Product" means each time-share
its incidental benefits
program and all alternative purchases
that are registered with the Board pursuant to this chapter.
"Project activity" means any activity carried out or conducted on a common element, within a time-share unit or elsewhere in the time-share project, additional land, or development, that allows owners, their guests, and members of the general public to view, observe, participate, or enjoy activities. "Project activity" includes swimming pools, spas, sporting venues, and cultural, historical, or harvest-your-own activities; other amenities and events; or natural activities and attractions for recreational, entertainment, educational, or social purposes. Such activity is a project activity whether or not the participant paid to participate in the activity.
"Project professional" means any person that is engaged in the business of providing one or more project activities, whether or not for compensation. For the purposes of this definition, the developer, association, and managing entity shall each be deemed a project professional.
"Public offering statement" means the statement required by � 55.1-2217.
"Purchaser" means any person other than a developer
or lender that owns or acquires a
product time-share or alternative purchase
or that otherwise enters into a contract for the purchase of a product
time-share or alternative purchase. "Resale cost of
ownership" means all of the owners expenses related to a resale
time-share due between the date of a resale transfer contract and the transfer
of such resale time-share.
"Resale purchase contract" means an agreement negotiated by a reseller by which an owner or a reseller agrees to sell, and a subsequent purchaser agrees to buy, a resale time-share.
"Resale service" means engaging, directly or
indirectly, for compensation, in any of the following either in person or by
any medium of communication: (i) selling or offering to sell or list for sale
for the owner a resale time-share, (ii) buying or offering to buy a resale
time-share for transfer to a subsequent purchaser, (iii) transferring a resale
time-share acquired from an owner to a subsequent purchaser or offering to
assist in such transfer, (iv) invalidating or offering to invalidate for
time-share owner the title of a resale time-share, or (v)
advertising or soliciting to advertise or promote the transfer or invalidation
of a resale time-share. Resale service does not include an individuals selling
or offering to sell his own time-share unit.
"Resale time-share" means a time-share interest, wherever located,
that has previously been sold to
an a time-share owner who is a
natural person for personal, family, or household use and that is transferred,
or is intended to be transferred, through a resale service.
"Resale transfer contract" means an agreement between a reseller and the time-share owner by which the reseller agrees to transfer or assist in the transfer of the time-share owners resale time-share.
"Reseller" means any person who, directly or indirectly, engages in a resale service.
"Reverter deed" means the deed from a developer to a grantee that contains a possibility of reverter.
"Sales person" means a person who sells or offers to sell time-share interests in a time-share program.
"Situs" means the place outside the Commonwealth where a developers time-share project is located.
"Subsequent purchaser" means the purchaser or transferee of a resale time-share.
"Time-share" means either a time-share estate or a time-share use plus its incidental benefits.
"Time-share estate" means a right to occupy a time-share unit or any of
several time-share units during five
or more separated time periods over a period of at least five years, including
renewal options, coupled with a freehold estate or an estate for years in
or more time-share project units or a specified portion
of such time-share project units.
"Time-share estate occupancy expense" means all costs and expenses incurred in (i) the formation, organization, operation, and administration, including capital contributions thereto, of the association and both its board of directors and its members and (ii) all time-share owners use and occupancy of the time-share estate project, including without limitation its completed and occupied time-share estate units and common elements available for use. Such costs and expenses include maintenance and housekeeping charges; repairs; refurbishing costs; insurance premiums, including the premium for comprehensive general liability insurance required by subdivision 8 of � 55.1-2209; taxes; properly allocated labor, operational, and overhead costs; general and administrative expenses; the managing agents fee; utility charges and deposits; the cost of periodic repair and replacement of walls and window treatments and furnishings, including furniture and appliances; filing fees and annual registration charges of the State Corporation Commission and the Board; attorney fees and accountant charges; and reserves for any of the foregoing.
"Time-share estate subject to reverter" means a time-share estate (i) entitling the holder thereof to occupy units not more than four weeks in any one-year period and (ii) for which the down payment is not more than 20 percent of the total purchase price of the time-share estate.
"Time-share expense" means (i) expenditures, fees, charges, or liabilities incurred with respect to the operation, maintenance, administration, or insuring of the time-shares, units, and common elements comprising the entire time-share project, whether or not incurred for the repair, renovation, upgrade, refurbishing, or capital improvements, and (ii) any allocations of reserves.
"Time-share instrument" or
"project instrument" means any document, however denominated,
that creates the time-share project and program and that may contain
restrictions or covenants regulating the use, occupancy, or disposition of
time-shares time-share interests in a
"Time-share interest" means the interest acquired by a purchaser in a time-share.
