Introduced in House Passed House Introduced in Senate Passed Senate To President Became Law
11/26/2019          

WRCR Act of 2019

Date Version PDF TXT
12/10/2019 Introduced in House Open
11/26/2019 Introduced in House Open
11/26/2019 Introduced in House Open

            




116 HR 5271 IH: Worker Relief and Credit Reform Act of 2019
U.S. House of Representatives
2019-11-26
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EN
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I116th CONGRESS1st SessionH. R. 5271IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESNovember 26, 2019Ms. Moore (for herself, Ms. Fudge, Mr. Bishop of Georgia, Ms. Bass, Ms. Lee of California, Mr. Clay, Mrs. Carolyn B. Maloney of New York, Mr. Danny K. Davis of Illinois, Mr. Rush, Mr. Butterfield, Mrs. Watson Coleman, Ms. Omar, Ms. Jackson Lee, Ms. Norton, Ms. Schakowsky, Mr. Cohen, Ms. Tlaib, Mr. Pocan, Mr. Nadler, Ms. Escobar, Mr. Hastings, Ms. Jayapal, Ms. Judy Chu of California, Mr. Huffman, Mrs. Lawrence, Ms. Pressley, Mr. García of Illinois, Mr. Khanna, Ms. Garcia of Texas, Ms. Haaland, Mr. Grijalva, Mr. Cicilline, and Mr. Ryan) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and MeansA BILLTo amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to expand and improve the earned income tax credit.
1.
Short title
This Act may be cited as the Worker Relief and Credit Reform Act of 2019 or as the WRCR Act of 2019.
2.
Expansion and improvement of earned income tax credit
(a)
Application to students
(1)
In general
Section 32(c)(1)(A)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting who is a qualifying student or after any individual.
(2)
Qualifying student
Section 32(c) of such Code is amended by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5) and inserting after paragraph (3) the following new paragraph: (4)
Qualifying student
(A)
In general
The term qualifying student means, with respect to any taxable year, any individual who— (i)is an eligible student (as defined in section 25A(b)(3)) with respect to at least one academic period beginning during such taxable year, (ii)either— (I)qualifies for a Federal Pell Grant with respect to such academic period, or (II)meets the requirements of subparagraph (B) or (C) for the taxable year, and (iii)is not a dependent for whom a deduction is allowable under section 151 to another taxpayer for any taxable year beginning in the same calendar year as such taxable year.
(B)
Independent students
In the case of any independent student, the requirements of this subparagraph are met for such taxable year if the household income of the taxpayer is less than 300 percent of the poverty line for the size of the family involved for the taxable year.
(C)
Other students
(i)
In general
In the case of any individual who is not an independent student, the requirements of this subparagraph are met for such taxable year if the aggregate household incomes of all the individual’s specified supporters (and the taxpayer if not otherwise taken into account) for the taxable years of such supporters which end in or with the calendar year in which such individual’s taxable year begins is less than 300 percent of the poverty line for the size of the family involved (determined on a single aggregate basis) for the taxable year.
(ii)
Specified supporter
The term specified supporter means, with respect to any individual described in clause (i), any taxpayer with respect to whom such individual was a dependent for any taxable year ending in the 3-year period described in subparagraph (D)(i).
(D)
Independent student defined
(i)
In general
The term independent student means any individual if such individual was not a dependent of another taxpayer for any taxable year ending in the 3-year period which ends on the first day of the first academic period with respect to which such individual is an eligible student (as defined in section 25A(b)(3)).
(ii)
Certain academic periods disregarded
An academic period shall be disregarded under clause (i) if such academic period ends more than 2 years before the beginning of the next academic period with respect to which the individual is an eligible student (as defined in section 25A(b)(3)).
(E)
Other definitions
(i)
Household income
The term household income has the meaning given such term in section 36B(d)(2).
(ii)
Poverty line
The term poverty line has the meaning given such term in section 36B(d)(3)(A).
(iii)
Family size
The family size involved with respect to any taxpayer shall be determined under rules similar to the rules of section 36B(d)(1).
.
(3)
Conforming amendment
Section 32(c)(1)(A)(ii) of such Code is amended by striking any other individual who does not have a qualifying child and inserting any individual not described in clause (i).
(b)
Modification of age requirements
Section 32(c)(1)(A)(ii)(II) of such Code is amended by striking has attained age 25 but not attained age 65 and inserting has attained age 18.
(c)
Care-Giving and learning taken into account as compensated work
Section 32(a) of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph: (3)
Special rule for qualifying students and certain individuals with one or more qualifying dependents
For purposes of paragraph (1), any individual— (A)who is a qualifying student, or (B)who has a qualifying dependent, shall be treated as having earned income for the taxable year which is equal to the earned income amount with respect to such individual for such taxable year.
