|Introduced in House||Passed House||Introduced in Senate||Passed Senate||Became Law|
DCJS; criminal cases, data collection and reporting standards.
Requires the Department of Criminal Justice Services (the Department) to create uniform reporting mechanisms for appropriate criminal justice agencies in every locality to collect data relating to criminal defendants, alleged criminal offenses, bail determinations, and sentencing in criminal cases in the Commonwealth. The bill provides that collected data shall be disaggregated by locality and by individual, and that in order to maintain anonymity of the individual, localities shall use a unique identifier to identify each individual. The bill sets out the minimum data the Department is required to collect. The bill requires the Department to submit an annual report on the data collected to the Governor and the General Assembly on or before December 31 and requires that the annual report be posted on the General Assembly's and the Department's website.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:
1. That the Code of Virginia is amended by adding in Article 1 of Chapter 1 of Title 9.1 a section numbered 9.1-116.6 as follows:
� 9.1-116.6. Criminal cases; data collection and reporting standards; report.
A. The Department shall create uniform reporting mechanisms for appropriate criminal justice agencies, as defined in � 9.1-101, in every locality to collect data relating to criminal defendants, alleged criminal offenses, bail determinations, and sentencing in criminal cases in the Commonwealth. Collected data shall be disaggregated by locality and by individual. In order to maintain anonymity of the individual, localities shall use a unique identifier to identify each individual. The minimum required data collected by the Department shall include:
1. Information about the defendant, including the defendants year of birth, race, ethnicity, gender, primary language, and residential zip code;
2. If the defendant is under 18 years of age, whether the defendants case was heard in the juvenile and domestic relations court or transferred to circuit court;
3. The determination of the defendants indigency pursuant to � 19.2-159;
4. Information related to the defendants charges, including the number of charges and the most serious offense the defendant is charged with and the Code section for such offense; the general description of such offense; whether such offense is a felony, misdemeanor, civil infraction, or other type of offense; the specific classification of any felony or misdemeanor offense; and, in the case of a drug-related charge, the drug type and amount associated with each such charge;
5. The date on which any alleged offense occurred and the locality in which such alleged offense occurred;
6. The date the defendant is taken into custody by a law-enforcement agency or is issued a summons or other notice to appear and the date of arraignment for each of the defendants charges;
7. Whether the defendant is being represented by court-appointed counsel, privately retained counsel, or is representing himself and the date on which (i) the court appoints an attorney to represent the defendant, (ii) the defendant waives his right to legal representation, or (iii) the defendants hired attorney notifies the clerks office he will be representing the defendant and, if applicable, the date on which the defendants attorney withdraws from the case;
8. The date of each court appearance by the defendant before disposition of the case;
9. If the defendant is admitted to bail, information related to the conditions of bail and the bond, including (i) whether the bond was secured or unsecured; (ii) all monetary amounts set on the bond, including amounts set on both secured and unsecured bonds; (iii) any initial nonmonetary conditions of release imposed; (iv) any subsequent modifications; (v) the total amount of money paid on the bond; and (vi) whether the individual utilized the services of a bail bondsman;
10. Any revocation of bail due to a violation of a defendants conditions of release, failure to appear for a court hearing, or the commission of a new offense by such defendant;
11. Any recommendations made by an attorney for the Commonwealth concerning the setting or revocation of bail or other pretrial release conditions;
12. The date on which the defendant is admitted to bail or released on some other condition of pretrial release;
13. If the defendant is not admitted to bail, the reason for the denial;
14. The date of disposition of the defendants case and the result of such disposition, including whether the defendants case is dismissed or the defendant is acquitted;
15. If the defendant is convicted of any offense, the date the defendant is sentenced, the offense for which the defendant is sentenced, the Code section for such offense, the sentence imposed for such offense, including any time suspended, and any period of probation, parole, or other postrelease supervision;
16. Any credit for time spent in confinement while awaiting disposition of the defendants case;
17. Whether the defendant is offered or ordered to attend a diversionary program or a community corrections alternative program and which programs are offered or ordered;
18. The total amount of court fees or fines imposed by the court at the disposition of the defendants case and any outstanding balance the defendant may have on such fees or fines;
19. Any restitution ordered, including any amount collected by the court and any amount paid to a victim;
20. Any offers of a plea agreement and whether such plea agreement was entered into and accepted by the court; and
21. Any applicable discretionary sentencing guidelines.
B. No information collected under this section that personally identifies a victim may be disclosed. No provision of this section shall permit a person access to juvenile court records, unless otherwise provided by law, and no information from any such record that personally identifies a juvenile defendant may be disclosed.
C. The Department shall submit an annual report on the data collected pursuant to this section to the Governor and the General Assembly on or before December 31 as provided in the procedures of the Division of Legislative Automated Services for the processing of legislative documents and reports, and the annual report shall be posted on the General Assemblys website. The Department shall publish the annual report on the Departments website no later than 10 days following its submission to the Governor and the General Assembly.
|01/16/2020||House||House: Referred to Committee for Courts of Justice|
|01/07/2020||House||House: Prefiled and ordered printed; offered 01/08/20 20104979D|
|01/07/2020||House||House: Referred to Committee on General Laws|