"Time-share owner" or "owner" means a person that is an owner or co-owner of a time-share interest other than as security for an obligation.
"Time-share program" or
"program" means any arrangement of
time-shares time-share interests
in one or more time-share projects by which the use, occupancy, or possession
of real property has been made subject to either a time-share estate or time-share
use in which such use, occupancy, or possession circulates among owners of the time-shares time-share interests according
to a fixed or floating time schedule on a periodic basis occurring over any
period of time in excess of five years.
"Time-share project" or "project" means all of the real property subject to a time-share program created by the execution of a time-share instrument.
"Time-share unit" or
"unit" means the real property or real property improvement in
a time-share project that is divided
time-shares time-share interests and
designated for separate occupancy and use.
"Time-share use" means a right to occupy a
time-share unit or any of several time-share units during five or more
separated time periods over a period of at least five years, including renewal
options, not coupled with a freehold estate or an estate for years in a
time-share project or a specified portion of such time-share project.
"Time-share use" does not mean a right
to use that is subject to a first-come, first-served, space-available basis as
might exist in a country club, motel, hotel, health spa, campground, or
membership or resort facility.
"Transfer" means a voluntary conveyance of a resale time-share to a person other than the developer, association, or managing entity of the time-share program of which the resale time-share is a part or to a person taking ownership by gift, foreclosure, or deed in lieu of foreclosure.
� 55.1-2201. Applicability.
A. This chapter shall have exclusive jurisdiction and shall apply to any product offering or disposition made within the Commonwealth after July 1, 1985, in a time-share project located within the Commonwealth. Sections 55.1-2200, 55.1-2201, 55.1-2202, 55.1-2203, 55.1-2204, 55.1-2206, 55.1-2210, 55.1-2211, 55.1-2213, 55.1-2215, 55.1-2216, 55.1-2220, 55.1-2227, 55.1-2229, 55.1-2230, 55.1-2232, 55.1-2233, 55.1-2237, and 55.1-2252 shall apply to a time-share project within the Commonwealth that was created prior to July 1, 1985.
B. This chapter shall not affect rights or obligations created by preexisting provisions of any time-share instrument that transfers an estate or interest in real property.
C. This chapter shall apply to any product offering or disposition in a time-share project located outside the Commonwealth and offered for sale in the Commonwealth with the exception that Articles 2 (� 55.1-2207 et seq.), 3 (� 55.1-2217 et seq.), and 4 (� 55.1-2235 et seq.) shall apply only to the extent permitted by the laws of the situs.
D. This chapter shall apply to any product offering or disposition in a time-share program, and offered for sale in the Commonwealth, created under a situs time-sharing law in which the time-share interests in the time-share program are either direct or indirect beneficial interests in a trust created pursuant to the situs time-sharing law or other applicable law of the situs.
� 55.1-2217. Public offering statement.
A. Prior to the execution of a contract
the purchase of a time-share to
purchase a time-share interest, the developer shall prepare
and distribute to each prospective purchaser a copy of the current public
offering statement regarding the time-share
program. The public offering statement shall (i) fully and
accurately disclose the material characteristics of the time-share project
program registered under this chapter and such time-share interest offered and (ii) make
known to each prospective purchaser all material circumstances affecting such
program. A developer need not make joint disclosures
concerning two or more time-share projects owned by the developer or any
related entity unless such projects are included in the same time-share program
and marketed jointly at any of the time-share projects. The proposed public
offering statement shall be filed with the Board and shall be in a form
prescribed by its regulations. The public offering statement may limit the
information provided for the specific time-share project to which the
developers registration relates. The public offering statement shall include
the following only to the extent that a given disclosure is applicable:
1. The name and principal address of the developer
and the time-share project registered with the
Board about which the public offering statement relates,
a. The name, principal occupation, and address of every director, partner, limited liability company manager, or trustee of the developer;
b. The name and address of each person owning or controlling
an interest of 20 percent or more in each time-share project
registered with the Board included in the registration;
c. The particulars of any indictment, conviction, judgment, or
order of any court or administrative agency against the developer or managing
entity for violation of a federal, state, local, or foreign country law or
regulation in connection with activities relating to
sales of time-share
sales interests, land sales, land
investments, security sales, construction or sale of homes or improvements, or
any similar or related activity;
d. The nature of each unsatisfied judgment, if any, against
the developer or the managing entity, the status of each pending action
involving the sale or management of real estate to which the developer, the
managing entity, or any general partner, executive officer, director, limited
liability company manager, or majority stockholder thereof is a defending
party, and the status of each pending action, if any, of significance to any
registered with the
Board included in the registration;
e. The name and address of the developers agent for service of any notice permitted by this chapter.