.
(d)
Treatment of certain qualifying relatives
(1)
In general
Section 32(c)(3) of such Code is amended by striking all that precedes subparagraph (B) and inserting the following: (3)
Qualifying dependent
(A)
In general
The term qualifying dependent means— (i)a qualifying child of the taxpayer, as defined in section 152(c), determined— (I)by substituting 12 for 19 in paragraph (3)(A)(i) thereof, and (II)without regard to paragraphs (1)(D) and (3)(A)(ii) thereof and section 152(e), (ii)any individual who is physically or mentally incapable of caring for himself or herself (within the meaning of section 21(b)(1)) and who— (I)is the taxpayer’s spouse, or (II)is a qualifying relative of the taxpayer, as defined in section 152(d), determined without regard to paragraph (1)(B) thereof and by treating an individual as a qualifying child of the taxpayer for purposes of paragraph (1)(D) thereof only if such individual is a qualifying child of the taxpayer as determined under clause (i) of this subparagraph, or (iii)any qualifying relative of the taxpayer (as defined in section 152(d), determined without regard to paragraph (1)(B) thereof) who has attained age 65 as of the close of the calendar year in which the taxable year of the taxpayer begins. For purposes of determining if any individual is a qualifying relative of the taxpayer under clause (ii)(II) or (iii), section 152(d)(1)(C) shall be applied by not taking into account any benefits received by such individual pursuant to any Federal program (or any State or local program financed in whole or in part with Federal funds) related to health care, cash aid, child care, food assistance, housing and development, social services, employment and training, or energy assistance.
.
(2)
Conforming amendments
(A)Section 32(c)(1)(A)(i) of such Code are each amended by striking qualifying child and inserting qualifying dependent. (B)Section 32(c)(1)(B) of such Code is amended— (i)by striking qualifying child and inserting qualifying dependent, and (ii)by striking child in the heading and inserting dependent. (C)Section 32(c)(1)(F) of such Code is amended— (i)by striking qualifying children and inserting qualifying dependents, (ii)by striking qualifying child and inserting qualifying dependent, and (iii)by striking qualifying child in the heading and inserting qualifying dependent. (D)Section 32(c)(3)(D)(i) of such Code is amended by striking qualifying child both places it appears and inserting qualifying dependent.
(e)
Modification of percentages and amounts
(1)
100 percent credit percentage
Paragraph (1) and paragraph (2)(A) of section 32(a) of such Code are each amended by striking the credit percentage of.
(2)
20 percent phaseout percentage
Section 32(a)(2)(B) of such Code is amended by striking the phaseout percentage and inserting 20 percent.
(3)
Modification of earned income and phaseout amounts
Section 32(b) of such Code is amended to read as follows: (b)
Earned income amount; phaseout amount
For purposes of this section— (1)
Earned income amount
The term earned income amount means $4,000 (twice such amount in the case of a joint return).
(2)
Phaseout amount
The term phaseout amount means $30,000 ($50,000 in the case of a joint return).
(3)
Inflation adjustment
In the case of any taxable year beginning after 2019, the $4,000 amount in paragraph (1) and each dollar amount in paragraph (2) shall be increased by an amount equal to— (A)such dollar amount, multiplied by (B)the cost-of-living adjustment determined under section 1(f)(3) for the calendar year in which the taxable year begins, determined by substituting 2018 for 2016 in subparagraph (A)(ii) thereof. If any increase under the preceding sentence is not a multiple of $50, such increase shall be rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50.
.
(4)
Conforming amendments
(A)Section 32(i) of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph: (3)
Inflation adjustment
(A)
In general
In the case of any taxable year beginning after 2018, the $2,200 amount in subsection (i)(1) shall be increased by an amount equal to— (i)such dollar amount, multiplied by (ii)the cost-of-living adjustment determined under section 1(f)(3) for the calendar year in which the taxable year begins, determined by substituting 1995 for 2016 in subparagraph (A)(ii) thereof.
(B)
Rounding
If any increase under subparagraph (A) is not a multiple of $50, such increase shall be rounded to the next lowest multiple of $50.
.
(B)Section 32 of such Code is amended by striking subsection (j).
(f)
Increased credit for certain unmarried individuals with 2 or more qualifying children
(1)
In general
Section 32 of such Code is amended by inserting after subsection (f) the following new subsection: (g)
Increased credit for certain unmarried individuals with 2 or more qualifying children
(1)
In general
In the case of a qualified individual, the amount of the credit otherwise determined under subsection (a) shall be increased by the amount of the credit determined under this section as such section was in effect for taxable years beginning in 2018 but with the modifications described in paragraph (2).
