Introduced in House Passed House Introduced in Senate Passed Senate To President Became Law
12/05/2019          

Expanding Access to School Meals Act of 2019

Date Version PDF TXT
12/15/2019 Introduced in House Open
12/05/2019 Introduced in House Open

            


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 5308


To amend the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 and the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to eliminate reduced price breakfasts and lunches and to require that the income guidelines for determining eligibility for free breakfasts and free lunches be 200 percent of the poverty-level, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

December 5, 2019

Mr. Ryan (for himself, Mr. Thompson of California, Mrs. Dingell, Mr. Hastings, Mr. Thompson of Mississippi, Ms. Jackson Lee, and Mrs. Hayes) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and Labor


A BILL

To amend the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 and the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to eliminate reduced price breakfasts and lunches and to require that the income guidelines for determining eligibility for free breakfasts and free lunches be 200 percent of the poverty-level, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title; table of contents.

(a) In general.—This Act may be cited as the “Expanding Access to School Meals Act of 2019”.

(b) Table of contents.—The table of contents for this Act are as follows:


Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.


Sec. 101. Repeal of reduced price breakfasts.

Sec. 102. Repeal of reduced price lunches.

Sec. 201. Poverty level for free lunch.

Sec. 202. Direct certification for children receiving Medicaid benefits.

Sec. 203. Direct certification for children enrolled in CHIP.

Sec. 204. Retroactive reimbursement.

Sec. 205. Increase of community eligibility program multiplier.

SEC. 101. Repeal of reduced price breakfasts.

(a) In general.—Section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1758) is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(f) Repeal of reduced price breakfasts.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the reduced price breakfast program is repealed and the Secretary may not provide reimbursements for reduced price breakfasts under this section.”.

(b) Conforming amendments.—The Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.) is amended—

(1) by striking “or reduced price” each place it appears;

(2) by striking “for a reduced price” each place it appears;

(3) by striking “or at a reduced price” each place it appears;

(4) by striking “for reduced price breakfasts” each place it appears; and

(5) by striking “and reduced price” each place it appears.

(c) Further conforming amendments.—Section 4(b) of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1758(b)) is amended—

(1) in paragraph (1)—

(A) in subparagraph (B), by striking the second sentence; and

(B) by striking subparagraph (C); and

(2) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (C).

SEC. 102. Repeal of reduced price lunches.

(a) In general.—The Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

“SEC. 30. Repeal of reduced price lunches.

“Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the reduced price lunch program is repealed and the Secretary may not provide reimbursements for reduced price lunches under this Act.”.

(b) Conforming amendments.—The Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) is amended—

(1) by striking “or reduced price” each place it appears;

(2) by striking “or a reduced price” each place it appears;

(3) by striking “or reduced-price” each place it appears;

(4) by striking “and reduced price” each place it appears; and

(5) by striking “a reduced price” each place it appears.

SEC. 201. Poverty level for free lunch.

Section 9(b)(1)(A) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758(b)(1)(A)) is amended—

(1) by striking the third sentence; and

(2) by striking “130 percent” and inserting “200 percent”.

SEC. 202. Direct certification for children receiving Medicaid benefits.

Section 9(b)(15) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758(b)(15)) is amended to read as follows:

“(15) DIRECT CERTIFICATION FOR CHILDREN RECEIVING MEDICAID BENEFITS.—

“(A) AGREEMENT.—Beginning not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Expanding Access to School Meals Act of 2019, each State agency shall enter into an agreement with the one or more State agencies conducting eligibility determinations for the Medicaid program.

“(B) PROCEDURES.—Subject to paragraph (6), the agreement shall establish procedures under which an eligible child shall be certified for free lunches under this Act and free breakfasts under section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773), without further application.

“(C) CERTIFICATION.—Subject to paragraph (6), under the agreement, the local educational agencies for a school lunch program under this Act and a school breakfast program under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.) shall certify an eligible child as eligible for free lunches under this Act and free breakfasts under section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773), without further application.

“(D) DEFINITIONS.—In this paragraph:

“(i) ELIGIBLE CHILD.—The term ‘eligible child’ means a child—

“(I) is a member of a family that meets the income eligibility requirements under paragraph (1)(A); and

“(II) is enrolled in medical assistance under a Medicaid State plan (or a waiver of such plan) under title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.)