2. A general description of the time-share
included in the time-share program
registered with the Board and. The description shall include the address of each
the units, and common elements for each project promised
available to purchasers, including the developers estimated schedule of
commencement and completion of all promised and incomplete
time-share units and common elements.
3. As to
time-share interests offered by the developer:
a. The form of time-share ownership offered in the
project registered with the Board time-share program;
b. The types, duration, and number of units and
time-shares time-share interests in the project registered with the
Board time-share program;
c. Identification of time-share units that are subject to the time-share program;
d. The estimated number of time-share units that may become subject to the time-share program;
e. Provisions, if any, that have been made for public utilities in the time-share project including water, electricity, telephone, and sewerage facilities;
f. A statement to the effect of whether or not the developer has
reserved the right to add to or delete from the time-share program a time-share
project or any incidental benefit
g. If the developer utilizes the possibility of reverter, a statement to that effect referring the purchaser to the reverter deed for an explanation of such possibility of reverter.
4. In a time-share estate program, a copy of the annual report
or budget required by � 55.1-2213, which copy may take the form of an exhibit
to the public offering statement. In the case where multiple time-share
registered with the
Board included in the
time-share program, the copy or exhibit may be in summary
5. In a time-share use program where the developers net worth is no more than $250,000, a current audited balance sheet and, where the developers net worth exceeds such amount, a statement by such developer that its equity in the time-share program exceeds that amount.
6. Any initial or special fee due from the purchaser at settlement together with a description of the purpose and method of calculating the fee.
7. A description of any liens, defects, or encumbrances affecting the time-share project and in particular the time-share interest offered to the purchaser.
8. A general description of any financing offered by or available through the developer.
9. A statement that the purchaser has a nonwaivable right of cancellation, referring such purchaser to that portion of the contract in which such right may be found.
10. If the time-share interest in a condominium unit may be conveyed before that condominium unit is certified as substantially complete in accordance with � 55.1-1920, a statement of the developers obligation to complete the condominium unit. Such statement shall include the approximate date by which the condominium unit shall be completed, together with the form and amount of the bond filed in accordance with subsection B of � 55.1-1921.
11. Any restraints on alienation of any number or portion of
time-shares time-share interests.
12. A description of the insurance coverage provided for the benefit of time-share owners.
13. The extent to which financial arrangements, if any, have been provided for completion of any incomplete but promised time-share unit or common element being then offered for sale, including a statement of the developers obligation to complete the promised time-share units and common elements that the time-share project comprises that have not begun or that have begun but have not yet been completed.
14. The extent to which a time-share unit may become subject to a tax or other lien arising out of claims against other owners of the same time-share unit.
15. The name and address of the managing entity for
each project in the time-share
16. Copies of the
project time-share instrument and the
associations articles of incorporation and bylaws, each of which may be a
supplement to the public offering statement.
17. Any services that the developer provides or expense it pays and that it expects may become at any subsequent time a time-share expense of the time-share owners, and the projected time-share expense liability attributable to each of those services or expenses for each time-share interest.
18. A description of the terms of the deposit escrow requirements, including a statement that deposits may be removed from escrow at the termination of the cancellation period.
19. A description of the facilities, if any, provided by the developer to the association in a time-share estate project for the management of the project.
20. Any other information required by the Board to assure full and fair meaningful disclosure to prospective purchasers.
B. If any prospective purchaser is offered the opportunity to subscribe to or participate in any exchange program, the public offering statement shall include, as an exhibit or supplement, the disclosure document prepared by the exchange company in accordance with � 55.1-2219 and a brief narrative description of the exchange program, which shall include the following:
1. A statement of whether membership or participation in the program is voluntary or mandatory;
2. The name and address of the exchange company together with the names of its top three officers and directors;
3. A statement of whether the exchange company or any of its
top three officers, directors, or holders of a 10 percent or greater interest
in the exchange company has any interest in the developer, the managing entity,
or the time-share
4. A statement that the purchasers contract with the exchange company is a contract separate and distinct from the purchasers contract with the developer; and
