Introduced in House Passed House Introduced in Senate Passed Senate To President Became Law
12/03/2019          

Home Defense and Competitive Shooting Act of 2019

Date Version PDF TXT
12/10/2019 Introduced in House Open
12/03/2019 Introduced in House Open

            


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 5289


To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to remove short-barreled rifles from the definition of firearms for purposes of the National Firearms Act, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

December 3, 2019

Mr. Marshall (for himself, Mr. Gaetz, Mr. Young, Mr. Austin Scott of Georgia, Mr. Steube, Mr. Budd, Mr. Duncan, Mr. Newhouse, Mr. Watkins, Mr. Babin, Mr. Gosar, Mr. Mullin, Mr. Yoho, Mr. Meadows, Mr. Griffith, Mr. Hice of Georgia, and Mr. Estes) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means, and in addition to the Committee on the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to remove short-barreled rifles from the definition of firearms for purposes of the National Firearms Act, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Home Defense and Competitive Shooting Act of 2019”.

SEC. 2. Short-barreled rifles.

(a) In general.—Section 5845(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended—

(1) by striking “(3) a rifle” and all that follows through “(5) any other weapon” and inserting “(3) any other weapon”; and

(2) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (7), and (8) as paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), respectively.

(b) Effective date.—The amendment made by this section shall apply to calendar quarters beginning more than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 3. Elimination of disparate treatment of short-barreled rifles used for lawful purposes.

Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended in each of subsections (a)(4) and (b)(4) by striking “short-barreled shotgun, or short-barreled rifle” and inserting “or short-barreled shotgun”.

SEC. 4. Treatment of short-barreled rifles determined by reference to National Firearms Act.

Section 5841 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(f) Short-Barreled rifle requirements determined by reference.—In the case of any short-barreled rifle registration or licensing requirement under State or local law which is determined by reference to the National Firearms Act, any person who acquires or possesses such a rifle in accordance with chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, shall be treated as meeting any such registration or licensing requirement with respect to such rifle.”.

SEC. 5. Preemption of certain State laws in relation to short-barreled rifles.

Section 927 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: “Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, a law of a State or a political subdivision of a State that imposes a tax, other than a generally applicable sales or use tax, on making, transferring, using, possessing, or transporting a short-barreled rifle in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce, or imposes a marking, recordkeeping or registration requirement with respect to such a rifle, shall have no force or effect.”.

SEC. 6. Destruction of records.

(a) In general.—Not later than 365 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall destroy any registration of an applicable rifle maintained in the National Firearms Registration and Transfer Record pursuant to section 5841 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, any application to transfer filed under section 5812 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 that identifies the transferee of an applicable rifle, and any application to make filed under section 5822 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 that identifies the maker of an applicable rifle.

(b) Applicable rifle.—For purposes of this section, the term “applicable rifle” means a rifle, or weapon made from a rifle, described in paragraph (3) or (4) of section 5845(a) of such Code (as in effect on the day before the enactment of the Home Defense and Competitive Shooting Act of 2019).


Picture Name From Date Type
Roger Marshall R-KS 12/03/2019 Sponsor
Don Young R-AK 12/03/2019 Cosponsor
Ted Yoho R-FL 12/03/2019 Cosponsor
Steve Watkins D-KS 12/03/2019 Cosponsor
Steve Watkins R-KS 12/03/2019 Cosponsor
W Steube R-FL 12/03/2019 Cosponsor
Austin Scott R-GA 12/03/2019 Cosponsor
Denver Riggleman R-VA 12/09/2019 Cosponsor
Dan Newhouse R-WA 12/03/2019 Cosponsor
Markwayne Mullin R-OK 12/03/2019 Cosponsor
Alexander Mooney R-WV 12/09/2019 Cosponsor
Mark Meadows R-NC 12/03/2019 Cosponsor
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Date Branch Action
01/30/2020 President Referred to the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security.Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
12/03/2019 President Referred to the Committee on Ways and Means, and in addition to the Committee on the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.Action By: House of Representatives
12/03/2019 President Introduced in HouseAction By: House of Representatives
Summary
There is one summary for H.R.5289. View summaries Shown Here:Introduced in House (12/03/2019) Home Defense and Competitive Shooting Act of 2019 This bill removes short-barreled rifles (barrels of less than 16 inches in length) from the definition of firearms for purposes of the National Firearms Act. It also eliminates the prohibition on the transportation of such rifles in interstate commerce and treats persons who acquire or possess a short-barreled rifle as meeting the registration or licensing requirements for such rifle where such requirements are determined by reference to the National Firearms Act. The bill preempts state or local laws that impose a tax or recordkeeping requirements on short-barreled rifles. The Department of Justice must destroy records relating to the registration of  certain rifles within one year after the enactment of this bill.
Shown Here:Introduced in House (12/03/2019) Home Defense and Competitive Shooting Act of 2019 This bill removes short-barreled rifles (barrels of less than 16 inches in length) from the definition of firearms for purposes of the National Firearms Act. It also eliminates the prohibition on the transportation of such rifles in interstate commerce and treats persons who acquire or possess a short-barreled rifle as meeting the registration or licensing requirements for such rifle where such requirements are determined by reference to the National Firearms Act. The bill preempts state or local laws that impose a tax or recordkeeping requirements on short-barreled rifles. The Department of Justice must destroy records relating to the registration of  certain rifles within one year after the enactment of this bill.
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