“(ii) MEDICAID PROGRAM.—The term Medicaid program means the program of medical assistance established under title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.).

“(E) APPLICABILITY.—This paragraph applies to—

“(i) in the case of the school year beginning July 2020, a school district that had an enrollment of 25,000 students or more in the preceding school year;

“(ii) in the case of the school year beginning July 2021, a school district that had an enrollment of 10,000 students or more in the preceding school year; and

“(iii) in the case of the school year beginning July 2022, and each subsequent school year, each local educational agency.”.

SEC. 203. Direct certification for children enrolled in CHIP.

Section 9(b) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(16) DIRECT CERTIFICATION FOR CHILDREN ENROLLED IN CHIP.—

“(A) AGREEMENT.—Beginning not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this paragraph, each State agency shall enter into an agreement with the State agency conducting eligibility determinations for child health assistance under a State child health plan (or a waiver of such plan) under title XXI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1397 et seq.).

“(B) PROCEDURES.—Subject to paragraph (6), the agreement shall establish procedures under which an eligible child shall be certified as eligible for free lunches under this Act and free breakfasts under section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773), without further application.

“(C) CERTIFICATION.—Subject to paragraph (6), under the agreement, the local educational agency conducting eligibility determinations for a school lunch program under this Act and a school breakfast program under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.) shall certify an eligible child as eligible for free lunches under this Act and free breakfasts under section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773), without further application.

“(D) ELIGIBLE CHILD DEFINED.—In this paragraph, the term ‘eligible child’ means a child who—

“(i) is a member of a family that meets the income eligibility requirements under paragraph (1)(A); and

“(ii) is enrolled in child health assistance under a State child health plan (or a waiver of such plan) under title XXI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1397 et seq.)

“(E) APPLICABILITY.—This paragraph applies to—

“(i) in the case of the school year beginning July 2020, a school district that had an enrollment of 25,000 students or more in the preceding school year;

“(ii) in the case of the school year beginning July 2021, a school district that had an enrollment of 10,000 students or more in the preceding school year; and

“(iii) in the case of the school year beginning July 2022, and each subsequent school year, each local educational agency.”.

SEC. 204. Retroactive reimbursement.

Section 9(b)(9)(C) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758(b)(9)(C)) is amended—

(1) by striking “Except” and inserting the following:

    “(i) IN GENERAL.—Except”;

(2) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as subclauses (I) and (II); and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

    “(ii) RETROACTIVITY.—A local educational agency shall revise a previously submitted meal claim to reflect the eligibility approval of a child for free meals for the period that begins on the earlier of the following:

    “(I) The first day of the current school year.

    “(II) The date that is 90 days prior to the date of such eligibility approval.

    “(iii) MEAL CLAIM DEFINED.—In this subsection, the term ‘meal claim’ means any documentation provided by a school food authority to a State agency in order to receive reimbursement for the cost of a meal served to a child by such school food authority.”.

SEC. 205. Increase of community eligibility program multiplier.

Section 11(a)(1)(F) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1759a(a)(1)(F)) is amended by striking clause (vii) and inserting the following:

“(vii) MULTIPLIER.—For each school year beginning on or after July 1, 2020, the multiplier shall be 1.8”.


Picture Name From Date Type
Tim Ryan D-OH 12/05/2019 Sponsor
Bennie Thompson D-MS 12/05/2019 Cosponsor
Mike Thompson D-CA 12/05/2019 Cosponsor
Eleanor Norton D-DC 06/30/2020 Cosponsor
Seth Moulton D-MA 02/05/2020 Cosponsor
Mike Levin D-CA 03/09/2020 Cosponsor
Sheila Lee D-TX 12/05/2019 Cosponsor
Ro Khanna D-CA 09/29/2020 Cosponsor
Jahana Hayes D-CT 12/05/2019 Cosponsor
Alcee Hastings D-FL 12/05/2019 Cosponsor
Sylvia Garcia D-TX 02/05/2020 Cosponsor
Debbie Dingell D-MI 12/05/2019 Cosponsor
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Date Branch Action
12/05/2019 President Referred to the House Committee on Education and Labor.Action By: House of Representatives
12/05/2019 President Introduced in HouseAction By: House of Representatives
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