5. A brief narrative description of the procedure by which exchanges are conducted.
C. The public offering statement of a conversion time-share project shall also include the following, which may take the form of an exhibit to the public offering statement:
1. A specific statement of the amount of any initial or special fee, if any, due from the purchaser of a time-share interest on or before settlement of the purchase contract and the basis of such fee occasioned by the fact that the project is a conversion time-share project;
2. Information on the actual expenditures, if available, made on all repairs, maintenance, operation, or upkeep of any building in the time-share project within the last three years. This information shall be set forth in a tabular manner within the proposed budget of the time-share project. If any such building has not been occupied for a period of three years, the information shall be set forth for the period during which such building was occupied;
3. A description of any provisions made in the budget for reserves for capital expenditures and an explanation of the basis for such reserves occasioned by the fact that the time-share project is a conversion time-share project, or, if no provision is made for such reserves, a statement to that effect; and
4. A statement of the present condition of all structural components and major utility installations in the building, which statement shall include the approximate dates of construction, installations, and major repairs as well as the expected useful life of each such item, together with the estimated cost, in current dollars, of replacing each such component.
D. In the case of a conversion time-share project, the developer shall give at least 90 days notice to each of the tenants of any building that the developer intends to submit to the provisions of this chapter. During the first 60 days of such 90-day period, each of these tenants shall have the exclusive right to contract for the purchase of a time-share interest from the unit he occupies, but only if such unit is to be retained in the conversion time-share project without substantial alteration in its physical layout. Such notice shall be hand delivered or sent by first-class mail, return receipt requested, and shall inform the tenants of the developers intent to create a conversion time-share project. Such notice may also constitute the notice to terminate the tenancy as provided for in � 55.1-1410, except that, despite the provisions of � 55.1-1410, a tenancy from month to month may only be terminated upon 120 days notice as set forth in this subsection when such termination is in regard to the creation of a conversion time-share project. If, however, a tenant so notified remains in possession of the unit he occupies after the expiration of the 120-day period with the permission of the developer, in order to then terminate the tenancy, such developer shall give the tenant a further notice as provided in � 55.1-1410.
The developer of a conversion
time-share project shall, in addition to the requirements
of � 55.1-2239, include with the application for registration a copy of the notice
required by this subsection and a certified statement that such notice that
fully complies with the provisions of this subsection shall be, at the time of
of the conversion
project, mailed or delivered to each of the tenants in any
building for which registration is sought.
E. The developer shall amend the public offering statement to
reflect any material change in the time-share program
time-share project. If the developer has reserved in the
time-share instrument the right to add to or delete incidental benefits or
alternative purchases, the addition or deletion of such benefits or purchases
shall not constitute a material change. Prior to distribution, the developer
shall file with the Board the public offering statement amended to reflect any
F. The Board may at any time require a developer to alter or
supplement the form or substance of the public offering statement to assure
full and fair disclosure to prospective purchasers. A developer may prepare and
distribute a public offering statement for each
product time-share program
offered or one public offering statement for all
products time-share programs
G. The developer shall amend the public offering statement to reflect any addition of a time-share project to, or removal of a time-share project from, the existing time-share program.
the case of a time-share project located outside the Commonwealth,
(i) the developer may amend the public offering
statement to reflect any additions or deletions of a time-share project to the
existing time-share program registered in the Commonwealth and (ii)
similar disclosure statements required by other situs laws governing
time-sharing may be acceptable
alternative disclosure statements
accepted by the Board as alternative disclosure statements to satisfy the
requirements of this section. H. I. The public offering
statement may be in any format, including any electronic format, provided that
the prospective buyer has available for review, along with ample time for any
questions and answers, a copy of the public offering statement prior to his
execution of a contract.
� 55.1-2219. Exchange programs.