(2)
Modifications
Solely for purposes of determining the increase under paragraph (1)— (A)
Credit percentage
The credit percentage shall be equal to— (i)in the case of a qualified individual with 2 qualifying children, 12.5 percent, and (ii)in the case of a qualified individual with 3 or more qualifying children, 18.75 percent.
(B)
Phaseout percentage
The phaseout percentage shall be equal to 5 percent.
(C)
Application of inflation adjustment
Section 32(j) as in effect for taxable years beginning in 2018 shall be applied by taking into account the taxable year for which the increase under paragraph (1) is determined.
(3)
Qualified individual
For purposes of this subsection, the term qualified individual means any individual who— (A)is not married (as determined under section 7703), and (B)has 2 or more qualifying children.
(4)
Qualifying child
For purposes of this subsection, the term qualifying child means a child described in subsection (c)(3)(A)(i) determined without regard to subclause (I) thereof.
.
(g)
Advance payment
(1)
In general
Chapter 77 of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
7529.
Advance payment of earned income credit; earned income savings accounts
(a)
In general
Not later that the date that is 2 years after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall establish a program for making direct advance monthly payments of the credit allowable under section 32 to taxpayers who elect to receive such payments.
(b)
Limitation
The aggregate monthly payments made under subsection (a) with respect to any taxpayer for any taxable year shall not exceed 75 percent of the estimated amount of the credit allowable under section 32 to such taxpayer for such taxable year.
(c)
Election
The election under subsection (a) may be made or changed for subsequent periods at any time during the taxable year. In the case of an election made after the beginning of a taxable year, the monthly advance payments shall be made for months beginning after the date that such election becomes effective and the total amount of advance payments (subject to the limitation of subsection (b)) shall be prorated among the remaining months.
(d)
Method of payment
The program established under subsection (a) shall include an option for taxpayers to elect to receive payments under such program by prepaid debit card.
(e)
Reports to taxpayers
(1)
In general
With respect to payments made under this section for any calendar year, not later than January 31 of the following calendar year, the Secretary shall issue a statement to each individual with respect to whom payments were made under this section setting forth— (A)the name, address, and TIN of such person, (B)the aggregate amount of payments made under this section with respect to such person for such calendar year, (C)a statement that such individual is required to file a return of tax with respect to taxable years which include any portion of such calendar year regardless of whether such individual has income tax liability with respect to such taxable years, and (D)such other information as the Secretary may provide.
(2)
Election to receive statement through on-line portal
A taxpayer may elect to receive the statement described in paragraph (1) through the on-line portal described in subsection (f).
(f)
Recapture of excess payments
If the aggregate payments made to any taxpayer under subsection (a) with respect to any taxable year exceed the credit allowed under section 32 (determined without regard to subsection (h) thereof) with respect to such taxpayer for such taxable year, the tax imposed by chapter 1 with respect to such taxpayer for such taxable year shall be increased by such excess.
(g)
Restriction on allowance of advance payment if excess payments not repaid
In the case of a taxpayer who fails to pay any tax liability which includes an increase determined under subsection (f) before the date on which payment of such tax is due, no payment shall be made under subsection (a) to such taxpayer during the period beginning on such date and ending with the 2-year period which begins on the date that such tax liability (and any interest or penalties in connection with such liability) has been paid in full.
.
(2)
Coordination with credit
Section 32 of such Code, as amended by subsection (f), is amended by inserting after subsection (g) the following new subsection: (h)
Coordination with advance payment of credit
With respect to any taxable year, the amount which would (but for this subsection) be allowed as a credit to the taxpayer under this section shall be reduced (but not below zero) by the aggregate payments made under section 7529 to such taxpayer for such taxable year.
.
(3)
One-on-one consultations
The Secretary of the Treasury (or the Secretary’s delegate) shall ensure that in person, telephonic, and virtual one-on-one consultations between taxpayers and the Internal Revenue Service are available to assist taxpayers at all times during regular business hours (and, in the case of in person consultations, at all taxpayer assistance centers of the Internal Revenue Service) in determining— (A)their eligibility for the advance payment program established under section 7529, (B)the amount of the monthly payment for which the taxpayer is eligible under such program, (C)the circumstances or changes in circumstances which, based on the particular characteristics of such taxpayer, are most likely to result in excess payments to such taxpayer which would be subject to recapture under section 7529(f), and (D)such other matters as such Secretary or delegate determines appropriate.
