Introduced in House Passed House Introduced in Senate Passed Senate To President Became Law
11/26/2019 02/10/2020   12/07/2020 12/24/2020 01/05/2021

Securing America's Ports Act

Date Version PDF TXT
01/01/2111 Introduced in House Open
12/07/2020 Enrolled Bill Open
09/09/2020 Engrossed Amendment Senate Open
02/11/2020 Reported to Senate Open
02/10/2020 Referred in Senate Open
02/07/2020 Reported in House Open
02/06/2020 Engrossed in House Open
12/10/2019 Introduced in House Open
11/26/2019 Reported in House Open
11/26/2019 Introduced in House Open
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 HR 5273 ENR: Securing America’s Ports Act
U.S. House of Representatives

text/xml
EN
Pursuant to Title 17 Section 105 of the United States Code, this file is not subject to copyright protection and is in the public domain.


I One Hundred Sixteenth Congress of the United States of America At the Second SessionBegun and held at the City of Washington on Friday, the third day of January, two thousand and twenty H. R. 5273 AN ACT To require the Secretary of Homeland Security to develop a plan to increase to 100 percent the rates of scanning of commercial and passenger vehicles and freight rail entering the United States at land ports of entry along the border using large-scale, non-intrusive inspection systems to enhance border security, and for other purposes.
1.
Short title
This Act may be cited as the Securing America’s Ports Act.
2.
Large-scale non-intrusive inspection scanning plan
(a)
Definitions
In this section: (1)
Large-scale non-intrusive inspection system
The term large-scale, non-intrusive inspection system means a technology, including x-ray, gamma-ray, and passive imaging systems, capable of producing an image of the contents of a commercial or passenger vehicle or freight rail car in 1 pass of such vehicle or car.
(2)
Scanning
The term scanning means utilizing nonintrusive imaging equipment, radiation detection equipment, or both, to capture data, including images of a commercial or passenger vehicle or freight rail car.
(b)
In general
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit a plan to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives for increasing to 100 percent the rate of high-throughput scanning of commercial and passenger vehicles and freight rail traffic entering the United States at land ports of entry and rail-border crossings along the border using large-scale non-intrusive inspection systems or similar technology to enhance border security.
(c)
Baseline information
The plan under subsection (b) shall include, at a minimum, the following information regarding large-scale non-intrusive inspection systems or similar technology operated by U.S. Customs and Border Protection at land ports of entry and rail-border crossings as of the date of the enactment of this Act: (1)An inventory of large-scale non-intrusive inspection systems or similar technology in use at each land port of entry. (2)For each system or technology identified in the inventory under paragraph (1)— (A)the scanning method of such system or technology; (B)the location of such system or technology at each land port of entry that specifies whether in use in pre-primary, primary, or secondary inspection area, or some combination of such areas; (C)the percentage of commercial and passenger vehicles and freight rail traffic scanned by such system or technology; (D)seizure data directly attributed to scanned commercial and passenger vehicles and freight rail traffic; and (E)the number of personnel required to operate each system or technology. (3)Information regarding the continued use of other technology and tactics used for scanning, such as canines and human intelligence in conjunction with large scale, nonintrusive inspection systems.
(d)
Elements
The plan under subsection (b) shall include the following information: (1)Benchmarks for achieving incremental progress towards 100 percent high-throughput scanning within the next 6 years of commercial and passenger vehicles and freight rail traffic entering the United States at land ports of entry and rail-border crossings along the border with corresponding projected incremental improvements in scanning rates by fiscal year and rationales for the specified timeframes for each land port of entry. (2)Estimated costs, together with an acquisition plan, for achieving the 100 percent high-throughput scanning rate within the timeframes specified in paragraph (1), including acquisition, operations, and maintenance costs for large-scale, nonintrusive inspection systems or similar technology, and associated costs for any necessary infrastructure enhancements or configuration changes at each port of entry. Such acquisition plan shall promote, to the extent practicable, opportunities for entities that qualify as small business concerns (as defined under section 3(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(a)). (3)Any projected impacts, as identified by the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, on the total number of commercial and passenger vehicles and freight rail traffic entering at land ports of entry and rail-border crossings where such systems are in use, and average wait times at peak and non-peak travel times, by lane type if applicable, as scanning rates are increased. (4)Any projected impacts, as identified by the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, on land ports of entry and rail-border crossings border security operations as a result of implementation actions, including any changes to the number of U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers or their duties and assignments.
(e)
Annual report
Not later than 1 year after the submission of the plan under subsection (b), and biennially thereafter for the following 6 years, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit a report to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives that describes the progress implementing the plan and includes— (1)an inventory of large-scale, nonintrusive inspection systems or similar technology operated by U.S. Customs and Border Protection at each land port of entry; (2)for each system or technology identified in the inventory required under paragraph (1)— (A)the scanning method of such system or technology; (B)the location of such system or technology at each land port of entry that specifies whether in use in pre-primary, primary, or secondary inspection area, or some combination of such areas; (C)the percentage of commercial and passenger vehicles and freight rail traffic scanned by such system or technology; and (D)seizure data directly attributed to scanned commercial and passenger vehicles and freight rail traffic; (3)the total number of commercial and passenger vehicles and freight rail traffic entering at each land port of entry at which each system or technology is in use, and information on average wait times at peak and non-peak travel times, by lane type if applicable; (4)a description of the progress towards reaching the benchmarks referred to in subsection (d)(1), and an explanation if any of such benchmarks are not achieved as planned; (5)a comparison of actual costs (including information on any awards of associated contracts) to estimated costs set forth in subsection (d)(2); (6)any realized impacts, as identified by the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, on land ports of entry and rail-border crossings operations as a result of implementation actions, including any changes to the number of U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers or their duties and assignments; (7)any proposed changes to the plan and an explanation for such changes, including changes made in response to any Department of Homeland Security research and development findings or changes in terrorist or transnational criminal organizations tactics, techniques, or procedures; and (8)any challenges to implementing the plan or meeting the benchmarks, and plans to mitigate any such challenges.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate.