A. Any exchange company that offers an exchange program in the Commonwealth shall prepare and register with the Board a disclosure document including the following:
1. The name and address of the exchange company;
2. The names and addresses of the top three officers and all directors of the exchange company and, if the exchange company is privately held, all shareholders owning five percent or more interest in the exchange company;
3. Whether the exchange company or any of its officers or directors has any legal or beneficial interest in any developer or managing agent for any time-share program participating in the exchange program and, if so, the name and location of the time-share project and the nature of the interest;
4. Unless the exchange company is also the developer or an affiliate, a statement that the purchasers contract with the exchange company is a contract separate and distinct from the sales contract;
5. Whether the purchasers participation in the exchange
program is dependent upon the continued affiliation of the time-share
program with the exchange program;
6. Whether the purchasers membership or participation, or both, in the exchange program is voluntary or mandatory;
7. A complete and accurate description of the terms and conditions of the purchasers contractual relationship with the exchange company and the procedure by which changes in the terms and conditions of the exchange contract may be made;
8. A complete and accurate description of the procedure to qualify for and effectuate exchanges;
9. A complete and accurate description of all limitations, restrictions, or priorities employed in the operation of the exchange program, including limitations on exchanges based on seasonality, time-share unit size, or levels of occupancy, expressed in boldface type, and, in the event that such limitations, restrictions, or priorities are not uniformly applied by the exchange program, a clear description of the manner in which they are applied;
10. Whether exchanges are arranged on a space available basis and whether any guarantees of fulfillment of specific requests for exchanges are made by the exchange program;
11. Whether and under what circumstances an owner, in dealing with the exchange company, may lose the use of occupancy of his time-share interest in any properly-applied-for exchange, without being provided with substitute accommodations by the exchange company;
12. The fees or range of fees for participation by time-share owners in the exchange program, a statement of whether any such fees may be altered by the exchange company, and the circumstances under which alterations may be made;
13. The name and address of the site of each time-share
project, accommodation, or facility participating in the
14. The number of time-share units in each property participating in the exchange program that are available for occupancy and that qualify for participation in the exchange program, expressed within the following numerical groupings: 1-5, 6-10, 11-20, 21-50, and 51 and over;
15. The number of owners with respect to each time-share program or other property who are eligible to participate in the exchange program, expressed within the numerical groupings 1-100, 101-249, 250-499, 500-999, and 1,000 and over, and a statement of the criteria used to determine those owners currently eligible to participate in the exchange program;
16. The disposition made by the exchange company of
time-shares time-share interests deposited
with the exchange program by owners eligible to participate in the exchange
program and not used by the exchange company in effecting exchanges;
17. The following information, which, except as provided in subsection B, shall be independently audited by a certified public accountant or accounting firm in accordance with the standards of the Auditing Standards Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and reported for each year no later than July 1 of the succeeding year:
a. The number of owners enrolled in the exchange program. Such numbers shall disclose the relationship between the exchange company and owners as being either fee paying or gratuitous in nature;
b. The number of time-share
accommodations, or facilities eligible to participate in the exchange program;
c. The percentage of confirmed exchanges, which shall be the number of exchanges confirmed by the exchange company divided by the number of exchanges properly applied for, together with a complete and accurate statement of the criteria used to determine whether an exchange request was properly applied for;
d. The number of
time-shares time-share interests for which
the exchange company has an outstanding obligation to provide an exchange to an
owner who relinquished a time-share during the year in exchange for a
time-share in any future year; and
e. The number of exchanges confirmed by the exchange company during the year.
18. A statement in boldface type to the effect that the percentage described in subdivision 17 c is a summary of the exchange requests entered with the exchange company in the period reported and that the percentage does not indicate a purchasers or owners probabilities of being confirmed to any specific choice or range of choices, since availability at individual locations may vary.
B. The information required by subsection A shall be accurate as of a date that is no more than 30 days prior to the date on which the information is delivered to the purchaser, except that the information required by subdivisions A 2, 12, 13, 14, 15, and 16 shall be accurate as of December 31 of the preceding year if the information is delivered between July 1 and December 31 of any year; information delivered between January 1 and June 30 of any year shall be accurate as of December 31 of the year prior to the preceding year. At no time shall such information be accurate as of a date that is more than 18 months prior to the date of delivery. As used in this section, "year" means calendar year.
C. In the event that an exchange company offers an exchange program directly to the purchaser, the exchange company shall deliver to such purchaser, simultaneously with such offering and prior to the execution of any contract between the purchaser and the exchange company, the information set forth in subsection A. The requirements of this subsection shall not apply to any renewal of a contract between a purchaser and an exchange company.
D. Each exchange company shall include the statement set forth in subdivision A 18 on all promotional brochures, pamphlets, advertisements, or other materials disseminated by the exchange company that also contain the percentage of confirmed exchanges described in subdivision A 17 c.
E. An exchange company shall, on or before July 1 of each
year, file with the Board and the association for the time-share program in
time-shares time-share interests are
offered or disposed the information required by this section with respect to
the preceding year. If the Board determines that any of the information
supplied fails to meet the requirements of this section, the Board may
undertake enforcement action against the exchange company in accordance with
the provisions of Article 6 (� 55.1-2247 et seq.). No developer shall have any
liability arising out of the use, delivery, or publication by the developer of
written information provided to it by the exchange company pursuant to this
section. Except for written information provided to the developer by the
exchange company, no exchange company shall have any liability with respect to
(i) any representation made by the developer relating to the exchange program
or exchange company or (ii) the use, delivery, or publication by the developer
of any information relating to the exchange program or exchange company. The
failure of the exchange company to observe the requirements of this section, or
the use by it of any unfair or deceptive act or practice in connection with the
operation of the exchange program, shall be a violation of this section.