(4)
On-line portal
The Secretary of the Treasury (or the Secretary’s delegate) shall establish an on-line portal which allows taxpayers to— (A)elect to receive advance monthly payment under section 7529, including determining the estimated amount described in subsection (b) of such section and determining the amount of such monthly payments, (B)report changes in circumstances and modify the amount of future advance monthly payments under such section, and (C)stop future advance monthly payments under such section and pay back any advance monthly payments.
(5)
Clerical amendment
The table of sections for chapter 77 of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new item: Sec. 7529. Advance payment of earned income credit; earned income savings accounts. .
(h)
Outreach pilot program
(1)
In general
Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury (or the Secretary’s designee) shall establish a program to educate taxpayers regarding the availability of the earned income tax credit and the advance monthly payment of such credit. Pursuant to such program— (A)
EITC educational letters
The Secretary (or designee) shall provide a written notice describing the earned income tax credit, the qualifications for receiving such credit, and the program for the advance payment of such credit to each taxpayer that the Secretary (or designee) determines is likely to qualify for such credit.
(B)
District office workshops
Each district office of the Internal Revenue Service shall provide workshops and seminars to assist and educate taxpayers regarding the earned income tax credit and the program to provide advance monthly payments of such credit.
(C)
Quarterly reminders
The Internal Revenue Service shall provide written reminders each calendar quarter to taxpayers participating in the program to provide advance monthly payments of the earned income tax credit that the amount of such payments are determined on the basis of estimates based on information previously provided by the taxpayer, that the taxpayer is responsible for repaying any amounts received which are in excess of the actual amount of the earned income tax credit, and that the taxpayer should review all the facts and circumstances that may affect the amount of the earned income tax credit of the taxpayer which the taxpayer is receiving in advance.
(2)
Termination
The program established under paragraph (1) shall terminate at the close of the 10-year period beginning on the date that such program is established by the Secretary (or designee).
(3)
Report on effectiveness of program
On the date which is 5 years after the establishment of the program under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report evaluating the effectiveness of the program, including a detailed examination of the effectiveness of each of the initiatives described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of paragraph (1).
(i)
Effective date
The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2018.

Picture Name From Date Type
Gwen Moore D-WI 11/26/2019 Sponsor
Rashida Tlaib D-MI 11/26/2019 Cosponsor
Janice Schakowsky D-IL 11/26/2019 Cosponsor
Tim Ryan D-OH 11/26/2019 Cosponsor
Bobby Rush D-IL 11/26/2019 Cosponsor
Ayanna Pressley D-MA 11/26/2019 Cosponsor
Mark Pocan D-WI 11/26/2019 Cosponsor
Chellie Pingree D-ME 12/04/2019 Cosponsor
Ilhan Omar D-MN 11/26/2019 Cosponsor
Eleanor Norton D-DC 11/26/2019 Cosponsor
Jerrold Nadler D-NY 11/26/2019 Cosponsor
Carolyn Maloney D-NY 11/26/2019 Cosponsor
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Date Branch Action
11/26/2019 President Referred to the House Committee on Ways and Means.Action By: House of Representatives
11/26/2019 President Introduced in HouseAction By: House of Representatives
Summary
There is one summary for H.R.5271. View summaries Shown Here:Introduced in House (11/26/2019) Worker Relief and Credit Reform Act of 2019 or the WRCR Act of 2019 This bill amends the Internal Revenue Code, with respect to the earned income tax credit, to (1) make the credit available to certain students, (2) modify the age requirement for the credit, (3) include care-giving and learning as compensated work for purposes of the credit, (4) revise the definition of "qualifying dependents" eligible for the credit, (5) increase the credit for certain unmarried individuals with two or more qualifying children, and (6) require the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to establish a program for making direct advance monthly payments of the credit to eligible taxpayers. The bill directs the IRS to establish a program to educate taxpayers about the availability of the earned income tax credit and the advance monthly payments of such credit.
Shown Here:Introduced in House (11/26/2019) Worker Relief and Credit Reform Act of 2019 or the WRCR Act of 2019 This bill amends the Internal Revenue Code, with respect to the earned income tax credit, to (1) make the credit available to certain students, (2) modify the age requirement for the credit, (3) include care-giving and learning as compensated work for purposes of the credit, (4) revise the definition of "qualifying dependents" eligible for the credit, (5) increase the credit for certain unmarried individuals with two or more qualifying children, and (6) require the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to establish a program for making direct advance monthly payments of the credit to eligible taxpayers. The bill directs the IRS to establish a program to educate taxpayers about the availability of the earned income tax credit and the advance monthly payments of such credit.
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