Picture Name From Date Type
Xochitl Small D-NM 11/26/2019 Sponsor
Abigail Spanberger D-VA 02/03/2020 Cosponsor
Elissa Slotkin D-MI 12/17/2019 Cosponsor
Kathleen Rice D-NY 01/29/2020 Cosponsor
Debbie Lesko R-AZ 02/06/2020 Cosponsor
Josh Harder D-CA 01/24/2020 Cosponsor
Vicente Gonzalez D-TX 01/29/2020 Cosponsor
Vicente Gonzalez R-TX 01/29/2020 Cosponsor
Dan Crenshaw R-TX 11/26/2019 Cosponsor
J Correa D-CA 01/29/2020 Cosponsor
Mark Amodei R-NV 01/24/2020 Cosponsor
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Date Branch Action
01/05/2021 President Became Public Law No: 116-299.
01/05/2021 President Signed by President.
12/24/2020 House of Representatives Presented to President.
12/10/2020 House of Representatives Motion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
12/10/2020 House of Representatives On motion that the House agree to the Senate amendments Agreed to without objection. (text: CR H7128-7129)
12/10/2020 House of Representatives Ms. Torres Small (NM) asked unanimous consent that the House agree to the Senate amendments.
12/10/2020 House of Representatives Ms. Torres Small (NM) asked unanimous consent to take the bill, H.R. 5273, from the Speaker's Table and agree to the Senate amendments. (consideration: CR H7128-7129)
12/08/2020 Senate Message on Senate action sent to the House.
12/07/2020 Senate Passed Senate with an amendment and an amendment to the Title by Unanimous Consent. (consideration: CR S7243-7244; text: CR S7244)
09/09/2020 Senate Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 530.
09/09/2020 Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. Reported by Senator Johnson with an amendment in the nature of a substitute and an amendment to the title. With written report No. 116-267.
03/11/2020 Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. Ordered to be reported with an amendment in the nature of a substitute favorably.
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Summary
There are 3 summaries for H.R.5273. View summaries Shown Here:Passed House (02/10/2020) Securing America's Ports Act This bill requires the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to report to Congress a plan to expeditiously scan all commercial and passenger vehicles entering the United States at a land port of entry using large-scale non-intrusive inspection systems, such as X-ray and gamma-ray imaging systems, or similar technology. The plan shall include elements such as (1) an inventory of such systems currently in use, (2) the estimated costs of achieving a 100% scanning rate, and (3) the anticipated impact that increasing the scanning rate will have on wait times at land ports of entry. DHS shall periodically report to Congress on the progress in implementing the plan. DHS shall also research and develop technology enhancements to inspection areas at land ports of entry.
There are 3 summaries for H.R.5273. Passed House | Reported to House | Introduced in HouseShown Here:Passed House (02/10/2020) Securing America's Ports Act This bill requires the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to report to Congress a plan to expeditiously scan all commercial and passenger vehicles entering the United States at a land port of entry using large-scale non-intrusive inspection systems, such as X-ray and gamma-ray imaging systems, or similar technology. The plan shall include elements such as (1) an inventory of such systems currently in use, (2) the estimated costs of achieving a 100% scanning rate, and (3) the anticipated impact that increasing the scanning rate will have on wait times at land ports of entry. DHS shall periodically report to Congress on the progress in implementing the plan. DHS shall also research and develop technology enhancements to inspection areas at land ports of entry. Shown Here:Reported to House (02/06/2020) Securing America's Ports Act This bill requires the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to report to Congress a plan to expeditiously scan all commercial and passenger vehicles entering the United States at a land port of entry using large-scale non-intrusive inspection systems, such as X-ray and gamma-ray imaging systems, or similar technology. The plan shall include elements such as (1) an inventory of such systems currently in use, (2) the estimated costs of achieving a 100% scanning rate, and (3) the anticipated impact that increasing the scanning rate will have on wait times at land ports of entry. DHS shall periodically report to Congress on the progress in implementing the plan. DHS shall also research and develop technology enhancements to inspection areas at land ports of entry. Shown Here:Introduced in House (11/26/2019) Securing America's Ports Act This bill requires the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to report to Congress a plan to scan all commercial and passenger vehicles entering the United States at a land port of entry using large-scale non-intrusive inspection systems, such as X-ray and gamma-ray imaging systems. The plan shall include elements such as (1) an inventory of such systems currently in use, (2) the estimated costs of achieving a 100% scanning rate, and (3) the anticipated impact that increasing the scanning rate will have on wait times at land ports of entry. DHS shall periodically report to Congress on the progress in implementing the plan. DHS shall also carry out a pilot program to research and develop technology enhancements to inspection areas at land ports of entry.
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