F. The Board may establish by regulation reasonable fees for
registration of the exchange
All fees shall be remitted by the Board to the State Treasurer and shall be
placed to the credit of the Common Interest Community Management Information
Fund established pursuant to � 54.1-2354.2.
� 55.1-2220. Escrow of deposits; use of corporate surety bond or irrevocable letter of credit.
A. Any deposit made in connection with the purchase or
reservation of a
product time-share interest shall be
held in escrow. All deposits shall be held in escrow until (i) delivered to the
developer upon expiration of the purchasers cancellation period provided the
purchasers right of cancellation has not been exercised, (ii) delivered to the
developer because of the purchasers default under a contract to purchase a
time-share interest, or (iii) refunded to
the purchaser. Such funds shall be deposited in a separate account designated
for this purpose that is federally insured and located in the Commonwealth;
except where such deposits are being held by a real estate broker or attorney
licensed under the laws of the Commonwealth, such funds may be placed in that
brokers or attorneys regular escrow account and need not be placed in a
separate designated account. Such escrow funds shall not be subject to
attachment by the creditors of either the purchaser or the developer.
B. In lieu of escrowing deposits as provided in subsection A, the developer of a time-share project consisting of more than 25 units may:
1. Obtain and maintain a corporate surety bond issued by a surety authorized to do business in the Commonwealth, in the form and amount set forth in subsection C; or
2. Obtain and maintain an irrevocable letter of credit issued by a financial institution whose accounts are insured by the FDIC, in the form and amount set forth in subsection D.
The surety bond or letter of credit shall be maintained until (i) the expiration of the purchasers cancellation period, (ii) the purchasers default under a purchase contract for the time-share estate entitling the developer to retain the deposit, or (iii) the refund of the deposit to the time-share purchaser, whichever occurs first.
C. The surety bond shall be payable to the Commonwealth for the use and benefit of every person protected under the provisions of this chapter. The developer shall file the bond with the Board. The surety bond may be either in the form of an individual bond for each deposit accepted by the developer or, if the total amount of the deposits accepted by the developer under this chapter exceeds $10,000, it may be in the form of a blanket bond. If the bond is a blanket bond, the amount shall be as follows. If the amount of such deposits is:
1. More than $10,000 but not more than $75,000, the blanket bond shall be $75,000;
2. More than $75,000 but less than $200,000, the blanket bond shall be $200,000;
3. $200,000 or more but less than $500,000, the blanket bond shall be $500,000;
4. $500,000 or more but less than $1 million, the blanket bond shall be $1 million; and
5. $1 million or more, the blanket bond shall be 100 percent of the amount of such deposits.
D. The letter of credit shall be payable to the Commonwealth for the use and benefit of every person protected under this chapter. The developer shall file the letter of credit with the Board. The letter of credit may be either in the form of an individual letter of credit for each deposit accepted by the developer or, if the total amount of the deposits accepted by the developer under this chapter exceeds $10,000, it may be in the form of a blanket letter of credit. If the letter of credit is a blanket letter of credit, the amount shall be as follows. If the amount of such deposits is:
1. More than $10,000 but not more than $75,000, the blanket letter of credit shall be $75,000;
2. More than $75,000 but less than $200,000, the blanket letter of credit shall be $200,000;
3. $200,000 or more but less than $500,000, the blanket letter of credit shall be $500,000;
4. $500,000 or more but less than $1 million, the blanket letter of credit shall be $1 million; and
5. $1 million or more, the blanket letter of credit shall be 100 percent of the amount of such deposits.
For the purposes of determining the amount of any blanket letter of credit that a developer maintains in any calendar year, the total amount of deposits considered held by the developer shall be determined as of May 31 in each calendar year and the amount of the letter of credit shall be in accordance with the amount of deposits held as of May 31.
E. The developer shall disclose in the contract or in the public offering that the deposit may not be held in escrow or protected by a surety bond or letter of credit after expiration of the cancellation period and that such deposit is not protected as an escrow after expiration of the cancellation period. This disclosure shall include a statement of whether or not the developer reserves the option to sell or assign any promissory note given by a purchaser to another entity, whether or not such entity is affiliated with the developer. Both disclosures shall appear in boldface type of a minimum size of 10 points.
� 55.1-2238. Registration of time-share program required.
A. A developer may not offer or dispose of any interest in a
time-share program unless the time-share
project and its
program have has
been properly registered with the Board. A developer may accept a nonbinding
reservation together with a deposit if the deposit is placed in an escrow
account with an institution having trust powers within the Commonwealth and is
refundable at any time at the purchasers option. In all cases, the reservation
shall require a subsequent affirmative act by the purchaser via a separate
instrument to create a binding obligation. A developer may not dispose of or
transfer a time-share interest
while an order revoking or suspending the registration of the time-share
program is in effect. In the case of a
time-share project located outside the Commonwealth and properly registered in
the situs, the Board may accept a substitute application for registration.
B. The developer shall maintain records of names and addresses
of current independent contractors employed by it for
time-share sales purposes of time-share interests.
� 55.1-2239. Application for registration.
A. The application for registration shall be filed in a form prescribed by the Boards regulations and shall include the following:
1. An irrevocable appointment to the Board to receive service of process in any proceeding arising under this chapter against the developer or the developers agent if nonresidents of the Commonwealth;
2. The states or jurisdictions in which an application for
registration or similar document has been filed and any adverse order or
judgment entered in connection with the time-share
by the regulatory authorities in each jurisdiction or by any court;
3. The applicants name, address, and the organizational form, including the date and jurisdiction under which the applicant was organized, and the address of its principal office and each of its sales offices in the Commonwealth;
4. The name, address, and principal occupation for the past
five years of every officer of the applicant or person occupying a similar
status or performing similar functions and the extent and nature of his
interest in the applicant or the time-share
as of a specified date within 30 days of the filing of the application;
5. A statement, in a form acceptable to the Board, of the
condition of the title to
the each time-share project included in the time-share program,
including encumbrances as of a specified date within 30 days of the date of
application, by a title opinion of a licensed attorney not a salaried employee,
officer, or director of the applicant or owner, or by other evidence of a title
acceptable to the Board;
6. A copy of the instruments that will be delivered to a
to evidence his interest in the time-share
and copies of the contracts and other agreements that a purchaser will be
required to agree or to sign;
7. A copy of any management agreements, employment contracts,
or other contracts or agreements affecting the use, maintenance, or access of
all or any part of the time-share
8. A statement of the zoning and other governmental
regulations affecting the use of
the a time-share project in a time-share program,
including the site plans and building permits and their status and any existing
tax and existing or proposed special taxes or assessments that affect the
9. A narrative description of the promotional plan for the
the time-shares time-share interests;
10. The proposed public offering statement and its exhibits;
11. Any bonds required to be posted pursuant to the provisions of this chapter;
12. The time-share estate owners association annual report or budget required by � 55.1-2213 to the extent available;
13. A description of
each product the
developer seeks to register with the Board the time-share program being submitted for
14. Any other information that the Board believes necessary to assure full and fair disclosure.
B. The developer shall immediately report to the Board any material changes in the information contained in an application for registration.
C. Nothing shall prevent a developer from
registering with the Board
including in the registration a time-share project where
construction is yet to begin or, if construction has begun, where construction
is not yet complete.
� 55.1-2241. Receipt of application; effectiveness of registration.
A. Upon receipt of the application for registration in proper
form, the Board, within five business days, shall issue a notice of filing to
the applicant. Within 20 days after receipt of the application, the Board shall
review the application to determine whether the application and supporting
documents satisfy the requirements of this chapter and the Boards regulations.
Within 60 days from the date of the notice of filing, the Board shall enter an
order registering or rejecting the application. If no order of rejection is
entered within 60 days from the date of the notice of filing, the time-share
program shall be deemed registered unless the applicant has
consented in writing to a delay.
B. If the Board determines after review of the application and
documents provided by the applicant that the requirements of � 55.1-2239 have
been met, it shall issue an order registering the time-share
program and shall designate the form of the public offering
C. If the Board determines that any of the requirements of � 55.1-2239 have not been met, the Board shall notify the applicant that the application for registration shall be corrected in the particulars specified within 20 days. If the requirements are not met within the time allowed, the Board shall enter an order rejecting the registration, which shall include the findings of fact upon which the order is based. The order rejecting the registration shall become effective 20 days after issuance. During this 20-day period, the applicant may petition for reconsideration and shall be entitled to a hearing or to correct the particulars specified in the Boards notice. Such order of rejection shall not take effect, in any event, until such time as the hearing, if requested, is given to the applicant.
� 55.1-2242. Annual report; amendments.
A. The developer shall file a report in the form prescribed by
the Boards regulations by June 30 of each year the registration is effective.
The developer of any time-share
project program initially registered
with the Board between January and June shall not be required to file an annual
report for the year in which it was initially registered. The report shall
reflect any material changes in information contained in the original
application for registration or in the immediately preceding annual report,
whichever is later, and shall be accompanied by the appropriate fee established
by the Boards regulations or pursuant to � 55.1-2240.
B. During the developer control period in a time-share estate program, the developer shall file a copy of the unit owners association annual report required by � 55.1-2213 along with the annual report required by this section.
C. The developer shall amend or supplement its registration with the Board to report any material change in the information required by �� 55.1-2217 and 55.1-2239. Such amendments or supplemental information shall be filed with the Board within 20 business days after the occurrence of the material change.
� 55.1-2243. Termination of registration.
A. In a time-share estate program, if the annual report
indicates that the developer has transferred title to the time-share owners
association and that no further development rights exist, the Board shall issue
an order terminating the registration of the time-share
B. The Board shall issue an order terminating the registration
of a time-share
project program upon application by
the developer in which the developer states that no further development right of the project is anticipated
and that the developer has ceased sales of
time-shares at time-share interests
in the project time-share program.
C. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, the Board
may administratively terminate the registration of a time-share
1. The developer has not filed an annual report in accordance with � 55.1-2242 for three or more consecutive years; or
2. The developers registration with the State Corporation Commission, if applicable, has not been active for five or more consecutive years.
� 55.1-2247. General powers and duties of Board.
A. The Board may adopt, amend, and repeal rules and regulations and issue orders consistent with and in furtherance of the objectives of this chapter. The Board may prescribe forms and procedures for submitting information to the Board.
B. The Board may accept grants in aid from any governmental source and may contract with agencies charged with similar functions in this or other jurisdictions, in furtherance of the objectives of this chapter.
C. The Board may cooperate with agencies performing similar functions in this and other jurisdictions to develop uniform filing procedures and forms, uniform disclosure standards, and uniform administrative practices and may develop information that may be useful in the discharge of the Boards duties.
D. 1. The Board may issue an order requiring the developer or reseller to cease and desist from the unlawful practice and to take such affirmative action as in the judgment of the Board will carry out the purposes of this chapter if it determines after legal notice and opportunity for hearing that a developer or reseller or an agent of a developer or reseller has:
a. Made any representation in any document or information filed with the Board that is false or misleading;
b. Engaged or is engaging in any unlawful act or practice;
c. Disseminated or caused to be disseminated orally, or in writing, any false or misleading promotional materials in connection with a time-share program;
d. Concealed, diverted, or disposed of any funds or assets of
any person in a manner impairing rights of purchasers of
time-shares time-share interests
in the time-share program;
e. Failed to perform any stipulation or agreement made to induce the Board to issue an order relating to that time-share program;
f. Otherwise violated any provision of this chapter or any of the Boards rules and regulations or orders; or
g. Disposed of any time-share
interests in a
project time-share program without
first complying with the requirements of this chapter.
2. If the Board makes a finding of fact in writing that the public interest will be irreparably harmed by delay in issuing an order, as prescribed in subdivision 1, it may issue a temporary order to cease and desist or to take such affirmative action as may be deemed appropriate by the agency. Prior to issuing the temporary order, the Board shall give notice of the proposal to issue a temporary order to the developer or the reseller. Every temporary order shall include in its terms:
a. A provision clearly stating the reasons for issuing such order and the nature and extent of the facts and findings on which the order is based;
b. A provision that a failure to comply with such temporary order will be a violation of this chapter; and
c. A provision that upon request a hearing will be held promptly to determine whether or not the order shall become permanent.
The Board shall not issue more than one temporary order with reference to such finding of fact as prescribed in this subsection.
E. The Board may also issue a cease and desist order if the developer has not registered the time-share program as required by this chapter or if a reseller has not registered as required by this chapter.
F. The Board, after notice and hearing, may issue an order revoking the registration of the developers time-share program or the registration of a reseller upon determination that such developer, reseller, or agent of such developer or reseller has failed to comply with a cease and desist order issued by the Board affecting the developers time-share program or the reseller.
G. If it appears that any person has engaged, is engaging, or is about to engage in any act or practice in violation of this chapter or any of the Boards rules, regulations, or orders applicable to this chapter, the Board, without prior administrative proceedings, may bring an action in the circuit court of the county or city in which any portion of the time-share project is located to enjoin that act or practice or for other appropriate relief. The Board is not required to post a bond or prove that no adequate remedy at law exists.
|01/15/2020||House||House: Assigned GL sub: Housing/Consumer Protection|
|01/07/2020||House||House: Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/08/20 20104046D|
|01/07/2020||House||House: Referred to Committee on General Laws|